Wilhelm Theodor Elwert

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Wilhelm Theodor Elwert (born December 20, 1906 in Stuttgart ; † February 12, 1997 in Mainz ) was a German Romance scholar , literary scholar and linguist .


W. Theodor Elwert spent his childhood in Italy . In 1915 he came to Germany. Elwert studied Romance and English at the University of Lausanne with René Bray , Pierre Gillard, René Papin, at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg with Hanns Heiss , Philipp August Becker , Heinrich Kuen and at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich with Max August Förster , Karl Vossler and Hans Rheinfelder .

After editing in Pisa and working at the Biblioteca Hertziana in Rome, he received his doctorate from Vossler in 1934 with a study on the conception of history and narrative technique in FD Guerrazzi's historical novels (Halle 1935), which was suggested by Heiß, and completed his habilitation in 1941 under Gerhard Rohlfs on the dialect of Fassa -Tals (Heidelberg 1943). Elwert was 1934, the local chapter of Livorno the NSDAP / AO occurred while he was working in Rome at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Cultural Studies was called Block Walter of the Party under the institute director Werner Hoppenstedt .

Since 1953, Elwert has been a full professor in the successor to Eugen Lerch, teaching Romance Philology at the University of Mainz , where he retired in 1974. Among other things, he published studies on Italian, French and Provencal literature, especially of the Renaissance and Baroque periods , as well as on French and Italian verse theory.


  • The dialect of the Fassa Valley. ( Ladin language ) Winter, Heidelberg 1943, 2nd edition. 1972
  • Studi di letteratura veneziana. 1958.
  • The bilingual individual. A self-testimony. Mainz 1959 (= treatises of the humanities and social sciences class of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz. Born 1959, No. 6)
  • The French metric. Munich 1961, 4th edition. 1978 (French edition Paris 1965)
  • La poesia lirica italiana del seicento. 1967.
  • The Italian metric. Munich 1968 (Italian edition Firenze 1973), 2nd edition. 1984.
  • Studies in Romance languages ​​and literatures. Steiner, Stuttgart
    • Essays on Italian Poetry. Volume I. 1968.
    • Italian poetry and European literature. Part 1. Volume II. 1969.
    • Saggi di letteratura italiana. Volume III. 1970.
    • The dialect of the Fassa valley. Volume V.
    • Italian poetry and European literature. Part 2. Volume VII.
    • Linguistic and literary history. Volume VIII.
  • The Romance languages ​​and literatures. Beck, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-406-05721-7 .
  • The Italian literature of the Middle Ages. Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio. Francke, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-7720-1296-5 .


  • Klaus Ley in: Italian. Journal of Italian Language and Literature 19, 1997, pp. 166–168.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Frank-Rutger Hausmann : "Even in war the muses are not silent." The German Scientific Institutes in World War II. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, p. 359.
  2. ^ Wilhelm Theodor Elwert: The Romance languages ​​and literatures. Beck, Munich 1979, 4th cover page.