Theodor Kotschy

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Theodor Kotschy, 1863

Karl Georg Theodor Kotschy , also Carl , (born April 15, 1813 in Ustron , Austrian Silesia , † June 11, 1866 in Vienna ) was an Austrian botanist , explorer and plant collector . He brought back over 300,000 plant specimens from his travels, mostly to the Orient. Its official botanical author's abbreviation is " Kotschy ".


Theodor Kotschy is the son of the evangelical theologian, educator and botanist Carl Friedrich Kotschy . 1836–1838 Kotschy accompanied Joseph Russegger on his research trip to Cilicia , Syria , Egypt and Sudan . In 1839 he visited Kordofan again , in 1840 in Cyprus , in 1841 in Asia Minor . 1842–1843 he undertook an expedition to Persia , where he climbed the Damavand , after which he returned to Vienna via Erzurum , Trebizond and Constantinople . Further trips took him again to Egypt and Palestine in 1855, and to Cyprus, Asia Minor and Kurdistan in 1859 . In 1862 he traveled again to Cyprus and northern Syria.

Kotschy is considered to be the founder of oriental research in Austria. In 1857 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .


Numerous plant and animal species bear Kotschy's name, including the square crab ( Epixanthus kotschyi ) found on the island of Karak in the Persian Gulf and the Aegean bare-fingered gecko ( Mediodactylus kotschyi ). The plant genera Kotschya Endl. from the legume family (Fabaceae) and Kotschyella F.K.Mey. from the cruciferous family (Brassicaceae) is named after him.



Individual evidence

  1. This trip was probably made with the help of the Württemberg Natural History Travel Association . Source: Announcement of plants for sale by the Württemberg travel association . Nubian plants by Th. Kotschy, in: Intellektivenblatt zur Flora , 24th year, 1st part, 1841, p. 41, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D40~GB%3D~IA%3Dmobot31753002306865~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D .
  2. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names . Extended Edition. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Free University Berlin Berlin 2018. [1]

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