Titus Maria hoarding
Titus Maria Horten OP (born August 9, 1882 in Elberfeld , today a district of Wuppertal as Franz Aloysius Laurenz Friedrich Horten , † January 25, 1936 in Oldenburg ) was a German Dominican and Catholic priest . The beatification process has started.
Franz Horten comes from a deeply religious family. He was born as the son of the then public prosecutor and later Reich judge Anton Hubert Horten (1838–1903) and his wife Sidonie Sophie Eugenie, b. Kreuser, born. After the death of the father, his mother entered the Order of the Visitation of Mary ( Salesian Sisters ). One of his five brothers became a priest , the older Paul Anton Carl Peter (1875–1925) joined the Dominicans and took the religious name Timotheus Maria. His two sisters also became religious . Another brother of Titus was the orientalist Max Horten . Department store founder Helmut Horten (his godchild) is one of his nephews .
He was baptized in the name of Franz . He attended elementary schools in Frankfurt am Main and Leipzig , where his father worked at the Imperial Court . As a high school student he studied from 1893 at the Collegium Albertinum of the German Dominicans in Venlo. His brothers already spent their school days there. For health reasons, he passed his Abitur in 1902 at the humanistic Thomas School in Leipzig . He was considered the average student.
His mother wanted her son to study theology . However, he chose English and French and enrolled at the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Leipzig . He had further study stays at the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster , the University of Grenoble , the University of London and the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn . In 1909 he received his doctorate as Dr. phil. with a thesis on The Defoes Language at the University of Bonn. At the place where he was doing his doctorate, he presumably founded the St.
After careful consideration, he decided on the religious profession. In 1909 he joined the Dominicans in Vechta and was given the religious name Titus Maria . He donated his considerable inheritance to a charitable cause. In 1910 he began studying philosophy and theology at the Dominican monastery in Düsseldorf. In 1913 he made his solemn profession . In the same year he went to Rome and was ordained a priest there in 1915 . He then returned to Düsseldorf and worked in the monastery, which had meanwhile been converted into a hospital for disabled people. In 1917 he passed the confessional exam.
Then he became a teacher at the religious and missionary school of Dominicans in Vechta, today's College of St. Thomas put in Füchtel. He began his educational work under the direction of his friar Laurentius Siemer . He taught modern foreign languages and acted as a spiritual and confessor . 1919/1920 and from 1921 to 1927 he was procurator of the mission school. From 1927 to 1933 he was prior of the monastery. From 1923 until his death he was director of the newly founded Albertus Magnus Verlag. This published a religious magazine, tracts, books and calendars. At the same time he was from 1927 General Procurator for the China Mission of the Order.
As a result of the takeover of the Nazis in 1933, the situation for the Order worsened considerably. In 1935 the Gestapo searched the offices of the publisher. After Father Laurentius Siemer in Cologne and Thomas Stuhlweissenburg in Düsseldorf had previously been imprisoned, they also took Father Titus with them. Because of alleged foreign exchange offenses they interned him first in the Vechta men's prison and later in the Oldenburg court prison. After his conviction there on November 4, 1935 in a show trial (in the so-called foreign exchange trials ), to two years in prison and a fine of 70,000 Reichsmarks, Horten was able to obtain one of the extremely rare acquittals during this series of trials against priests in an appeal hearing, but died even before his release from the Peter Friedrich Ludwigs Hospital under unexplained circumstances, probably from the consequences of solitary confinement and malnutrition . The prison chaplain Heinrich Grafenhorst had previously been able to donate the sacraments to him.
More than 6,000 believers attended his funeral in Vechta.
The Catholic Church honors him on January 25th, the day of the conversion of the Apostle Paul . In 1948, the Bishop of Münster Michael Keller opened the diocesan beatification process . In 2004, Father Titus was awarded the heroic degree of virtue . From now on he can be called a venerable servant of God . In 1954 his remains were transferred from the city cemetery to the Dominican church in Füchtel. Around 50,000 people attended this ceremony.
- Studies on Defoe's Language. Dissertation, Hanstein Verlag, Bonn 1914.
- Excerpts from letters from Dr. Titus M. Horten OP Albertus Magnus Verlag, Vechta 1937.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz: Titus Maria Horten. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 2, Bautz, Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-032-8 , Sp. 1068-1069.
- Hans Schlömer: Horten, Franz (Father Titus Maria OP). In: Hans Friedl u. a. (Ed.): Biographical manual for the history of the state of Oldenburg . Edited on behalf of the Oldenburg landscape. Isensee, Oldenburg 1992, ISBN 3-89442-135-5 , p. 325 f. ( Link to PDF ).
- Rainer Maria Groothuis: In the service of a supranational power - The German Dominicans under the Nazi dictatorship. Regensberg, Münster 2002, ISBN 3-7923-0754-5 , pp. 287-298 and 301-312.
- Michael Hirschfeld, Anna Maria Zumholz: Oldenburg's priests under Nazi terror 1932–1945. Everyday rulership in milieu and diaspora. Aschendorff, Münster 2006, ISBN 3-402-02492-6 , pp. 286-299.
- Ulrich Schulte (Ed.): P. Titus Horten OP. A religious in the Third Reich. (Dominican sources and testimonials, Volume 12), St. Benno Verlag, Leipzig 2008, ISBN 3-7462-2419-5 .
- Ludger Fortmann: Father Titus Horten (1882-1936). Herder, Freiburg i. Br. / Basel / Vienna 2015, ISBN 978-3-451-33749-9 .
- Literature by and about Titus Maria Horten in the catalog of the German National Library
- Titus Maria Horten in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints
- Father Titus Horten on the homepage of the Dominicans in Vechta
- Thomas Mollen: Spiritual, Prior and Publishing Director at the Catholic online magazine kirchensite.de
- Bernt Engelmann : The power on the Rhine. My friends, the money giants. The old wealth. Volume 1, W. Goldmann, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-442-06649-2 , p. 85.
- Richard Sachse, Karl Ramshorn, Reinhart Herz: The teachers of the Thomasschule in Leipzig 1832-1912. The high school graduates of the Thomas School in Leipzig 1845–1912. BG Teubner Verlag, Leipzig 1912, p. 106.
- Paulus Engelhardt, Willehad Paul Eckert: The German Dominicans in the "Third Reich" (PDF; 207 kB), p. 4.
- Titus Maria Horten in the memorial book for the Nazi victims from Wuppertal , accessed on July 7, 2020.
- Beatrix Herlemann , Karl-Ludwig Sommer: Resistance, everyday opposition and persecution under National Socialism in Lower Saxony. A literature and research overview . In: Niedersächsisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte , vol. 60 (1988), pp. 229–298, here p. 245.
- Table of contents of the studies on Defoe's language (PDF)
|SURNAME||Hoarding, Titus Maria|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Horten, Franz Aloysius Laurenz Friedrich (original name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German Dominican and Catholic priest|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 9, 1882|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Elberfeld , now part of Wuppertal|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 25, 1936|
|Place of death||Oldenburg|