Black Pump power plant

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Black Pump power plant
KW Black Pump in September 2008
KW Black Pump in September 2008
Black Pump Power Plant (Brandenburg)
Black Pump power plant
Coordinates 51 ° 32 '10 "  N , 14 ° 21' 14"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 32 '10 "  N , 14 ° 21' 14"  E
country Germany
Waters Surrounding waters and groundwater from the nearby opencast mines
Type Thermal power plant
Primary energy Brown coal
fuel Brown coal
power 1600 MW
operator LEAG
Project start 1992
Start of operations 1997
turbine four-casing condensing turbine
boiler 2 × 2420 tons of steam / h
Firing Brown coal dust
Energy fed in 2017 10,600 GWh
Website Black Pump power plant
was standing December 6, 2018

Under the name power plant Black pump is now a built from 1993 to 1998 and from the LEAG operated lignite power plant , consisting of two power plant units with a capacity of 800 MW understood. It is located on the area of ​​the Schwarze Pump industrial park . There have been several power plants on this site since 1955, which no longer exist today.

Black Pump Gas Combination (1955–1998)

As part of the construction of the VEB Gaskombinat Schwarze Pump , three power plants named Kraftwerk Schwarze Pumpe West , Mitte and Ost were put into operation on the site of today's industrial park . The first power plant unit supplied electrical energy and process steam from 1959. The block capacities were between 25 and 100 MW. With the end of the gas combine, the associated power plants were also shut down and demolished between 1990 and 1998.

Black Pump Power Plant (since 1992)

The black pump coal power plant was planned and built as a joint power plant by the then still independent companies VEAG and Energiewerke Schwarze Pump AG (ESPAG) . The corresponding contract for this was signed on February 13, 1992 and in March of the same year the planning order for a power plant construction was awarded to Siemens.

Important key data

After only 13 months, on March 15, 1993, the construction site "New Black Pump Power Plant" was officially opened. On April 20, 1993, the necessary permits under the Federal Immission Control Act were issued. The foundation stone was laid on October 25, 1993 by the then Prime Minister of Brandenburg, Manfred Stolpe . On April 25, 1994, the 100,000. Cubic meters of concrete poured on the construction site. On September 30, 1994, equipment assembly began with the installation of the first boiler support on block A. The boiler frame of Unit A was completed on December 23, 1994 in the same year. On January 1, 1995, VEAG took over the shares in the power plant construction from Lausitzer Bergbau-Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH (LBV). This was the result of the merger of ESPAG and Lausitzer Braunkohle AG (LAUBAG) to form LAUBAG and the subsequent split into LAUBAG and LBV.

During the construction phase there was a serious accident on March 25, 1995. Six counterweights loosened from an assembly crane at a height of 160 m and fell into the depths. This incident caused damage to both the boiler frame of Unit A and the floor slab.

The topping-out ceremony for the cooling towers in Block A and B was celebrated on August 29, 1995. On June 28, 1996, the pressure test was carried out on the steam generator block A, with one out of 60,000 welds being objectionable. On September 23, 1996, the 420 ton generator stand of the block was assembled. The pressure test on the steam generator block B on December 14, 1996 was carried out without any complaints. On April 16, 1997, the first coal wagon with raw lignite was unloaded from the Welzow-Süd opencast mine . On April 19, 1997, the steam generator block A was ignited for the first time with an oil fire, on May 3 the first coal fire up to May 23, when the first mains connection of block A was carried out at 8:01 p.m.

On October 1, 1997, the new Schwarze Pump power plant officially took over the district heating supply for the city of Spremberg ; From October 14, 1997, the city of Hoyerswerda was also supplied with district heating. Also on 1 October 1997 was made the first gypsum delivery to the built nearby gypsum factory of the company Knauf Gips .

On November 29, 1997 at 5:07 p.m., the first network connection also took place in Block B. The block began continuous operation on December 15, 1997. On January 15, 1998, Block B achieved an output of 800 megawatts for the first time, and on January 20, 1998 the new Schwarze Pump power plant achieved its projected output of 1,600 megawatts for the first time.

On June 3, 1998, the new Black Pump power plant was officially commissioned. The guests included the then Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl and the then Brandenburg Prime Minister Manfred Stolpe .

