Görlitzer Bahnhof underground station
The underground station Görlitzer Bahnhof is a station of the U1 and U3 of the Berlin subway in the district Kreuzberg of the district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg . The high station , located on an elevated railway line , is located above the median of Skalitzer Strasse , east of its intersection with the Oranienstrasse - Wiener Strasse street . The station was originally called Oranienstraße , but was renamed in 1926 and since then has borne the name of the south-east Görlitz station, which was partially destroyed in World War II and decommissioned on May 30, 1951 by the Deutsche Reichsbahn . In the BVG station directory, the station is designated with the abbreviation Gr .
The high station was built from 1898 to 1901. The planned name was Görlitzer Bahnhof , and Oranien-Wiener-Straße was also considered. It was opened at the same time as the first line of the elevated and underground railway , but on February 18, 1902 under the name Oranienstrasse .
It is a type design by the design office of Siemens & Halske AG . The type designs were created by the designers Heinrich Schwieger (1846–1911) and Johannes Bousset (1865–1945) as unadorned engineering structures. On the eastern part of the main route , the Kottbusser Tor , Prinzenstrasse and Oranienstrasse stations were designed as simple iron scaffolding structures. The station has two side platforms on two parallel tracks , the western part is under a barrel roof . The originally 78.1 meter long platforms were extended to 107.6 meters in 1962 without a roof. At the western end of the station, in the middle under the elevated railway line, there is the east-facing, open access staircase. After a landing, it is divided into two glass-walled staircases on the sides, rotated by 180 degrees, which lead to the platforms.
Since 14 February 1926, the station was named after the nearby railway terminus of the railway Görlitz station (Orange Road) . The renaming took place at the request of the passengers. In 1982 the addition to the name Oranienstrasse was officially deleted, but remained on every second station sign.
At the end of 1981 the roof of the station was renewed.
The station played a central role in the May riots of 1987. After a street festival on Lausitzer Platz to the north, street fights broke out between the police and militant leftists , during which the train station was also set on fire. Hundreds of people drummed on the cast iron struts of the elevated railway for hours. Overall, the station was so badly damaged that it had to be closed for weeks.
At the Görlitzer Bahnhof underground station, you can change from the U1 and U3 lines to two bus lines operated by the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe. These are the Metrobus line M29, which runs from Roseneck via Kochstraße to Neukölln to Hermannplatz , and the night bus line N1 from Warschauer Straße via Kurfürstenstraße to the Zoological Garden .
Skalitzer Strasse with Görlitzer Bahnhof underground station, view from the north-west, 1988
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
- BVG map of the station (PDF; 30 kB)
- Description of the eastern trunk line between Warschauer Straße and Gleisdreieck
- More station pictures on untergrundbahn.de
- on the history of the underground station
- Jürgen Meyer-Kronthaler: Berlin's subway stations . be.bra, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-930863-07-3 , pp. 97 .
- Johannes Bousset: The Berlin subway . Wilhelm Ernst and Son, Berlin 1935, p. 116 .
- Kurznachrichten in: Stadtverkehr 11–12 / 1981, p. 461.