Herzogenburg Abbey

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East view of the Augustinian Canons' Monastery
View of Herzogenburg Abbey from the north
Herzogenburg Abbey around 1780
Cloister walk
Monastery library

The Herzogenburg Abbey is a monastery of the Congregation of the Austrian Augustinian Canons in Herzogenburg in Austria .


The monastery was founded in 1112 by Ulrich I von Passau in St. Georgen an der Traisen at the confluence of the Traisen with the Danube and in 1244 it was moved 10 km up the Traisen to Herzogenburg because of the frequent flooding. This also resulted in the “Obere Markt”, which was administered by the monastery as a manorial lordship, while the “Untere Markt”, as a Bavarian foundation, remained in the possession of the Formbach Monastery until it was bought in 1806 by the Canons .

From 1714 the Herzogenburg Abbey was given a baroque style by Jakob Prandtauer , Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Joseph Munggenast . The monastery was able to avoid the wave of Josephine dissolution of the monasteries, the dissolved canons of Dürnstein and St. Andrä an der Traisen were incorporated with their many parishes in Herzogenburg, so that the monastery emerged from the Josephine reforms materially stronger.

The renovation of the monastery began with the laying of the foundation stone on March 25, 1714; Jakob Prandtauer was in charge of construction. First the south wing, or guest wing, was built and then the east wing up to the great hall. When Johann Gallus Hügel was commissioned to do the stonemasonry for the Imperial Hall, it has entered literature. In a letter he wrote himself, he proves that Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach designed this hall. On April 22, 1716, he submitted a draft contract for the work on the new hall, and on April 29, the contract was signed. In a letter dated March 17, 1718, he stated that he ... still had the specifications for the contract sambt demolished by H. Fischerschen's Cobey ... in his hands.

The largest renovation of the monastery since the renovation took place with enormous support from tax money from the state of Lower Austria and the city of Herzogenburg and private donations from the year 2000 and was completed on the 900th anniversary in 2012. The entire exterior facade and parts of the inner courtyards were restored. The historical gardens, such as the prelate garden, the orchard and the rose garden, were also revitalized. Much has also been renovated inside, such as the ballroom, the Frigdiani and choir chapels as well as the collegiate library including its books. However, the church itself and the magnificent baroque tower of the collegiate church, an architectural counterpart to the Dürnsteiner Stiftsturm and landmark of the lower Traisental valley, were excluded from the renovation .

The 900-year anniversary of the monastery was celebrated from April 22 to October 28, 2012 with numerous events and a newly designed art collection.

Art collection

The focus of the collection is on late Gothic works such as panel paintings, sculptures and glass windows. The large ballroom, the treasury and the monastery library , with their manuscripts and incunabula, as well as the coin cabinet underscore the art-historical importance of the monastery in Lower Austria. Also worth mentioning is the baroque picture room, which not only addresses religious motifs. A special feature is a well-preserved Roman face helmet, which was found in a gravel pit in the area and is dated to around 150 AD.

Collegiate church

Herzogenburg collegiate and parish church
Interior of the collegiate church
Ceiling frescoes in the collegiate church by Daniel Gran and Bartolomeo Altomonte

The collegiate church was founded by Emperor Heinrich II around 1014; as a parish church, it bears the patronage of the arch-martyr Stephen (after the patron of the cathedral church in Passau ). In 1112 the Canons' Monastery of St. Georgen was founded. It received the parishes of Herzogenburg and Traisenburg for its maintenance. In 1244 the monastery was transferred from St. Georgen to Herzogenburg. Until 1783 the monastery was in the diocese of Passau , after which it belonged to the diocese of St. Pölten, newly founded by Joseph II .

Only small remains of the Gothic church are preserved (entrance portal and the second floor of the tower). This Gothic church was the first project by the young architect Franz Munggenast (son of Joseph Munggenast ), which he realized soon after taking over his father's business on May 9, 1742, and construction of which began on April 26, 1743. One of the main interior decorators was the sculptor Johann Joseph Resler . After more than four decades of construction, the church was consecrated on October 2, 1785. It is the last significant baroque church building in Austria. The patron saint of the pen is St. Georg , the Herzogenburg collegiate church has a double patronage.


View of the historic organ from 1752

The organ was built in 1752 by the organ builder Johann Hencke . The instrument has 40 stops on three manuals and a pedal . The second manual, the large positive, is arranged in a similar way to a major work .