On August 25, 1998, the new Schwarze Pump power plant was handed over to the management of the Schwarze Pump power plant by the VEAG board of directors. The first power plant manager was Dietrich Kirmse.

A 2 × 800 megawatt twin-unit system for base load operation based on raw lignite was planned and built . The raw lignite required is obtained from the neighboring Welzow-Süd opencast mine.

In addition to the generation of electrical energy, the supply of process steam for companies in the nearby industrial park Schwarze Pump and the supply of the village of Schwarze Pump and the cities of Spremberg and Hoyerswerda with district heating are among its most important tasks. With around 290 employees (as of December 31, 2016), the Schwarze Pump power plant is one of the largest employers in the region.

On April 18, 2016, it was announced that Vattenfall was selling its entire lignite division in Lusatia to the Czech company Energetický a Průmyslový Holding (EPH). On September 30, 2016, EPH becomes the new owner of the Schwarze Pump power plant. On that day, EPH and its financial partner PPF took over the entire lignite division (power plants and opencast mines) from Vattenfall.

At a press conference at the group headquarters in Cottbus on October 11, 2016, the official name of the future operator of the opencast mines and power plants was announced. The operator of the Schwarze Pump power plant is therefore “Lausitz Energie Kraftwerke AG” (LEAG).

Technical specifications

Beater wheel of a coal mill
Revision in KW Black Pump
  • Raw lignite
  • Fuel consumption: 36,000 t / day
  • Gross output: 1600 MW (2 × 800 MW)
  • Efficiency:> 40%
Steam generator
  • Manufacturer: Alstom
  • Design: forced flow boiler
  • Steam output per boiler: 2420 t / h
  • Live steam pressure: 268 bar
  • Live steam temperature: 547 ° C
  • Intermediate vapor pressure: 55 bar
  • Intermediate vapor temperature: 565 ° C
  • Fuel quantity per steam generator: approx. 785 t / h
  • Fuel for ignition and support lights: EL heating oil
  • 8 coal mills per steam generator
Turbine hall in the Black Pump power station
ND runner
  • Manufacturer: Siemens
  • Nominal voltage: 27 kV
  • Apparent power 1000 MVA
Cooling tower
  • 1 natural draft wet cooling tower per block
  • Water throughput per cooling tower: 65,600 m³ / h
Flue gas cleaning
Auxiliary steam generator
  • Manufacturer: BABCOCK
  • Number: 2
  • Fuel: heating oil EL
  • Steam output per boiler: 100 t / h
  • Steam parameters: 17 bar / 350 ° C

As a result of the ongoing expansion of renewable energies , increased efforts have been made in the Schwarze Pump power plant since 2015 to further reduce the technical minimum load of the two power plant blocks. The main goal is to react even more flexibly to the requirements of the fluctuating feed-in of wind and solar energy .

The minimum output of 400 megawatts (gross) per unit, which was planned for the construction of the power plant, was reduced to 350 megawatts (gross) in a first step. Since 2016 - after extensive adjustments to the block and control structure - it has been possible to reduce the technical minimum load of each block to 195 megawatts (gross) and to remain in this state for a maximum of 10 hours. Another call for this driving style can only be made after a minimum of 24 hours. In order to be able to guarantee the supply of the connected contractual partners with district heating and process steam, only one of the two blocks can reach the 195 megawatts (gross) minimum output.

Another possible “load point” is the targeted start-up in isolated operation , which can then remain for a maximum of 6 hours.


After the commissioning of power plant units A and B, an additional module was built south of the power plant, according to the approval granted in accordance with the Federal Immission Control Act (BImSchG) from 1998, through which it was possible to mix substitute and mixed fuels with the raw lignite flow to the power plant. As substitute or secondary fuels , dry stabilized materials and fibrous materials are used, and organic waste such as. B. mixed tars, wood chips (waste wood), raw brown coal mixed products and coal abrasion to understand. The first delivery of mixed fuel took place in December 2002. The delivery took place on the road with walking floor vehicles . Since the existing capacities no longer met the increased need for co-incineration and the technology used in module 1 did not always meet the requirements, Vattenfall Europe Generation AG had a second, larger module built in 2011 to replace the first module. The first module has since been used as an interim storage facility.

