Weimar (noble family)
Weimar , also Weimar-Orlamünde , was the name of an important noble family that flourished in what is now Thuringia from the 10th to the 12th centuries . His relatives ruled over the county of Weimar and the resulting county of Weimar-Orlamünde with the territorially unrelated centers of Weimar an der Ilm and Orlamünde an der Saale . In addition, the noble family produced margraves of Meissen, Carniola and Istria.
Counts of Weimar and Orlamünde
The origins of the Weimar counts are unknown, but a relationship to the Babenbergers is suspected. First Count of Weimar is Wilhelm I. is mentioned in 949 for the first time known when he his son Wilhelm II. The Emperor Otto III. Gau Husitin (Orlamünde) handed over to administration .
Count Wilhelm II. Paid homage in 1002 to the King Henry II. , Thus achieving the elimination of the pigs interest by the Thuringian since the fall of the Kingdom of Thuringia had to pay annually in 531 in the form of 500 pigs to the central power of the empire. Under Wilhelm II, the Great (ruled 963–1003), the Counts of Weimar became one of the most powerful noble families in the Thuringian region.
Keep of the Weimar City Palace
Wilhelm IV. (Ruled 1039–1062) succeeded in acquiring the Palatine County of Saxony and the Margraviate of Meissen . Wilhelm IV., Who died childless, was followed by his younger brother Otto I (ruled 1062-1067). Even before he inherited the county of Weimar in 1062, he acquired the county of Orlamünde . He united the two territories. Since then, people have spoken of the Weimar-Orlamünde County , which existed until 1365, at least in its Weimar part of the country.
On May 13, 1112, Ulrich II of Weimar and Orlamünde, the last count of Weimar-Orlamünde from the Weimar line, died. King Henry V then tried, but ultimately in vain, to collect all of his allodies . The Count Palatine Siegfried I of the Rhine claimed the county as the son of the heiress Adelheid von Weimar-Orlamünde . After a long war of succession, his Ascanic relatives were finally able to prevail and thus established the Ascanian sideline Weimar-Orlamünde , which ruled the county for about two and a half centuries.
Margraves of Istria and Carniola
A branch of the Counts of Weimar was also very active in the southeast of the empire: from Poppo I to the extinction of the older Weimar line with Ulrich II. In 1112, the Weimar people temporarily held the margrave offices in Istria and Carniola . Count Berthold II of Andechs and Plassenburg laid the foundation stone for the politically important Duchy of Merania , with which his grandson, Berthold IV , finally enfeoffed with this property, into which he had come through marriage with the Weimar-Orlamünda heir daughter Sophie of Istria has been.
Wilhelm I († April 16, 963)
Wilhelm II the Great (* around 930/35; † December 24, 1003) from 963 Count of Weimar, from 1002 Duke of Thuringia
- William III. († 1039), ⚭ Oda, presumably daughter of Margrave Thietmar II of Lusatia
Poppo I († around 1044), Count of Weimar, Margrave of Istria (1012-1044), ⚭ Hadamut († after 1040), heir to Count Werigant of Istria-Friuli († 1051) and Willibirg, daughter of Count Ulrich from Ebersberg ( Sieghardinger )
Ulrich I († 1070), Margrave of Carniola (1058-1070), Margrave of Istria (1060-1070), ⚭ after 1062 Sophia of Hungary († 1095)
- Ulrich II. († 1112, extinction of the older Weimar line in the male line), Count of Weimar, ⚭ before 1102 Adelheid of Thuringia († 1146), daughter of Count Ludwig the Springer, expelled
Poppo II. († 1098/1101/1103), until 1093 Margrave of Istria, ⚭ Richgard / Richardis († around 1130), daughter of Engelbert I (Spanheim) († 1096)
Sophie of Istria († 1132) ⚭ Berthold II. († 1151) Count of Dießen-Andechs-Plassenburg-Kulmbach
- Poppo († 1148)
- Berthold III. († 1188), 1173 Margrave of Istria
- Otto († 1196), Bishop of Brixen, Bishop of Bamberg
- Hedwig (Hadwig) († 1162) "von Windberg", ⚭ Count Albert II. Von Bogen († 1146)
- Poppo III. († 1141, childless), not secured
- Sophie of Istria († 1132) ⚭ Berthold II. († 1151) Count of Dießen-Andechs-Plassenburg-Kulmbach
- Richardis ⚭ Count Otto II of Scheyern († around 1110)
- Count Palatine Otto I of Wittelsbach
- Adelheid, ⚭ I. Domvogt Friedrich II. Of Regensburg, ⚭ II. Count Udalschalk in Lurngau († 1115) ad H. Grögling-Hirschberg
- Ulrich I († 1070), Margrave of Carniola (1058-1070), Margrave of Istria (1060-1070), ⚭ after 1062 Sophia of Hungary († 1095)
- Agnes ⚭ probably Friedrich I , Count Palatine of Saxony
- C. Chl. Freiherr von Reitzenstein : Regests of the Counts of Orlamuende from Babenberg and Ascan tribe with family tables, seal images, monuments and coats of arms . Historical association for Upper Franconia . Publisher Th. Burger, Bayreuth 1871–1896.