I Hauptwerk C – g 3
Prefix 16 ′
Octav 8th'
Principal flute 8th'
Forest flute 8th'
Quintadena 8th'
Octav 4 ′
Pointed flute 4 ′
Night horn 4 ′
Super octave 2 ′
Intoxicating fifth III
Mixture major V – VII
Mixture minor IV – V
Trumpet 8th'
II large positive CDEFGA – c 3
Quintadena (from c 0 ) 16 ′
Principal 8th'
Coppel 8th'
Salicional 8th'
Octav 4 ′
Covered flute 4 ′
Dulciana 4 ′
Fifth 2 23
Super octave 2 ′
Mixture V
Cimbel II
Krummhorn 8th'
III Small positive CDEFGA – c 3
Wooden dacked 8th'
Wooden flute 4 ′
Principal 2 ′
Fifth 1 13
Sedecima 1'
Pedals C – f 3
Principal bass 16 ′
double bass 16 ′
Sub bass 16 ′
Octavbass 8th'
Covered bass 8th'
Choral bass 4 ′
Night horn 2 ′
Pedal mixture
Grand trombone 16 ′
Octave trombone 8th'


"Pummerin" from Herzogenburg

The ringing consists of five bells which sound in the tones a °, c sharp, e, f sharp and a. The big bell was cast in 1719 by Franz Ulrich Scheichel in Vienna, the others in 1948 by the bell foundry in Pfundner , also in Vienna. There is also a death bell that sounds in the tone f sharp and was cast in 1707 by Mathias Prininger in Krems.

The big bell is also known as the pummerin or bummerin. It has a diameter of 188 cm and a weight of 3,864 kg.

Augustinian canons pen

The monastery was headed by Provost Maximilian Fürnsinn since 1979 , and in 2019 Petrus Stockinger was elected as his successor . The monastery dean has been Mauritius Lenz since 2011. Another ten canons currently belong to the convent , and two family canons are also looked after.


The following parishes are incorporated into the monastery:

as well as the Radlberg branch church.

Provost row

Provost Frigdian Knecht was involved in making the monastery Baroque

After: W. Payrich, Herzogenburg, in: The existing pens of the Augustinian Canons in Austria, South Tyrol and Bohemia, ed. by F. Röhrig. Klosterneuburg / Vienna 1997, 89f.

1. 1112 - c. 1117 Wisinto
2. 1117 - c. 1130 Raffoldus
3. 1130-1148 Ludger
4th 1148-1160 Hartwig
5. 1160-1180 Adalbert
6th 1180-1191 Berthold
7th 1191-1204 Wisinto II.
8th. 1204-1213 Albert
9. 1213-1214 Hermann
10. 1214-1228 Heinrich
11. 1228-1242 Herbord
12. 1242-1267 Engelschalk
13. 1267-1285 Ortlof
14th 1285-1288 Ekhard
15th 1288-1310 Wolfker von Wielandstal
16. 1310-1330 Consolation
17th 1330-1340 Herlieb von der Mühl
18th 1340-1361 Siegfried von Wildungsmauer
19th 1361-1374 Nicholas I. Payger
20th 1374-1377 Johannes I. Schnabl
21st 1377-1378 John II
22nd 1378-1391 Jacob I.
23. 1391-1399 Martin I.
24. 1399-1401 Martin II. Schenk
25th 1401-1433 John III
26th 1433-1457 John IV
27. 1457-1465 Ludwig Gössel
28. 1465-1468 wolfgang
29 1468-1484 Thomas I. Kasbauch
30th 1484-1513 Georg I. Eisner
31. 1513-1517 Kaspar Grinzinger
32. 1517-1533 Johannes V. Bernhard
33. 1533-1541 Bernhard I. Schönberger
34. 1541-1550 Philip of Maugis
35. 1550-1562 Bartholomew of Cataneis
36. 1563-1569 John VI Pülzer
37. 1569-1572 John VII Glaz
38. 1573-1577 Jacob II Reisser
39. 1578-1590 George II. Brenner
40. 1591-1602 Paul Zynkh
41. 1603-1604 John VIII intoxication
42. 1604-1608 Ulrich Höllwirth
43. 1609-1615 Melchior Kniepichler
44. 1619-1621 John IX Hanolt
45. 1621 Nicholas II. Hay
46. 1621-1640 Martin III Müller
47. 1640-1653 John X. Bauer
48. 1653-1669 Joseph I. copper note
49. 1669-1687 Anton Sardena
50. 1687-1709 Maximilian I. Herb
51. 1709-1721 Wilhelm Schmerling
52. 1721-1740 Leopold von Planta
53. 1740-1775 Frigdian I. Servant
54. 1775-1779 Stephan Peschka
55. 1779-1780 Augustin Beyer
56. 1781-1809 Michael devil
57. 1811-1832 Aquilin Leuthner
58. 1832-1843 Bernhard II. Kluwick
59. 1843-1847 Karl Stix
60. 1847-1856 Josef II. Neugebauer
61. 1857-1887 Norbert Zach
62. 1888-1912 Frigdian II Schmolk
63. 1913-1927 George III Baumgartner
64. 1927-1946 Ubald Steiner
65. 1946-1963 George IV Hahnl
66. 1963-1969 Thomas II note
67. 1969-1979 Clemens Moritz
68. 1979-2019 Maximilian II. Prudence
69. from 2019 Petrus Stockinger