The first substitute and mixed fuels were obtained from regional rehabilitation projects , most of which came from contaminated sites in the GDR. So were z. For example, tar ponds from Zerre and Terpe in the Schwarze Pump power station are disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner. With the decline in regional products, mixed fuels from other European countries are now also being burned. This is done on the basis of the European Waste Association Regulations and in compliance with all previously applicable provisions of the BImSchG.

In the course of restructuring, the mixed fuel plant was transferred from Vattenfall Europe Generation AG to Mitteldeutsche Umwelt- und Entsorgungs GmbH on March 1, 2013 .


On the basis of the Federal Immission Control Act , the addition of mixed fuels is only permitted if a minimum temperature of 850 degrees Celsius is maintained for the combustion gases that arise during waste incineration. In order to meet these requirements, the following specifications apply at the Schwarze Pump power plant:

  • Two-block operation: Approval of mixed fuel admixture until one of the two power plant blocks falls below the combustion output of 60%
  • One-block operation: Approval of mixed fuel admixture until the fire output is below 60%

(With a fire output of more than 60%, the required minimum temperature of 850 ° C is safely maintained)


The mixed or secondary fuels are delivered by truck south of the power plant in the area of ​​the raw coal bunker. Every batch delivered is sampled and may only then be unloaded. Unloading takes place via vehicles with integrated push floors. During the unloading process, the vehicles are in a closed hall, where exhaust air is sucked in and fed to the steam generators via pipes.


All delivered co-incineration products are checked using a metal detector , mixed if necessary and then crushed to a maximum grain size of 40 mm. In this way, foreign substances can be safely withstood from the coal flow and the most uniform possible supply of energy to the co-incineration products can be guaranteed.

Admixture to the raw lignite

The comminuted co-incineration products are mixed into the already processed raw lignite by means of a screw conveyor. This happens directly on the conveyor belts to the day bunkers. Before the co-combustion products are added, the raw lignite is divided by a kind of plow which protrudes into the coal flow. At the same time, the co-incineration product is added to the coal flow, immediately after which it is covered again with raw lignite. This offers the advantages that a certain premixing of the products takes place and - more importantly - that there can be no leakage of any environmentally hazardous gases. To ensure constant monitoring here too, the entire coaling section is equipped with appropriate gas detectors. The permitted upper limit for admixture is 85 t / h mixed products or max. 5% of the respective coal flow.

Panorama of the Schwarze Pump power plant from the west

The Schwarze Pump power plant reported the following amounts of waste recycling

Waste volumes from the Schwarze Pump power plant (in t / year)
Waste classification Waste 2007 Waste 2008 Waste 2009 Waste 2010 Waste 2011 Waste 2012 Waste 2013 Waste 2014 Waste 2015 Waste 2016 Waste 2017
hazardous waste for recycling 30th 22nd 25th 28 42 18th 72 69 35 64 45
hazardous waste for disposal 69 117 335 116 105 127 55 71 134 68 92
non-hazardous waste for recycling (ash from incineration of RBK) 659,000 774,000 691,000 657,000 727,000 753,000 769,000 824,000 905,000 883,000 759,000


KW black pump at night
KW black pump in winter

The requirements of the ordinance on large combustion, gas turbine and internal combustion engine systems and the ordinance on the incineration and co-incineration of waste apply to the operation of the Schwarze Pump power plant . The air pollutants emitted during the operation of the system are considered emissions . All requirements for monitoring emissions are regulated by law and are constantly monitored. The installed emission monitoring system, which is available separately for both power plant blocks, is used to control gaseous and dusty emissions during operation. The concentrations of dust , sulfur dioxide , nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide are recorded and logged. In addition, the sulfur content level (SAG), which shows the ratio of the sulfur content separated in the flue gas desulfurization system to the raw sulfur content, is recorded and recorded. The operating parameters of live steam volume , exhaust gas temperature and oxygen content in the exhaust gas are also recorded as additional reference values .

In order to be able to assess the optimal operation of the system, also in relation to the emissions that occur, the operating personnel can recognize approaching exceedances at any time on OM images (Operation and Monitoring) and react accordingly. The displayed mean values ​​and trends are used as an aid. For each recorded emission there is the current instantaneous value, half-hourly average, a half-hourly trend, a daily average and a daily average trend. The half-hourly average is the average emission value for every full and half hour and is formed from measured minute values. The daily average is then in turn formed from all classified half-hourly values. In order to be able to form a daily average, at least twelve half-hourly values ​​must be available.

