Meuro opencast mine
The Meuro open-cast mine , named after the Brandenburg town of Meuro , was an open- pit lignite mine in the Lusatian lignite district, operated from 1958 to 1999 . It was converted into the Großräschener See by controlled flooding as part of the recultivation .
The opencast mine was located in Niederlausitz in the Niederlausitz lignite district . Lignite was mined from the Lausitz lower seam (2nd Lusatian seam horizon), which was cut into a large number of fields by the Pleistocene erosion of the ice age meltwater.
The opencast mine was north of the city of Senftenberg and south of Großräschen . In the west it was bounded by the federal motorway 13 , in the east by the Priestewitz – Cottbus railway line and in the north by the federal highway 96 .
In 1958, the drainage work began. The exploration work was carried out two years later, in 1960. The opencast mine consisted of the main field and the two sub-fields Hörlitz and Großräschen . The outcrop was in a northeasterly direction. From 1965 to 1970 the opencast mine in the Hörlitz subfield, from 1970 to 1988 in the main field and then from 1988 to 1999 in the Großräschen subfield, produced lignite.
Use of lignite
The extracted lignite was delivered to the surrounding briquette factories Progress , Brieske, Meurostolln, Sonne , Aufstieg and Rosa-Luxemburg as well as to the power plants Brieske, Sonne , Jänschwalde and Schwarze Pump .
A total of 300 million tons of raw brown coal was mined.
Site and land use
The open pit took up an area of 3583 hectares. 1,840 million cubic meters of overburden were moved. Numerous places were partially or completely devastated . The places Sauo , Rauno and Reppist as well as Bückgen , the later district of Großräschen-Süd, were completely excavated. Inhabitants of Sedlitz , here the district of Anna-Mathilde , Senftenberg , Hörlitz and the eponymous town of Meuro had to be partially resettled.
The resettlement began in 1960 with 400 residents from Hörlitz and 20 from Meuro. The 760 residents of Sauo were resettled until 1971, 60 residents from Rauno until the demolition in 1983/1984, and 170 residents from Reppist, which was excavated in 1986/1987. In Bückgen as many as 2510 residents were resettled by the time it was demolished in 1989/90.
Due to the demolition of the suburbs, parts of Senftenberg's population and 685 residents from Sedlitz were relocated from 1983 to 1987.
Redevelopment and tourist use
The Lausitzer und Mitteldeutsche Bergbau-Verwaltungsgesellschaft (LMBV) rehabilitated the area of the former opencast mine. The tilted embankments were flattened, former landfills removed or secured, infrastructure created and former opencast mines dismantled. The open pit water was also raised and cleaned.
The newly created areas of the post-mining landscape are used for economic and tourist purposes. From the former Meuro opencast mine, the Großräschener See was created by flooding the remaining hole by 2018 . In January 2018 the water level was 98.5 m above sea level. NHN .
The Großräschener See is connected by the Sornoer Canal with the Sedlitzer See , which arose from the Sedlitz opencast mine . The so-called Ilseweiher and Meurosee are being built in the western part of the opencast mine .
The Lausitzring motor racing track was built on the refilled area of the Hörlitz subfield . The international building exhibition Fürst-Pückler-Land is presented on the banks of the future lake in Großräschen on the IBA terraces in an exhibition and information center. This is also a stop on the European Route of Industrial Heritage . In 2005, the pier, the future landing stage, was built on Großräschener See.
The bucket wheel excavator 1473 has been standing on the southwestern edge of the open pit since 2003 (also called the Blue Wonder because of the color scheme ). It had been in use almost continuously in the Meuro opencast mine since 1965 and was the only opencast mine that remained on site. However, in early 2019 it became known that the excavator was to be scrapped.
Sources and literature
- Otfried Wagenbrecht, Walter Stein: Geologische Streifzüge , VEB Deutscher Verlag für Grundstoffe, Leipzig, ISBN 3-342-00227-1
- Günter Bachmann: The historical development of the community Sauo , VEB brown coal combine Senftenberg
- Hellmuth Barthel: Section geological-geomorphic overview , In: Lausitz , VEB Tourist Verlag, Berlin / Leipzig, 1985
- LMBV information board at the Reppist lookout point
- Representation of the Meuro opencast mine on www.ostkohle.de
- Presentation of the Meuro opencast mine on www.lausitzerbergbau.de
- ↑ a b LMBV: Großräschener See continues to take shape thanks to flooding. Lausitzer und Mitteldeutsche Bergbau-Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH, January 18, 2018, accessed on May 13, 2018 .
- ↑ Last trip for the "Blue Wonder" from the Lausitzring . Lausitzer Rundschau on January 11, 2019, accessed on January 23, 2019.
Coordinates: 51 ° 33 ′ 29.8 ″ N , 14 ° 0 ′ 0.1 ″ E