University of Manchester

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University of Manchester
motto Cognitio, sapientia, humanitas
founding 2004, at the merger of Victoria University of Manchester (founded 1851) and UMIST (founded 1824)
Sponsorship state
place Manchester , UK
Chair of the Board of Governors Edward M Astle
Students 39,700 (2017)
Employee 12,000 (2017)
including professors 2,505
Annual budget 987 million £ (2017)
Networks Russell group

The University of Manchester ( English The University of Manchester ; Latin Universitas Mancuniensis ) is a British university in Manchester in north-west England . With around 40,000 students, almost 500 courses, over 10,000 teaching staff and an annual budget equivalent to nearly a billion euros, it is one of the largest universities in the UK and receives more applications from students than any other institution in the country. The Sunday Times , according to Manchester has an "impressive reputation that spans many subjects, particularly in the natural , life , engineering , economic and Humanities ". The university also includes the Manchester Law School (founded 1872), the Manchester Medical School (founded 1874) and the Manchester Business School (founded 1965). The latter, together with its counterpart in London, was the first business school to offer MBA courses in Great Britain and, according to the Financial Times, is one of the 25 best in the world.

Today's University of Manchester was formed in 2004 from the merger of the Victoria University of Manchester (founded in 1851 as Owens College , since 1880 university with Royal Charter ) and the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) (founded 1824) and is Member of the elite network Russell Group . The University of Manchester was named University of the Year 2006 . This followed the Times Higher Education Supplement's University of the Year award in 2005. In the 2008 Academic Ranking of World Universities , Manchester is named fifth best university in England and sixth best in Europe.

The university offers numerous courses. During its 200-year history, the University of Manchester produced many pioneers and scientists, including 25 Nobel Prize winners , with groundbreaking innovations and discoveries: In Manchester, among other things, an atomic nucleus was split for the first time , with which the Manchester Mark I developed and developed one of the first computers the neoclassical economic theory founded by William Stanley Jevons . Former professors include John Dalton (founder of modern chemistry), Bernard Lovell (pioneer of radio astronomy ), Hans Geiger (inventor of the Geiger counter ), Alan Turing (father of computer science and artificial intelligence ), John Richard Hicks (economist and author of welfare Theory ), Ludwig Wittgenstein (philosopher), Paul Erdős (one of the most important mathematicians of the 20th century) and Anthony Burgess (famous English writer).

Since 1886 Manchester has fought in numerous sports with the universities of Liverpool and Leeds for the " Christie Cup ", which is considered to be the oldest university comparison after the Oxford-Cambridge duels. The three universities from the 19th century operated together as " Victoria University " in the early years , and this sporting comparison of these three northern English universities has been preserved to this day.

Alumni, famous faculty and students

Main building of the City-Campus (former UMIST Campus)

Nobel Prize Winner

  • Joseph John Thomson (Physics 1906), for his research on the electrical conductivity of gases (discovered the electron ).
  • Ernest Rutherford (Chemistry 1908), for his research on radioactive substances (split the atom )
  • William Lawrence Bragg (Physics 1915, together with his father, William Henry Bragg ), for his contribution to the study of crystal structures using X-rays.
  • Niels Bohr (Physik 1922), for his contribution to research into the structure of atoms and the radiation emitted by them.
  • Archibald Vivian Hill (Medicine 1922) for his discoveries in the field of heat generation in muscles.
  • Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (Physics 1927) for the development of the Wilson cloud chamber named after him for the detection of ionizing radiation
  • Arthur Harden (Chemie 1929) for his research on sugar fermentation and the role of enzymes in this process.
  • James Chadwick (Physics 1935) for discovering the neutron .
  • Walter Norman Haworth (Chemistry 1937), for his research on carbohydrates and vitamin C.
  • George de Hevesy (Chemistry 1943), for his work on isotopes.
  • Robert Robinson (Chemie 1947), for his research on biologically important plant products, especially alkaloids.
  • Patrick Blackett (Physics 1948), for the further development of the application of Wilson's cloud chamber and the discoveries he made with it in the field of nuclear physics and cosmic rays.
  • Sir John Cockcroft (Physics 1951), for his pioneering work in the field of atomic nucleus transformation by artificially accelerated atomic particles.
  • Alexander Robertus Todd (Chemistry 1957), for his fundamental work on the group of nucleotides and nucleotide coenzymes, their construction principle and chemical function.
  • Melvin Calvin (Chemistry 1961), for his research on carbon dioxide assimilation in plants.
  • Hans Bethe (Physics 1967) for his contribution to the theory of nuclear reactions.
  • John Hicks (Economics 1974), for his pioneering work on general equilibrium theory and welfare theory .
  • Nevill Francis Mott (Physics 1977), for the basic theoretical achievements on electronic structure in magnetic and disordered systems.
  • Sir William Arthur Lewis (Economics 1979) for his pioneering work on economic progress in developing countries.
  • John C. Polanyi (Chemistry 1986), for his contribution to the dynamics of elementary chemical processes.
  • Michael Smith (Chemie 1993), for his fundamental contributions to the establishment of oligonucleotide-based, site-specific mutagenesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and its development for protein studies.
  • Joseph E. Stiglitz (Wirtschaft 2001), for his analysis of the markets with asymmetrical information. Former Senior Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank . He is currently a professor at Columbia University and directs the Brooks World Poverty Institute (BWPI) at the University of Manchester.
  • John E. Sulston (Medicine 2002) for his research in the area of ​​the genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death. Starting in 2007, Sir Sulston will teach in the Manchester School of Life Sciences.
  • Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov (Physik 2010), for their fundamental work on graphene , a modification of carbon.


John Ryland's Library at Deansgate


Atrium of the Manchester Business School (MBS) East building
Boulder on the university campus


The Stephen Joseph Studio , or German Protestant Church

See also


Web links

Commons : University of Manchester  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. a b c d The University of Manchester - Facts and Figures 2017. (PDF) The University of Manchester, Division of Communications and Marketing, 2017, accessed on February 8, 2017 .
  3. Manchester unites to target world league. Sunday Times, accessed May 13, 2007 .
  4. Financial Times Ranking (PDF, English; 63 kB)
  5. ^ Sunday Times University of the Year. University press release, accessed April 25, 2007 .
  6. Top 500 World Universities 1-100. (No longer available online.) Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2008, archived from the original on August 22, 2008 ; Retrieved October 10, 2008 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. ^ The University of Manchester - Our Nobel Prize winners. The University of Manchester, 2015, accessed July 19, 2015 .
  8. A gift from Richard Copley Christie, lawyer and book collector

Coordinates: 53 ° 27 ′ 56 "  N , 2 ° 14 ′ 1"  W