Grand Prix season 1946
In the first racing season after World War II , with the exception of the 500-mile race in Indianapolis , no Grandes Épreuves were held. In addition to the races listed here, a few smaller, national races were held.
Although the International Grand Prix racing formula adopted for 1938 by the newly renamed International Automobile Federation FIA (formerly AIACR ) was nominally extended until the end of 1946, this had practically no effect on racing in Europe. As no Grandes Épreuves had been scheduled for this year , the race organizers were free to specify the technical and sporting provisions for their races themselves.
According to the available racing car stock - the German racing teams from Daimler-Benz and Auto Union with their thoroughbred Grand Prix racing cars were no longer allowed to compete - in addition to some ancient models, a combination of the previous ones, especially those in Italy and Great Britain, increasingly crystallized popular Voiturette category (race cars to 1.5 liters with compressor) and widespread in France racing sports cars with naturally aspirated engines to 4.5-liter displacement as the standard out of the FIA finally for 1947 official also on the new Grand Prix formula determined has been.
In contrast to the pre-war Grand Prix races, in 1946 the cars were mainly driven on closed public roads or in parks in or near the city center. The main reason for this was the persistent problem that, in times of persistent driving bans and general fuel shortages, it was hardly possible to transport large numbers of the public to the routes except on foot or by bike. Despite these adversities, the public's hunger for motorsport as a means of diversion and entertainment was generally great after the hard years of war.
After a first, practically purely French race had already been held last year in the Bois de Boulogne in Paris , the 1946 Grand Prix of Nice marked the actual start of international motor sport in the post-war era. Here, as in the subsequent races, were with Luigi Villoresi and Raymond Sommer initially set the tone for the pilots of the new Scuderia Milan . This team had acquired a whole series of Maserati 4CLs in order to make them available to wealthy drivers for a fee with the support of the main plant in Modena .
Jean-Pierre Wimille was also very successful in this phase , with an Alfa Romeo Tipo 308 from 1938 - practically the only "full-fledged" Grand Prix racing car far and wide - compared to the previously less powerful Voiturette racing car from Maserati Had an advantage and crossed the finish line as the winner in at least three races. These performances had then probably owe it Wimille that he soon afterwards even works team of Alfa Romeo was taken that six of her souped 1.5-liter Alfa Romeo Tipo 158 "Alfetta" had saved about the war and from mid-1946 active motorsport again. At the beginning of the race in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud, however, the racing team, which is used to success, suffered a serious defeat when both Wimille and long-time regular driver Giuseppe Farina had to give up the fight with a defective clutch prematurely, so that Raymond Sommer up again the Maserati came to success.
In order to avoid another such defeat, the team decided to always compete in sufficient strength with four cars each, but - not least because of the comparatively extremely high cost of operating such a top team - only to really important "big" racing events . At the so-called Nations Grand Prix of Geneva, Farina and Wimille, pre-war star Achille Varzi, who had recovered from his drug addiction, and the proven gentlemen's driver Carlo Felice Trossi sat at the wheel of their Alfettas . Farina and Trossi promptly achieved a double success here, which Varzi and Wimille achieved in the most important race of the season in Valentino Park in Turin - the first race ever to be held according to the provisions of the new Grand Prix racing formula officially only valid from 1947 - could repeat again.
However, there was a great rivalry between the Alfa Romeo drivers, so that there were repeated serious conflicts within the team. In Turin, Wimille Varzi made it all too clear - and on top of that clearly recognizable for the audience - that he actually believed himself to be the faster driver, contrary to the team orders given in favor of his stable mate . In order to avoid major damage to the team, Alfa Romeo decided to forego the services of the French as a precaution during the race in the Simplonpark in Milan . There, however, it was Farina who, out of annoyance at the fact that Alfa Romeo race director Giovanbattista Guidotti had ordered him to reset his car behind Trossi and Varzi, unceremoniously parked his car during the race, which promptly resulted in his dismissal from the team.
At the race in Albi , France , despite his deteriorating physical condition, the great pre-war star Tazio Nuvolari was able to put himself on the list of winners in an international race for the last time in a Maserati 4CL.
The first Formula 1 race?
In some publications the Gran Premio del Valentino of 1946 in Turin is described as the first race “according to Formula 1 rules”. It is correct that the technical regulations specified by the organizer in the invitation to tender corresponded to those of the later International Grand Prix formula , which officially came into force in 1947. However, the term Formula 1 only came into use when it became necessary to differentiate between this racing formula, which continues to apply, and the new second international racing formula adopted for 1948 - accordingly later referred to as Formula 2 . If you focus purely on this terminology, the Grand Prix de Pau on March 29, 1948 should formally be considered the first “Formula 1 race”.
|1||05/30||Indianapolis 500||Indianapolis||George Robson ( Adams - Sparks )||statistics|
Grand Prix de Nice
|1||Luigi Villoresi||Maserati||2: 00.04.6 h|
|2||Raymond Summers||Alfa Romeo||+ 1 lap|
|3||Eugène Chaboud||Delahaye||+ 4 rounds|
Coupe René Le Bègue
|1||Raymond Summers||Maserati||1: 20.37.7 h|
|2||Louis Chiron||Talbot||+ 1 lap|
|3||Robert Mazaud||Maserati||+ 1 lap|
It was won by Raymond Sommer , possibly the best driver of the year.
Grand Prix d'Albi
|1||Tazio Nuvolari||Maserati||1: 55.45.6 h|
|2||Henri Louveau||Maserati||+ 1 lap|
|3||"Raph"||Maserati||+ 1 lap|
Grand Prix des Nations
|1||Giuseppe Farina||Alfa Romeo||1: 15.49.4 h|
|2||Carlo Felice Trossi||Alfa Romeo||+ 1.11.5 min|
|3||Jean-Pierre Wimille||Alfa Romeo||+ 1 lap|
Gran Premio del Valentino
|1||Achille Varzi||Alfa Romeo||2: 35.45.8 h|
|2||Jean-Pierre Wimille||Alfa Romeo||+ 0.5 s|
|3||Raymond Summers||Maserati||+ 2 rounds|
In the Parco del Valentino in the middle of Turin , the pilots met again on September 1, 1946 for the Gran Premio del Valentino . This Grand Prix was the first to try to standardize the cars with new rules. The guidelines were formula A called. The term Formula 1 later developed from this .
- In various publications, the races of St. Cloud, Lausanne and Turin for 1946 are named as Grandes Épreuves . The origin for this is apparently a formerly unfortunate formulation on http://www.kolumbus.fi/leif.snellman/gpw4.htm#GRA , which has now been corrected.