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Taoiseach Micheál Martin (2020)
Acting Taoiseach
Micheál Martin
since June 27, 2020
Salutation Taoiseach (English)
A Thaoisigh (Irish)
was standing Head of government
member of Parliament (Lower House of Parliament)
Council of State
European Council
Responsible to Dáil Éireann
Official seat Government Buildings ,
Dublin , IrelandIrelandIreland 
Nominator Dáil Éireann
Professional president
Term of office No fixed term of office
Inaugural Office Holder Éamon de Valera
Creation of office December 29, 1937
Last choice June 27, 2020
Deputy Tánaiste
wage € 192,233
Website www.taoiseach.ie

Taoiseach  [ t̪iːʃəx ] (plural: Taoisigh [⁠ t̪iːʃiː ⁠] , [⁠ t̪iːʃɪg ⁠] ) is the Irish-language title of the Irish Government or the Prime Minister. The word appears in German sometimes with the Irish definite article to Taoiseach . Please click to listen!Play

The Taoiseach is nominated by the Irish House of Representatives ( Dáil Éireann ), then determined by the Irish President and required to remain in office, the Dáil's trust. The incumbent Taoiseach has been Micheál Martin , a member of the Fianna Fáil party , since June 27, 2020 .


According to the Irish Constitution , the Taoiseach must be nominated by the House of Representatives (Dáil Éireann) of Parliament. In the event that the Taoiseach loses the Dáil's trust, there are two options. He can either resign or try to convince the President to dissolve the Dáil. The President can refuse this request and thus force the Taoiseach to resign. However, such a situation has not yet occurred. The Dáil can withdraw trust from the Taoiseach by a successful vote of no confidence , a failed vote of confidence, or by refusing to support. In the event of resignation, the resigned Taoiseach continues to exercise the offices until a successor is appointed.

The Taoiseach nominates the members of its government, who are then appointed by the president with the approval of the Dáil. The Taoiseach has the option to expel members from the cabinet. Among the ministers who were "discharged" were figures such as Charles J. Haughey and Neil Blaney in 1970, Brian Lenihan in 1990 and Albert Reynolds , Pádraig Flynn and Máire Geoghegan-Quinn in 1991. He is responsible for the nomination of eleven members of the Irish House of Lords , of the Seanad Éireann .


Word origin

The words Taoiseach and Tánaiste (title of Vice Prime Minister) both come from the Irish language and have pre-medieval origins. Although the Taoiseach is described in the constitution as "head of government or prime minister", the original meaning of the word was "leader" or "chief". The old Irish form is toísech , too old Irish tuus , "guidance".

The earliest known evidence of the term comes from a bilingual inscription from Wales dating from the 5th or 6th century, where it is used identically in both archaic Irish in Ogham script and in British language in Latin script (TOVISACI, genitive to tovisacos ) becomes.

The Irish form of address is a Thaoisigh [ əˈhiːʃiː ] or [ əˈhiːʃɪg ].

Modern history

The office of Taoiseach was created by the Irish Constitution in 1937 and replaced the position of Chairman of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State , although the two offices differed in some fundamental ways. The chairman of the executive council had far fewer powers as he could neither dismiss individual ministers (only the cabinet as a whole) nor dissolve the lower house.

There have been multi-party governments in Ireland in the past - in one such case the Taoiseach (with one exception) was always the leader of the strongest ruling party. The exception was John A. Costello, who held office as a compromise proposal instead of Richard Mulcahy (chairman of Fine Gael), as Mulcahy was not supported by the other governing parties.

List of Taoisigh

# Surname Political party
1. Éamon de Valera December 29, 1937 February 18, 1948 Fianna Fáil
2. John A. Costello February 18, 1948 June 13, 1951 Fine Gael
Éamon de Valera June 13, 1951 June 2, 1954 Fianna Fáil
John A. Costello June 2, 1954 March 20, 1957 Fine Gael
Éamon de Valera March 20, 1957 June 23, 1959 Fianna Fáil
3. Seán Lemass June 23, 1959 November 10, 1966 Fianna Fáil
4th Jack Lynch November 10, 1966 March 14, 1973 Fianna Fáil
5. Liam Cosgrave March 14, 1973 5th July 1977 Fine Gael
Jack Lynch 5th July 1977 December 11, 1979 Fianna Fáil
6th Charles J. Haughey December 11, 1979 June 30, 1981 Fianna Fáil
7th Garret FitzGerald June 30, 1981 March 9, 1982 Fine Gael
Charles J. Haughey March 9, 1982 December 14, 1982 Fianna Fáil
Garret FitzGerald December 14, 1982 March 10, 1987 Fine Gael
Charles J. Haughey March 10, 1987 February 11, 1992 Fianna Fáil
8th. Albert Reynolds February 11, 1992 December 15, 1994 Fianna Fáil
9. John Bruton December 15, 1994 June 26, 1997 Fine Gael
10. Bertie Ahern June 26, 1997 May 6, 2008 Fianna Fáil
11. Brian Cowen May 7, 2008 March 9, 2011 Fianna Fáil
12. Enda Kenny March 9, 2011 June 13, 2017 Fine Gael
13. Leo Varadkar June 14, 2017 June 27, 2020 Fine Gael
14th Micheál Martin June 27, 2020 officiating Fianna Fáil


  1. This refusal ( Engl. Loss of Supply ) has not once taken place, the budget of the then government in January 1982 as the Dáil Fine Gael and Labor Party under Garret FitzGerald not approved. FitzGerald then asked President Patrick Hillery to dissolve the Dáil, which he approved.
  2. Article 13.1.1 and Article 28.5.1
  3. Sabine Ziegler: The language of the old Irish Ogam inscriptions , Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht , Göttingen, 1997, ISBN 3-525-26225-6 , p. 98.
  4. ^ John Thomas Koch, Celtic Culture: a Historical Encyclopedia, 2006, Volume 3, p. 1062