Weimar (noble family)

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Coat of arms of the county of Orlamünde

Weimar , also Weimar-Orlamünde , was the name of an important noble family that flourished in what is now Thuringia from the 10th to the 12th centuries . His relatives ruled over the county of Weimar and the resulting county of Weimar-Orlamünde with the territorially unrelated centers of Weimar an der Ilm and Orlamünde an der Saale . In addition, the noble family produced margraves of Meissen, Carniola and Istria.


Counts of Weimar and Orlamünde

The origins of the Weimar counts are unknown, but a relationship to the Babenbergers is suspected. First Count of Weimar is Wilhelm I. is mentioned in 949 for the first time known when he his son Wilhelm II. The Emperor Otto III. Gau Husitin (Orlamünde) handed over to administration .

Count Wilhelm II. Paid homage in 1002 to the King Henry II. , Thus achieving the elimination of the pigs interest by the Thuringian since the fall of the Kingdom of Thuringia had to pay annually in 531 in the form of 500 pigs to the central power of the empire. Under Wilhelm II, the Great (ruled 963–1003), the Counts of Weimar became one of the most powerful noble families in the Thuringian region.

Wilhelm IV. (Ruled 1039–1062) succeeded in acquiring the Palatine County of Saxony and the Margraviate of Meissen . Wilhelm IV., Who died childless, was followed by his younger brother Otto I (ruled 1062-1067). Even before he inherited the county of Weimar in 1062, he acquired the county of Orlamünde . He united the two territories. Since then, people have spoken of the Weimar-Orlamünde County , which existed until 1365, at least in its Weimar part of the country.

On May 13, 1112, Ulrich II of Weimar and Orlamünde, the last count of Weimar-Orlamünde from the Weimar line, died. King Henry V then tried, but ultimately in vain, to collect all of his allodies . The Count Palatine Siegfried I of the Rhine claimed the county as the son of the heiress Adelheid von Weimar-Orlamünde . After a long war of succession, his Ascanic relatives were finally able to prevail and thus established the Ascanian sideline Weimar-Orlamünde , which ruled the county for about two and a half centuries.

Margraves of Istria and Carniola

A branch of the Counts of Weimar was also very active in the southeast of the empire: from Poppo I to the extinction of the older Weimar line with Ulrich II. In 1112, the Weimar people temporarily held the margrave offices in Istria and Carniola . Count Berthold II of Andechs and Plassenburg laid the foundation stone for the politically important Duchy of Merania , with which his grandson, Berthold IV , finally enfeoffed with this property, into which he had come through marriage with the Weimar-Orlamünda heir daughter Sophie of Istria has been.

Tribe list

Wilhelm I († April 16, 963)


Web links

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