The emission limit values are considered to be complied with if all daily mean values ​​were less than the daily limit value and all half-hourly values ​​were less than the half-hourly limit value. Separate regulations apply to starting and stopping the steam generator.

The following limit values ​​apply to the operation of the main steam generator :

component unit Daily mean value (TMW) Half-hourly average (HStMW) Annual mean (JMW)
Dust a mg / Nm³ 10 20th
Sulfur dioxide a mg / Nm³ 360 720
Nitrogen oxides a mg / Nm³ 200 400
Carbon monoxide a mg / Nm³ 229 458
Sulfur exposure level (SAG) % 96
mercury mg / m³ 0.03 0.05 0.01
aAll values ​​refer to dry flue gas in the standard condition at 6% O 2

The respective live steam volume of the steam generator is used for the beginning or end of the monitoring of the emission limit values ​​(EGW), which is subject to monitoring.

  • Start-up operation of the steam generator FD quantity> 850 t / h
For live steam quantities between 150 t / h and 850 t / h, the emission data is also recorded and saved as a special emission class
  • Shutdown of the steam generator FD quantity <750 t / h
In the case of live steam quantities between 750 t / h and 150 t / h, the emission data is also recorded and saved as a special emission class

The power plant operator is obliged to notify the relevant authorities immediately in the event of failure of the emission measurement technology, limit values ​​being exceeded or other irregularities.

These include:

  • Exceeding at least one emission limit value (half-hourly average> EGW, daily average> EMG)
  • Error in the calibration of the emission measurement technology
  • Falling below the SAG value TMW <daily limit value
  • Failure of the emission measurement technology if the troubleshooting is not completed after 5 HStMW
  • Failure of the emission evaluation technology
  • Disruptions with significant environmental relevance

The emissions from the auxiliary steam generator of the Schwarze Pump power plant, which are only used in critical operating states of the main systems, are recorded without continuous emission measurement technology according to a specification by the Brandenburg State Office for the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection (LUGV). The operation of the auxiliary steam generator is limited to 240 hours per year.

The following emission limit values ​​apply to the operation of the auxiliary steam generator

component unit Emission limit value
Dust a mg / Nm³ 50
Nitrogen oxides a mg / Nm³ 150
Carbon monoxide a mg / Nm³ 175
aAll values ​​refer to dry flue gas in the standard condition at 3% O 2

Power plant critics complain about the emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, mercury and fine dust at the Schwarze Pump power plant , to which cancer- causing substances ( lead , cadmium , nickel , PAHs , dioxins and furans ) could adhere.

The Schwarze Pump power plant reported the following emissions in the European " PRTR " pollutant register :

Emissions from the Schwarze Pump power plant (in kg)
Air pollutant PRTR 2007 PRTR 2008 PRTR 2009 PRTR 2010 PRTR 2011 PRTR 2012 PRTR 2013 PRTR 2014 PRTR 2015 PRTR 2016 PRTR 2017
Carbon dioxide ( CO 2 ) 12,400,000,000 12,500,000,000 10,700,000,000 11,200,000,000 11,900,000,000 12,600,000,000 11,400,000,000 11,700,000,000 12,300,000,000 12,300,000,000 11,500,000,000
Sulfur dioxide (as SO x / SO 2 ) 8,290,000 8,510,000 8,200,000 7,060,000 7,540,000 9,580,000 9,000,000 7,250,000 9,240,000 8,440,000 7,280,000
Nitrogen oxides ( NO x / NO 2 ) 4,920,000 4,960,000 4,190,000 4,610,000 4,980,000 5,430,000 5,350,000 5,050,000 5,810,000 6,000,000 5,690,000
Carbon monoxide ( CO ) 2,910,000 2,280,000 1,850,000 1,700,000 2,190,000 2,300,000 2,140,000 1,980,000 1,350,000 940,000 788,000
Particulate matter ( PM10 ) 169,000 188,000 91,100 not specified 64,700 104,000 101,000 67,000 58,700 105.00 67,900
Nitrous oxide ( N 2 O ) 139,000 74,100 99,100 84,700 135,000 114,000 116,000 120,000 133,000 114,000 111,000
Inorganic Chlorine Compounds (as HCl ) 70,400 66,600 75,000 17,800 77,800 184,000 195,000 179,000 167,000 59,300 50,700
Inorganic fluorine compounds (as HF ) not specified not specified 9,300 not specified 7,560 not specified not specified not specified not specified not specified not specified
Copper and compounds (as Cu ) 1,610 546 196 160 133 108 not specified 138 148 228 198
Lead and compounds (as Pb ) 309 not specified not specified 369 not specified not specified not specified not specified not specified 342 335
Mercury and compounds (as Hg ) 255 355 238 243 271 228 194 303 339 292 256
Chromium and compounds (as Cr ) 272 176 not specified 224 not specified not specified not specified 144 141 117 not specified
Nickel and compounds (as Ni ) 214 76 8 not specified not specified not specified 95 8 not specified 222 263 262 109
Cadmium and Compounds (as Cd ) 26th not specified 44 9 62 9 39 9 83 8 43 45 2 18 1 26 6 46 5
Arsenic and Compounds (as As ) not specified not specified 168 35 8 78 5 not specified not specified not specified 26 2 106 114
Dioxins and furans toxic equivalents ( PCDD / PCDF ) not specified not specified not specified 0 14 0 15 not specified not specified not specified not specified not specified not specified

