Walter de Gruyter (Publisher)

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Walter de Gruyter GmbH

legal form GmbH
founding 1918
Seat Berlin
management Carsten Buhr
Number of employees 350
sales 57.6 million euros (2014)
Branch publishing company

The Walter de Gruyter GmbH (short De Gruyter [ ɡʁɔʏ̯tɐ called]) is an academic publishing house in Berlin .

De Gruyter publishes over 1300 new titles every year, half of them in English . In addition, 750  specialist journals and online databases are published. Since 2008 De Gruyter has also offered its content in electronic form on a publisher's own integrated platform.

Under the imprint De Gruyter Open , De Gruyter is the third largest open access publisher.

areas of expertise

The specialist areas of the publisher are:

With the De Gruyter e-dition , the publisher makes more than 50,000 titles from over 260 years of publishing history available again. Each title is available both electronically and as a hardcover reprint. De Gruyter is also a partner of Google Book Search . Almost all titles from the publisher's range are available in extracts there.


The publishing house, with headquarters in Berlin and branches in Boston (until spring 2011 New York ) and Beijing (since August 2011) was built up by Walter de Gruyter , who merged the following publishers on December 31, 1918 to form a universal scientific publisher:

The then limited partnership with the company Vereinigung Wissenschaftlicher Verleger Walter de Gruyter & Co. initially had four other general partners in addition to de Gruyter , and each of the five brought in less than half of the capital, but de Gruyter almost 50%. In November 1920 Otto von Halem sold his share of the business to his adversary de Gruyter, who thus owned the majority and increased it again to 77% in 1922. From January 1, 1923, less than five years after it was founded, the company was only called Walter de Gruyter & Co. After Walter de Gruyter's death in 1923, his son-in-law Herbert Cram was established as his successor in the management.

For the Nazi era , Melanie Mienert came to the conclusion that "[D] e Gruyter [was] not an active Nazi publisher and only a few employees [...] were members of the party". According to Klaus G. Saur , De Gruyter was one of the majority of German publishers who “continued to work and more or less adapted or arranged themselves”.

The publishing house acquired De Gruyter Mouton in 1977 , originally run as Mouton Publishers in The Hague, which now specializes as an imprint in the publication of linguistic books as well as academic journals, reference works and bibliographies.

In August 2006, Max Niemeyer Verlag (Tübingen) and KG Saur Verlag (Munich) were taken over and merged with the existing program. The publishing house in Tübingen was closed in 2012. In April 2012, De Gruyter took over the Basel-based Birkhäuser Verlag, which specializes in architecture . The Austrian AMBRA book publisher, which emerged from the earlier art and architecture program Springer Vienna New York, was taken over by Birkhäuser in July 2014. At the beginning of 2013, De Gruyter also took over Akademie Verlag (Berlin) and Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag (Munich). In 2012 De Gruyter also acquired the open access publisher Versita. Since 2014 Versita has been fully integrated under the imprint title De Gruyter Open , which also hosts several so-called mega-journals, or mega journals , and a blog about open access in the academy, given the growing global popularity of open access between Researchers and academic institutions.

The most famous editions of the publisher include the critical complete edition of Friedrich Nietzsche and the collected writings of Immanuel Kant . Furthermore, the Critical Complete Edition by Friedrich Schleiermacher . The Ferdinand Tönnies complete edition has been published since 1998 . In terms of journals, the journal for pure and applied mathematics (Crelle's Journal) is one of the most important in its discipline worldwide. Works well known to the general public are for example Pschyrembel  - Clinical Dictionary of Medicine and Kluge  - Etymological Dictionary of the German Language . Another dictionary project is the Early New High German Dictionary .

The Walter de Gruyter Foundation aims to promote science and research.


  • Gerhard Lüdtke : The publisher Walter de Gruyter & Co. Sizzen from the history of the former companies that formed its structure, along with an outline of the life of Dr. Walter de Gruyter's. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / Leipzig 1924.
  • Doris Fouquet-Plümacher: From the archive of the Walter de Gruyter publishing house. Letters, certificates, documents. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-11-008513-5 (catalog of the exhibition of the same name, Free University of Berlin, October 17 to December 6, 1980).
  • Anne-Katrin Ziesak : The publisher Walter de Gruyter 1749–1999. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-11-016698-4 (catalog of the exhibition of the same name, Berlin State Library, September 30 to November 20, 1999).
  • Hellen Müller: Science and the market around 1900. The publishing company Walter de Gruyters in the literary field of the turn of the century. Max Niemeyer, Tübingen 2004, ISBN 3-484-35104-7 .
  • Melanie Mienert: Herbert Cram, Fritz Homeyer and “Der Strick” - the Walter de Gruyter publishing house in the “Third Reich” . In: Klaus G. Saur (Hrsg.): Publishers in the »Third Reich« (= magazine for libraries and bibliography . Special volume 109). Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2013, ISBN 978-3-465-04175-7 , pp. 51-60.
  • Angelika Königseder: Walter de Gruyter. A science publisher under National Socialism. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2016, ISBN 978-3-16-154393-7 .

Web links

Commons : Verlag Walter de Gruyter  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Management restructuring. In: Börsenblatt , October 23, 2014, accessed on October 27, 2014 .
  2. Anke Beck leaves after 24 years. Börsenblatt , March 26, 2018, accessed on September 23, 2018 .
  3. De Gruyter acquires Versita and becomes the third largest international open access publisher. Press release from de Gruyter dated February 9, 2012.
  4. ^ Anne-Katrin Ziesak: The publisher Walter de Gruyter 1749-1999. Berlin 1999, p. 201.
  5. ^ Anne-Katrin Ziesak: The publisher Walter de Gruyter 1749-1999. Berlin 1999, p. 204.
  6. ^ Anne-Katrin Ziesak: The publisher Walter de Gruyter 1749-1999. Berlin 1999, p. 241.
  7. Melanie Mienert: Herbert Cram, Fritz Homeyer and "Der Strick" - The Walter de Gruyter publishing house in the "Third Reich". In: Klaus G. Saur (Ed.): Publishers in the “Third Reich”. Frankfurt am Main 2013, pp. 51–60, here p. 59.
  8. Klaus G. Saur: Publishers in National Socialism. In the S. (Ed.): Publishers in the “Third Reich”. Frankfurt am Main 2013, pp. 9–15, here: p. 11.
  9. De Gruyter Mouton. De Gruyter, accessed September 27, 2016 .
  10. ^ De Gruyter buys Oldenbourg Science and Academy. In: February 16, 2013, accessed January 14, 2017 .
  11. spolanka: DeGruyter acquires Versita, increasing their open-access publishing business ( English ) January 9, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved on April 8, 2017.
  12. De Gruyter Open converts eight subscription journals to Open Access megajournals ( English ) In: De Gruyter Open . September 29, 2014. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014. Retrieved on April 8, 2017.
  13. OpenScience . In: De Gruyter Open .
  14. P. Visakhi: Global Shift Towards Open Access Publishing: Key Challenges for Research Community. INFLIBNET Center, Gandhinagar November 2016, ISBN 978-93-81232-06-4 ( [Abstract]; PDF; 139 kB ).
  15. Tobias Bohm: Purpose of the foundation. Walter de Gruyter Foundation, accessed on September 12, 2014 .

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 16.2 "  N , 13 ° 21 ′ 36.8"  E