University and State Library of Tyrol
|University and State Library of Tyrol|
|founding||May 22, 1745|
|Library type||University and State Library|
The University and State Library for Tyrol (ULB) is the largest scientific library in Western Austria and the central service provider for all teachers, researchers and students at the University of Innsbruck and the Medical University of Innsbruck . In addition to schools, educational institutions and universities from across the country, it also provides the general public with literature and information resources.
All Tyroleans can also borrow this inventory or use it on site. The library card and borrowing are free. The individual locations are networked with one another so that the borrowed media can be picked up and returned at all branches. It is also possible to have ULB holdings sent to the local public library throughout Tyrol via interlibrary loan.
There are around 200 public libraries across the Tyrol with around 91,200 users annually. and 1,200 volunteers. These are professionally supervised by ULB Tirol. The cooperation between the university and public libraries is unique throughout Austria. A cooperation agreement with the state of Tyrol from 2007 serves as the basis for this cooperation . In addition to the numerous personal discussions and consultations, the many advanced training events and the publication of the Tyrolean trade journal Bookmarks, the Tyrolean Library Day is one of the highlights of the local library system.
The library holdings of ULB Tirol include traditional printed media (old manuscripts and prints, monographs, magazines and newspapers) as well as electronic resources (e-journals, e-newspapers and e-books):
- 3,568,422 books and volumes,
- 24,600 licensed e-journals and e-newspapers
- 40,190 e-books
- 4,276 subscribed magazines and newspapers
- 90 databases
- 1,442 databases
- 186 computer workstations
- 358 opening days a year
(As of December 31, 2017).
With 160,000 volumes is the largest collection of is Tirolensien at the ULB Tirol.
ULB Tirol has a total of seven locations in the Innsbruck city area as well as an external magazine:
- Main library (Campus Innrain)
- Faculty library for social and economic sciences / SoWi library (Campus Universitätsstraße)
- Faculty Library for Theology (Campus Universitätsstraße)
- Library Center West (Technology Campus)
- Library House of Music Innsbruck (Universitätsstrasse 1)
- Atrium Library (Center for Ancient Cultures)
- Law Library (Campus Innrain)
The department for special collections looks after the handwritten and printed holdings prior to 1800, including 1067 manuscripts and 2122 incunabula . The oldest manuscript is the Innicher Gospels from around 900, the most famous Oswald von Wolkenstein's song manuscript B (1432). In 2005 a parchment codex (around 1300) was discovered which contains around 200 copies of letters and mandates from the Roman-German Emperor Friedrich II , his son Conrad IV and other personalities of the 13th century . About 130 documents from it were previously unknown to science.
Literary memory - special collection area Tyrolean
In its function as a regional library and depository copy office for Tyrolean publications, the ULB collects and makes literature from and about Tyrol, the so-called Tyrolean regions . The geographical framework within which the Tyrolensia are collected encompasses Tyrol within its borders before 1918, i. H. both the area of South Tyrol and Trentino are included. Since this right has no effect on foreign publications, South Tyrol and Trentino as well as all works published abroad or in other federal states with a Tyrol reference are purchased.
On May 22, 1745, the Innsbruck University Library was founded by a decree by Maria Theresa . As the “Bibliotheca publica”, it not only provided university members with literature, but was already open to the public back then. Anton Roschmann (1694–1760), the first librarian, had wrestled for the new library for years. The University of Innsbruck , founded in 1669 by Emperor Leopold I , had previously been poorly stocked with books. Therefore, Roschmann advocated that the holdings of Schloss Ambras and the Innsbruck Hofburg should be transferred to a new library . The library was officially opened on July 2, 1745. The systematic compilation and cataloging took place between 1784 and 1789 under the director Johann Baptist Primisser .
