Jasmatzi cigarette factory

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Main factory in Dresden from 1900
Panorama of the west side: on the left the building from 1900, on the right the building from 1912. In between a road crossing.
View from the east: the portal of the building from 1912 faces Glashütter Strasse.
Former Josetti cigarette factory, now Josetti Höfe , at Rungestraße 22-25 in Berlin-Mitte, built 1906-1907

The Jasmatzi cigarette factory is the name given to a former Dresden company, Jasmatzi AG (after 1945 VEB Jasmatzi ). On the other hand, the former Jasmatzi cigarette factory means a listed building in Dresden - Striesen . After 1945, the company and building belonged to VEB Vereinigte Zigarettenfabriken Dresden (VEB VEZIFA), and in 1958 VEB Jasmatzi was finally incorporated into it. The building was used as Plant I of the VEB, after 1990 Vereinigte Zigarettenfabriken Dresden GmbH . The company eventually became f6 Cigarettenfabrik Dresden GmbH , a subsidiary of the Philip Morris Group, which uses the building as the main production building.


Jasmatzi AG

In 1880, Georg Anton Jasmatzi , who came from Greece and had worked as a foreman in the company “Compagnie Laferme” since 1868 and then went into business for himself, founded a small craft business. Initially working as a seller of self-made cigars, he acquired a plot of land on Blasewitzer Strasse in Dresden in 1889 . In 1900 he built a production building at Schandauer Straße 68. With the extension on Glashütter Straße, the company "Jasmatzi & Sons" became the most important tobacco company in Striesen.

The factory building at Glashütter Strasse 94 with historicist style elements facing Schandauer Strasse was built in 1900 according to plans by the Dresden architectural office Rose & Röhle . A connecting corridor leads across the street to the strictly structured new building with a high hipped mansard roof, built by Lossow and Kühne in 1912 .

Jasmatzi exported “Cheops”, “Sphinx” and “Ramses” cigarettes worldwide.

Advert from 1904

In 1901, Jasmatzi converted his company into a stock corporation , Jasmatzi AG , from then on remaining sole company director under the majority shareholder American Tobacco . With a capital of 10 million marks, it was the largest corporation in the tobacco industry in Germany. When American Tobacco in 1901 withdrew Jasmatzi's sole right to sign against his will and put a board at his side, he left the company in 1902.

However, Jasmatzi AG itself came into the possession of Deutsche Bank in 1915 and developed into a group . By 1925 this u. a. the following other cigarette factories:

  • Josetti Cigarette Factory , Berlin (takeover in 1905; brand name JUNO next to ELJEN and VERA)
  • Constantin Cigarettenfabrik, Hanover (“Ernst August” brand - Always fresh! Always good! )
  • Constantin Cigarettenfabrik, Dresden (brand "Constantin No. 23" - your old love )
  • Tobacco and cigarette factory Sulima, Dresden (brand "Piaster No. 8")
  • Sarasvati GmbH, Dresden (brand "Obak")
  • Adler Compagnie Cigarette Factory ("Henny" brand to Sarasvati GmbH)
  • Delta Cigarettenfabrik GmbH, Dresden (brand "Atikah")

In 1925, Jasmatzi AG signed an interest group agreement with Reemtsma , which soon resulted in complete financial dependence on the Reemtsma group: in 1929 Reemtsma took over the trademark rights to JUNO. In 1935 the Jasmatzi group was converted into a limited liability company and operated as a subsidiary of Reemtsma.

f6 cigarette factory - Schandauer Straße 68 - Dresden - memorial

In February 1944, on the instructions of Nazi officials, the cigarette factory was converted into the "Striesen metal works", which the armaments company Bernsdorf & Co. rented in November 1944. The company's goal was to produce 40 million bullet cores per month. Bernsdorf & Co. had already had large armaments orders produced in the Litzmannstadt ghetto , and when the ghetto was liquidated in 1944, new premises had to be found. Forced laborers were used to carry out the production , 500 arrived in Dresden on November 26, 1944 and were recorded in the books of the Flossenbürg concentration camp . They had to work under the most adverse conditions. More than 80 of them died by the end of the war.

Georg Jasmatzi & Sons

After his departure in 1901, Jasmatzi initially traded raw tobacco. In 1908 he started manufacturing cigarette machines and with his own factory the production of cigarette tubes. After his contractual obligation (ten-year blocking period) not to operate his own cigarette production, he finally founded the company Georg Jasmatzi & Sons (Georg A. Jasmatzi and Sons) with his sons Anton Gustav Jasmatzi and Konstantin Jasmatzi in 1911 and produced cigarettes again, co-producing them the brands August der Starke , JAS and Kleine JAS.

After 1945

After the Second World War , Jasmatzi AG was expropriated - on the basis of the referendum of 1946 - and merged together with Georg Jasmatzi & Sons, also expropriated, to form VEB Jasmatzi Dresden , which produced the Turf brand in the 1950s . In 1959, the company was assigned to the United Cigarette Factory Dresden and referred to as Plant I of this VEB. The building of the former Jasmatzi AG factory became the headquarters of this company.

Today the buildings are used by the f6 Cigarettenfabrik Dresden GmbH . The company belongs to the Altria Group , to which all companies of the Philip Morris group have belonged since 2003 .

The cigarette factory was part of the film Karbid und Sauerampfer with Erwin Geschonneck .


The company published its own cigarette images, which were then collected in separate albums, each with a different name and theme. In the style of their time, the albums bore names such as German colonies , Hänsom film images I to IV, Ramses film photos 1 to 3, Our Navy and Our Reichsmarine, images from the lives of sailors , German sport (preview of 1936) , The Colorful World .

Many fragments of the company, about lithographed metal boxes , Notgeldscheine , share , Exlibris , playing cards and printed advertisements such as posters are on today collectors' market offered.

Archival material

The main state archive in Dresden includes company documents from the Chemnitz , Dresden, Eisenach , Erfurt , Gera , Görlitz , Halle , Leipzig and Stendal factory warehouses ; also archives the Dresden Emballagenfabrik , the operation section Weißeritzstraße, financial statements, receipts of the Board , documents , files of the Directorate , contracts, audit reports , balances , tax documents , papers of communities of interest and personnel matters.


See also the references from Georg Anton Jasmatzi

Web links

Commons : Zigarettenfabrik Jasmatzi  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c 11773 - Jasmatzi AG, Dresden on the website of the Main State Archives Dresden (see web links)
  2. Cziborra, Pascal 2013: KZ Dresden Striesen. The family camp Bernsdorf & Co. in Schandauer Strasse 68, Bielefeld, Lorbeer Verlag.
  3. ^ Herbert Pönicke:  Jasmatzi, Georg. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1974, ISBN 3-428-00191-5 , p. 360 ( digitized version ).
  4. private collector's list

Coordinates: 51 ° 2 ′ 23 "  N , 13 ° 48 ′ 2"  E