Power plant manager

Term of office Power plant manager
1994 - September 2002 Dietrich Kirmse
October 2002 - September 2005 Norbert Schulz
October 2005 - December 2014 Horst Poser
Since January 2015 Oliver Stenzel

Gas turbines

With the sale of the lignite division and the two gas turbine power plants (GTKW) Thyrow and Ahrensfelde from Vattenfall to EPH, a solution for continued operation and monitoring had to be found for the system-relevant gas turbine power plant Thyrow and the then (as of October 2019) non-system-relevant and decommissioned gas turbine power plant Ahrensfelde .

Until the change of ownership in September 2016 and a contractually agreed transition period, all remote monitoring tasks for the two gas turbine power plants were secured by Vattenfall Europe Wärme AG (Wärme Berlin).

The remote monitoring for the GTKW Ahrensfelde by Wärme Berlin ended on June 30, 2017. Since July 1, 2017 these tasks have been secured by Lausitz Energie Kraftwerke AG. The respective remote monitoring parts have been split up and assigned to different partners. All technical signals from the control technology for the operation of the GTKW were placed in the main control room of the Schwarze Pump power plant. Since the GTKW Ahrensfelde is currently not classified as system-relevant, no operator actions are possible from the control technology of the Schwarze Pump power plant. Necessary switching operations are carried out on site by the GMB GmbH operating team.

On September 1, 2017, the GTKW Thyrow, after successfully completing the necessary training measures for the operating personnel, became the responsibility of the Schwarze Pump power plant. The first successful start of a gas turbine from the Schwarze Pump power plant took place on August 16, 2017. GMB staff is also responsible for tasks that have to be performed on site.

The GTKW Ahrensfelde has also been classified as systemically relevant since December 1, 2019. According to the Energy Industry Act (EnWG), it is involved in a capacity reserve of 2 GW to be created from winter 2020/2021. A first call of the GTKW Ahrensfelde by the transmission system operator (TSO) can be made from October 1, 2020.


  • The highest point of the power plant is the chimney of the auxiliary boiler system at a height of 172 m above ground. This is located on the eastern stair tower. On the two stair towers east and west of the steam generator building there are protected, glass-clad views, from which the east can be accessed by visitors.
  • On July 9, 2019, the foundation stone for the “BigBattery” project was laid on the grounds of the Schwarze Pump power station .

End of terrain 2016

From May 13, 2016 to May 15, 2016, several hundred opponents of lignite blocked several railway lines of the coal railway to the Schwarze Pump power plant as part of the worldwide action week "# breakfree2016", which ran in Lusatia under the slogan End of Terrain 2016 . On May 15, 2016, the premises of the Schwarze Pump power station were stormed, fences being torn down and safety devices damaged. It was only after a massive police operation that the coal opponents fled from the power plant site. The actions originally scheduled to run until May 16, 2016 were declared over on May 15, 2016 at around 4 p.m.