In 1924 the library moved from Universitätsstraße to the new building on Innrain, which houses the main library to this day and which was expanded from 1964 to 1967. When the building faculty library was founded in 1969, decentralization began. Further specialist and faculty libraries followed. The "University Organization Act 1975" stipulated that all literature available at the university forms the entire inventory of the university library and that specialist and faculty libraries are departments of the university library. In the course of the reorganization of the university and state library and the construction of a new reading room, a large part of the specialist and faculty libraries were integrated into the holdings of the university library and largely converted from reference libraries to magazine holdings, which in some cases met with harsh criticism from the scholars concerned.
The library has been called ULB since a cooperation agreement between Tyrol and the Leopold-Franzens University in 2007. According to this agreement, the state of Tyrol actively supports the role of the university library as the state library according to the means available.
- 1745–1760: Anton Roschmann
- 1760–1779: Johann Baptist Gasser
- 1779–1783: Karl Schwarzl
- 1784–1789: Johann Baptist Primisser
- 1789–1806: Martin Johann Wikosch
- 1806–1822: Johann Anton Bertholdi
- 1822–1828: Johann Albertini
- 1828–1832: Johann Friese
- 1832–1857: Martin Scherer
- 1858–1859: Ignaz Vinzenz Zingerle
- 1859–1866: Eduard Kögeler
- 1868–1874: Friedrich Leithe
- 1874–1881: Adalbert Jeitteles
- 1882–1903: Ludwig Hörmann von Hörbach
- 1903–1911: Anton Hittmair
- 1911–1922: Ludwig Sprung
- 1923–1933: Heinrich Pogatscher
- 1933–1950: Rudolf Flatscher
- 1951–1966: Josef Hofinger
- 1967–1990: Oswald Stranzinger
- 1991–1998: Walter Neuhauser
- 1999–2014: Martin Wieser
- 2014–2015: Elisabeth Frasnelli
- since 2016: Eva Ramminger
- Anton Hittmair: History of the Imperial and Royal University Library Innsbruck . In: Journal of the Ferdinandeum. NF 54 (1910), pp. 1-164.
- Josef Hofinger : The extension of the Innsbruck University Library 1964–1967 . In: Biblos 19 (1970), pp. 180-183.
- Dietmar Schuler: Innsbruck University Library and its staff in the decade before 1914 . Innsbruck, 1988.
- Walter Neuhauser / Eva Ramminger / Sieglinde Sepp (eds.): From Codex to Computer . 250 years of Innsbruck University Library. Innsbruck 1995.
- Heinz Hauffe: Chronicle of the Innsbruck University Library 1991–1998 . In: Heinz Hauffe / Eva Ramminger / Maria Seißl / Sieglinde Sepp (eds.): Cultural heritage and library management. Festschrift for Walter Neuhauser on his 65th birthday. Innsbruck 1998 (Biblos-Schriften 170), pp. 23–36.
- Ursula Partoll: "Ex dono P. Georgij Kern, Collegij Societatis Jesu Oenipontani 1616". The donation of books by Father Georg Kern SJ to the Innsbruck Jesuit College in the Innsbruck University Library. In: Tiroler Heimatblätter 74th 1999.
- Mairhofer, Daniela / Neuhauser, Walter / Rossini, Michaela / Schretter, Claudia: scribes, writings, miniatures. Medieval book treasures from Tyrol. Tyrolia, Innsbruck 2006. (Tyrolean cultural goods) ISBN 3-7022-2719-9
- Project: ULB - University and State Library Tyrol, Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck: Architecture, Art & Construction. University and State Library of Tyrol, Innsbruck Bundesimmobiliengesellschaft, Vienna; Vienna 2009
- Niedermair, Klaus; Schuler Dietmar (Ed.): The library in the future . Innsbruck: innsbruck university press, 2015
- Christian Kössler : The University and State Library of Tyrol - Fund of treasures in literatures . In: Culture reports from Tyrol and South Tyrol, Innsbruck 2016, pp. 132–133.
- Homepage of the University and State Library of Tyrol
- Online library catalog of the University and State Library of Tyrol
- Library map. Retrieved March 3, 2017 .
- Monika Schneider: The ULB in numbers. Retrieved March 3, 2017 .
- Monika Schneider: inventory & equipment. Retrieved March 3, 2017 .