Yousuf Karsh (born December 23, 1908 in Mardin , Ottoman Empire as Howsep Karshian , † July 13, 2002 in Boston , USA ) was a Canadian photographer of Armenian origin. He was one of the most important portrait photographers of the 20th century.
Karsh was born in southeastern Turkey. At the age of 14, he and his family had to flee to Syria to avoid persecution following the Armenian genocide . Two years later, his parents sent him to live with his uncle George Nakash, a photographer in Sherbrooke , in the province of Quebec , Canada . After a short school visit he assisted his uncle in his studio. Nakash noticed his nephew's talent and sent him to Boston, USA for training with the portrait photographer John Garo.
Four years later, Karsh returned to Canada. He founded his own studio on Spark Street in Ottawa , the Canadian seat of government. The Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King became aware of him and arranged numerous portrait sessions with Canadian dignitaries. As a result, he also photographed personalities from show business, but he achieved international fame with his portrait of Winston Churchill , who visited Canada in 1941.
In 1967, Karsh was awarded the intermediate level of the highest Canadian award for civilians (Officer of the Order of Canada ), and in 1990 he was admitted to the highest level (Companion of the Order of Canada).
The only photographer and the only Canadian, Karsh was named to the list of the One Hundred Most Influential Personalities of the 20th Century by the International Who is Who 2000. He had portrayed more than half of the other chosen ones on this list.
Karsh died in 2002. He was buried in Notre Dame Cemetery in Ottawa .
In the studio, Karsh was a master of lighting. A special feature of his work was the separate illumination of the hands of those portrayed. He photographed many of the important and celebrated personalities of his generation. The journalist George Perry wrote in the London “Sunday Times”: “ When the famous start to think about their immortality, they turn to Yousuf Karsh ”.
Karsh had a remarkable talent for capturing the characteristics of a person in his recordings. He himself wrote in 1967: “There is a secret hidden in every human being and as a photographer it is my job to reveal this according to my abilities. This revelation, if it succeeds, will reveal itself in a split second in an unconscious gesture, a shimmer of the eye, a brief lifting of the mask that all people wear to hide their very self from the world. At this moment of possibility, the photographer has to act or he will gamble away his chance. "
Karsh's work has been exhibited in numerous museums around the world, including the Museum of Modern Art , the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Art Institute in Chicago, the National Portrait Gallery in London and the National Gallery of Canada . Some of the personalities he photographed include: Albert Einstein , Albert Schweitzer , Alexander Calder , Andy Warhol , Audrey Hepburn , Clark Gable , Dwight D. Eisenhower , Ernest Hemingway , Fidel Castro , Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis , Frank Lloyd Wright , John Pershing , George Bernard Shaw , Georgia O'Keeffe , Helen Keller , Humphrey Bogart , Indira Gandhi , John F. Kennedy , Laurence Olivier , Muhammad Ali , Pablo Casals , Pandit Nehru , Peter Lorre , Pablo Picasso , Pierre Elliott Trudeau , Queen Elizabeth II , Grace Kelly , Prince Rainier of Monaco , Nikita Khrushchev .
" When one sees the residuum of greatness before one's camera, one must recognize it in a flash. There is a brief moment when all that there is in a man's mind and soul and spirit may be reflected through his eyes, his hands, his attitude . This is the moment to record. This is the elusive moment of truth ".
- American legends . Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1992.
- Heroes of light and shadow . Berlin: G - & - H-Verl., 2000.
- A Biography in Images . Boston, MA: MFA Publ., 2003.
- By THE NEW YORK TIMES, July 14, 2002. Yousuf Karsh, 93, Who Photographed Famous and Infamous of 20th Century, Dies
- Literature by and about Yousuf Karsh in the catalog of the German National Library
- Image archive of the German Historical Museum
- Weston Gallery
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Canadian photographer of Armenian origin|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 23, 1908|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mardin , Ottoman Empire|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 13, 2002|
|Place of death||Boston , USA|