University of London
|University of London
|place||London , UK|
|Chancellor||Anne Mountbatten-Windsor, Princess Royal , Wendy Thomson (Vice Chancellor)|
|Students||135,000 internal, 40,000 external (2006)|
The University of London ( English University of London ) is one of the oldest and largest university associations worldwide. The network is organized on a federal basis and currently consists of 18 independent colleges and 9 institutes . In total, over 170,000 students (internal and external) study at the universities of the University of London. The main office is based in Bloomsbury in the London Borough of Camden . Russell Square (London Underground) is nearby . The individual colleges are spread across the city.
Understanding the structure
The two classic English universities, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge , are organized on a federal basis: They are made up of colleges that are not faculties, but rather self-governing units that provide canteens, student apartments and sports teams, for example. but also take on part of the teaching. This model formed the model when the University of London was founded. Over time, however, this developed in such a way that the autonomy of the individual colleges there extends significantly further than in Oxford or Cambridge; for example, in London most colleges have the authority to organize their own courses and award degrees, while in Oxford and Cambridge final exams and degrees are awarded by the university. The individual colleges of the University of London are therefore practically autonomous universities (many of them world-class, e.g. London School of Economics , King's College London , University College London , Queen Mary University of London ) and the University of London is its umbrella organization.
There are also universities in London that are completely independent and do not belong to the University of London. Examples are Imperial College London , which was part of the University of London until 2007, and the University of Roehampton , which was never part of the University of London.
The federal character of the University of London is inherent in the fact that the number of participating colleges and institutes changes. Nevertheless, the resignation of Imperial College on its 100th anniversary recently caused a stir. The college was one of the most prestigious within the University of London. After the resignation of Imperial College, 19 independent colleges and 12 institutes are still part of the university.
The University of London was founded in 1836 by Royal Charter , but some colleges had already existed as independent institutions, such as Heythrop, founded in Belgium in 1614. The first colleges to be established were King's College and University College.
Colleges & Institutes
- Birkbeck, University of London (BBK)
- Central School of Speech and Drama (RCSSD)
- City, University of London (CUL)
- Courtauld Institute of Art (CIA)
- Goldsmiths, University of London (GUL)
- Heythrop College (HEY)
- The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR)
- King's College London (KCL)
- London Business School (LBS)
- London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
- London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
- Queen Mary, University of London (QMUL)
- Royal Academy of Music (RAM)
- Royal Holloway, University of London (RHUL)
- Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
- School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)
- St George's, University of London , formerly St George's Hospital Medical School
- University College London (UCL)
- School of Advanced Study
- University of London Institute in Paris
- University of London International Programs (Distance Learning)
Some colleges have been merged with larger colleges:
- Bedford College , Inner Circle, Regent's Park - now: part of Royal Holloway, University of London,
- Chelsea College of Science and Technology , Hortensia Road, Chelsea - now: part of King's College,
- Queen Elizabeth College , Campden Hill Road, Kensington - now: part of King's College,
- St Thomas' Hospital Medical School - now: part of King's College School of Medicine and Dentistry and
- Westfield College , Kidderpore Avenue, Hampstead - now: part of Queen Mary, University of London.
Some have left the university:
- Imperial College London - left the University of London in July 2007,
- Royal Postgraduate Medical School - now: Part of the Imperial College School of Medicine as well
- Wye College (see: Wye , Kent ).
The following university was closed:
- New College London - closed in 1980
The individual colleges of the University of London have their own buildings spread out across the city of London. This is also where the courses take place. The university administration is headquartered in the Senate House, built between 1932 and 1937 in what was then Bloomsbury, not far from the British Museum . It housed the Ministry of Information (United Kingdom) during World War II when the University of London was evacuated . Since this ministry was in charge of censorship and propaganda during the war and George Orwell's wife Eileen was employed there, it is widely believed that the imposing building inspired Orwell's depiction of the Ministry of Truth in his 1984 novel .
- List of IAU Members. In: iau-aiu.net. International Association of Universities, accessed August 21, 2019 .
- T. Tapper / D. Palfreyman: "The Collegial Tradition in the Age of Mass Higher Education". Springer 2010, p. 89.
- Paul Nicholson: Reviewing our intellectual ministry. Heythrop College's history and recent development . In: Jesuits & friends, No. 92 (Winter 2015), p. 17.
- ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Dan Hill: Journal: Senate House, University of London. In: www.cityofsound.com. November 21, 2003, accessed February 15, 2019 .