Kutzenberg tower hill
|Kutzenberg tower hill|
|Creation time :||Medieval, castle nobility first mentioned around 1110|
|Castle type :||Niederungsburg, moth|
|Conservation status:||Castle stable, tower hill with rampart and moat preserved|
|Standing position :||Ministerial Headquarters|
|Place:||Ebensfeld - Kutzenberg|
The Tower Hill Kutzenberg is the residue of a dialed Turmhügelburg (moth) on the southern edge of the village of the same Kutzenberg , a local part of Ebensfeld in Upper Franconian district of Lichtenfels in Bavaria , Germany , on the edge of Mainaue. Little information is known about this Niederungsburg , it is roughly dated as medieval and was probably built during the 12th century at the latest. Only the tower hill has survived from the castle, the rest has been remodeled by modern buildings. The site is protected as a ground monument number D-4-5931-0016: Medieval tower hill .
This small castle, a ministerial seat of the bishopric of Bamberg , existed at least since the first quarter of the 12th century, because around 1110 a member of the local aristocracy was named for the first time with "Hartmout de Chozzinberge". The "Erchembert von Chozzenberg" mentioned around 1159 was also a Bamberg servant. The further fate of the castle is unknown. In the middle of the 19th century, among others, in 1842 by the archaeologist Karl Wilhelmi , the tower hill and the Hahnhof tower hill, which is located in the immediate vicinity, were called "pagan sacrificial hill" by the Frauendorf pastor Lukas Hermann. Wilhelmi also said that there were buildings on these sacrificial mounds in the Middle Ages, but Hermann rejected this because of the limited space: “Since the lower layers contain nothing at all, but in the upper layers with scorched earth and stones, along with a lot of medieval objects, it undeniably gives rise to heathen grave wreckage Days were transported, this phenomenon cannot be explained otherwise than that they were originally pagan sacrificial sites, and were also used as camp sites in the Middle Ages. ”The strata he describes, however, point all the more clearly to a medieval hilltop castle.
The castle site is slightly elevated at the end of a small side valley of the Main , which the Hetzengraben flows through. From the former tower hill castle on the east side of the Kutzenberger Gutshof only the tower hill itself has been preserved. This is circular and steeply sloped and is still four meters high, the diameter of the hill plateau is eleven meters. Due to the modern reshaping of the surrounding area, including road construction, a surrounding ditch or wall can no longer be identified. A ditch can only be assumed with some certainty against the rising slope on the south-east side of the complex , today a road runs there.
- Ingrid Burger-Segl: Archaeological Forays in Meranierland am Obermain - A guide to archaeological and monuments of the early and high Middle Ages . 2nd, improved and enlarged edition. District of Upper Franconia, Bayreuth 2006, ISBN 3-9804971-7-8 , pp. 79-81.
- Klaus Schwarz: The prehistoric and early historical monuments in Upper Franconia . (Material booklets on Bavarian prehistory, series B, volume 5). Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 1955, p. 154.
- Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation
- List of monuments for Ebensfeld (PDF) at the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation (PDF; 169 kB)
- Source history: Ingrid Burger-Segl: Archäologische Streifzüge im Meranierland am Obermain - A guide to archaeological and monuments of the early and high Middle Ages , p. 79 ff.
- Location of the tower hill in the Bavaria Atlas
- Source description: Ingrid Burger-Segl: Archäologische Streifzüge im Meranierland am Obermain - A guide to archaeological and monuments of the early and high Middle Ages , p. 79 and Klaus Schwarz: The prehistoric and early historical terrain monuments of Upper Franconia , p. 154