End of terrain 2019

On November 30, 2019, activists blocked the coal supply from the Welzow-Süd opencast mine in the course of the actions in the Lusatian lignite mining district of Ende Terrain . However, unlike in the Jänschwalde power plant , these actions had no influence on the performance of the power plant units. The power plant site itself was protected by a massive police presence in order to avoid attacks like in 2016.

Shutdown of the black pump coal-fired power station

On January 16, 2020, the “ Commission for Growth, Structural Change and Employment ” decided to shut down the Schwarze Pump coal-fired power plant by the end of 2038 as part of the coal phase-out.

Pilot plant for CO 2 capture (2006-2014)

On the grounds of industrial parks Black pump in close proximity to the power plant was until 15 May 2014 Black pump, a by Vattenfall Europe built pilot plant for CO 2 capture by the oxyfuel process in operation.

This pilot plant had the following objectives:

  • Testing of CO 2 separation in a lignite-fired power plant using the oxyfuel process under variable conditions
  • Evidence of the feasibility, safety and efficiency of this process
  • Evaluation of the research results to develop the task of a CCS demonstration system
Black pump pilot plant with low CO 2 emissions
Black pump pilot plant with low CO 2 emissions at night
View of the CO 2 -emissionsarme pilot plant of the viewing platform of the power plant


The principle of CO 2 separation is based on compressing and liquefying the carbon dioxide produced during the combustion of coal. It should then be injected and stored underground and thus not contribute to global warming .

The groundbreaking ceremony took place on May 29, 2006 with the participation of Chancellor Angela Merkel and Matthias Platzeck , the then Prime Minister of Brandenburg. The boiler pressure test of the test system took place on December 12, 2007, and there were no complaints whatsoever. At the end of March 2008, successive test operations of the system began. The plant was officially commissioned on September 9, 2008 by Matthias Platzeck and the then President and CEO of the Vattenfall Group, Lars Josefsson . In 2008, the system was named a “Landmark in the Land of Ideas” by the “ Germany - Land of Ideas ” initiative .

The Vattenfall pilot plant was fired with pulverized lignite and had a thermal output of 30 MW. The demand for lignite dust was about 5.2 t / h, the demand for oxygen about 10 t / h. At full production, approx. 9 t / h of CO 2 were separated in liquid form. The degree of CO 2 separation was> 90%. The pilot plant did not generate electricity, but indirectly provided up to max. 40 t / h process steam is available for the briquette factory located in the Schwarze Pump industrial park . Existing pipe systems at the Schwarze Pump power plant were also used for this purpose. The construction price of the plant was around 80 million euros.

24 operating personnel ( three-shift operation ) and ten technical service employees were responsible for operating the system . They were accompanied by ten employees from Vattenfall's internal research department and 16 external employees from research departments.

During the almost five-year test phase with around 19,200 operating hours, 11,760 hours of which in oxyfuel operation, 10,650 tons of CO 2 were separated. The CO 2 purity was 99.7%.

In May 2011, special vehicles were used to deliver CO 2 to the Ketzin storage project , where 1510 t of CO 2 were transported to underground storage facilities.

During the operating phase, 12,000 visitors from 60 countries visited the pilot plant, including students and teachers from 29 German and twelve international universities .

The last extraction of process steam from the pilot plant with CO 2 separation took place on May 15, 2014. Since August 1, 2014, the pilot plant has belonged to "Vattenfall Europe Generation". On August 16, 2014, the pipeline systems (steam and condensate lines) between the pilot plant and the Schwarze Pump power plant were disconnected. The official shutdown took place on September 1, 2014.

Participating companies

The following companies were responsible for the construction and operation of this research facility for the most important components:


  • The plant was described by environmentalists as the “fig leaf” of the energy company and criticized as too expensive. In their opinion, the same amount of money could have a greater impact on reducing global warming by investing in more effective energy generation and use.
  • By injunction by the Berlin Regional Court on December 5, 2007, Vattenfall Europe is prohibited from continuing the oxyfuel pilot plant at the Schwarze Pump site as “the world's first pilot plant for a CO 2 -free (lignite) power plant” and / or “the world's first Research facility for a CO 2 -free (lignite) power plant ”. Infringements against it will be punished with fines or custody. A photovoltaic operator from Berlin had sued .
  • After an oral hearing before the Berlin Regional Court in March 2008, the temporary injunction on the use of the term “CO 2 -free power plant” has been considerably restricted in its use, but has not yet been revoked. Vattenfall is only allowed to use the term if it is stated at the same time that there is no 100 percent separation of the carbon dioxide produced by the power plant process and that the carbon dioxide produced still has to be treated for safe transport and subsequent final storage.