St. George's Bridge

In memory of the original monastery in St. Georgen, the new Danube bridge Traismauer , which was opened in 2010, was also named St. Georgsbrücke .

See also


  • Hans Sedlmayr : Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Johann Gallus Huegel . 1956.
  • Wolfgang Payrich: Herzogenburg Abbey . Verlag Niederösterreichisches Pressehaus, 1975, ISBN 3-85326-320-8 .
  • Gerhart Egger, Herbert Fasching: Herzogenburg Abbey and its art treasures . Verlag Niederösterreichisches Pressehaus, Vienna 1982, ISBN 3-85326-620-7 .
  • Günter Katzler: The tithe of the St. Georgen-Herzogenburg Abbey from its foundation to the middle of the 14th century. Studies on the Herzogenburg Ten Lease Register (1299–1339) . Thesis . University of Vienna, 2003.
  • Helga Penz: Monastery - Archive - History. Written form and tradition in the Augustinian Canons of Herzogenburg in Lower Austria 1300–1800 . Dissertation . University of Vienna, 2004.
  • Martin Czernin: Herzogenburg. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-7001-3044-9 .
  • Günter Katzler, Victoria Zimmerl-Panagl (eds.): 900 years of Herzogenburg Abbey: New beginnings - upheavals - continuity. Proceedings of the scientific symposium from September 22 to 24, 2011; [Special publication of the Association for Regional Studies of Lower Austria] / [Symposium "900 Years of Herzogenburg Monastery - New beginnings, upheavals, continuity", September 22nd to 24th 2011 in the Augustinian Monastery of Herzogenburg]. Studien-Verlag, Innsbruck 2012, ISBN 978-3-7065-5328-5 .

Web links

Commons : Stift Herzogenburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. stift-herzogburg.at Website of the Herzogenburg Abbey - anniversary year 2012 Template: dead link /! ... nourl ( page no longer available )
  2. a b c d Wolfgang Payrich: The art collection of the Herzogenburg monastery. In: Austria's museums introduce themselves. Volume 22, 1986, pp. 29–34 ( PDF on ZOBODAT ).
  3. Armand Tif, Martin Roland: Brief inventory of the illuminated manuscripts up to 1600 and the incunabula in the library of the Augustinian Canons of Herzogenburg in Lower Austria. Version 2 (November 2009). In: univie.ac.at.see.
  4. ^ Klaus Güthlein : The Austrian baroque master builder Franz Munggenast. Dissertation . University of Heidelberg, p. 46.
  5. stift-herzogburg.at Website of the Herzogenburg Abbey - Herzogenburg Parish / read on March 18, 2012. Template: dead link /! ... nourl ( Page no longer available )
  6. More information about the organ on the website of the monastery. Template: dead link /! ... nourl ( Page no longer available )
  7. a b Dehio Lower Austria south of the Danube 2003 , part 1, page 782: Herzogenburg, Stifts- und Pfarrkirche hll. Georg and Stefan ; ISBN 3-85028-364-X .
  8. ^ Jörg Wernisch: Bell customer of Austria . Journal-Verlag, Lienz 2006
  9. stift-herzogenburg.at site of the pen Herzogenburg - Community. Template: dead link /! ... nourl ( Page no longer available )
  10. ^ Orf.at: Petrus Stockinger new provost in Herzogenburg . Article dated April 9, 2019, accessed April 9, 2019.
  11. presse.dsp.at Press release from the diocese of St. Pölten on the naming of the Danube bridge near Traismauer

Coordinates: 48 ° 17 ′ 10.7 "  N , 15 ° 41 ′ 47.5"  E