Planned follow-up project for a large-scale plant (2014)

With the results and knowledge gained in the pilot plant, an existing power plant boiler with a thermal output of 640 MW (250 MW electrical) in the Jänschwalde power plant was to be replaced by a new building using the oxyfuel process from 2015 . This system would have received 180 million euros in funding from the European Energy Program for Recovery. This power plant was intended to bring the technology used here to large-scale series production. On December 5, 2011, Vattenfall's Germany boss Tuomo Hatakka in Cottbus announced the official exit for the CCS demo project in Jänschwalde. The CCS test facility in Schwarze Pump was not affected by this phase-out and was continued.

On April 9, 2014, it was announced that Vattenfall is decommissioning the CCS pilot plant and completely dismantling it. The political framework in Germany is cited as the reason for this. The know-how gained is now to be used further by the Canadian company SaskPower in Canada , with which Vattenfall signed a corresponding cooperation agreement on April 8, 2014 . The collaboration between SaskPower and Vattenfall is set for five years. SaskPower will use the knowledge gained in Schwarze Pump in Block 3 of the Boundary Dam demonstration power plant in Estevan in the province of Saskatchewan. For this purpose, an existing power plant block was converted into a 300 MW clean coal plant.

See also

Web links

Commons : Black Pump Power Plant  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Vattenfall sells lignite business to Czech EPH. In: Spiegel Online , April 18, 2016.
  2. Simone Wendler : Change of ownership from Vattenfall to EPH in the Lausitz area. In: Lausitzer Rundschau , September 30, 2016, archived from the original on November 4, 2016 ; accessed on January 24, 2017 .
  3. ^ EPH supervision-board-takeover-meeting-Vattfall. In: rbb24 , October 11, 2016.
  4. Recycled waste quantities in the Schwarze Pump power plant , Federal Environment Agency
  5. Fine dust sources and damage caused , Federal Environment Agency (Dessau)
  6. ^ Emissions from the Schwarze Pump power station , Federal Environment Agency
  7. LEAG ensures network restoration and power supply in the event of a crisis . Homepage LEAG
  8. EnWG capacity reserve , accessed on May 2, 2020
  9. Federal Network Agency power plant list (nationwide; all network and transformer levels) as of March 7, 2019. ( XLSX ; 764 kB) Federal Network Agency , accessed on November 7, 2019 .
  10. Climate activists commit serious breach of the peace In: Lausitzer Rundschau
  11. End of the terrain demonstrators are pushing a YouTube video into the Schwarze Pump power plant
  12. Activists cut off supplies from lignite power station. In: Free Press
  13. Simone Wendler: Coal replenishment according to Black Pump free again. In: Lausitzer Rundschau , May 15, 2016, archived from the original on November 10, 2018 ; accessed on November 7, 2019 .
  14. Protests-Kohlerevier-Lausitz In: MDR Sachsen from November 30, 2019
  15. Energie , accessed on January 17, 2020
  16. Hope rests on Black Pump. In: The world
  17. Info sheet: The Black Pump CCS pilot plant - 5 years of research focused on climate protection , April 2014, publisher: Lignite Mining & Generation
  18. Vattenfall: CSS power plant is not just CO2-free
  19. Employee newspaper “terravatt” of Vattenfall Europe AG, April 2008 edition, category: Answers to readers' mail
  20. Demonstration planned in Jänschwalde. Retrieved June 30, 2010 (English).
  21. CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS). (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on May 6, 2010 ; accessed on June 30, 2010 (English).
  22. Simone Wendler, Christian Taubert: Cottbus: Exit or detour to the CCS power plant? In: Lausitzer Rundschau , December 6, 2011, archived from the original on January 8, 2014 ; accessed on November 7, 2019 .
  23. Simone Wendler: Vattenfall relies on CCS power plant in Canada. In: Lausitzer Rundschau , April 9, 2014, archived from the original on April 2, 2018 ; accessed on November 7, 2019 .