|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Jihomoravský kraj|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||402 (March 1, 2001)|
|Postal code :||683 01|
|License plate :||B.|
|Street:||Vyškov - Rousínov|
|Railway connection:||Brno - Přerov|
The street village Čechyně is located south of the Drahaner Bergland in the Vyškovská brána ( Wischauer Tor ). Čechyně stretches on both sides of the Rakovec river. The Malé Strany (312 m) rise southeast in the foothills of the Litenčické vrchy . The Brno - Přerov railway line runs north of the village, and the Komořany u Vyškova railway station is a good kilometer from Čechyně. The D 1 motorway passes to the east of the village ; the next exit, 216 Rousínov, is three kilometers southwest.
Neighboring towns are Komořany in the north, Podbřežice and Lysovice in the northeast, Dražovice and Letonice in the southeast, Lutršték, Němčany and Kroužek in the south, Rousínovec in the southwest, Rousínov in the west and Královopolské Vážany and Habrovany in the northwest.
The oldest archaeological find is a Slavic body grave from the castle ramparts between 600 and 1200. The first written mention of the village took place in 1350 in the course of a registration of the Moravian aristocratic property for the establishment of the regional court in Brno . The owners at that time were the von Wildenberg family. In 1371 Půta Šacléř von Wildenberg sold Wildenberg Castle with all its accessories, including Czechs, to Margrave Johann Heinrich . The castle became extinct during the Moravian Brotherly War between Johann Heinrich's sons Jobst and Prokop . Margrave Jobst sold off the villages of the Wildenberg rule between 1385 and 1406. The Augustinian monastery of St. Thomas in Brno acquired some of the Czechs, which was connected to the Wieslitzer estates. In 1558 the Augustinian Czechs pawned Záviš von Víckov. By settling 1500 thalers, Nikolaus von Hrádek released Czechs again. Until the middle of the 19th century, the Czechs always remained subservient to the Augustinian hermits who were relegated to Old Brno in 1783.
After the abolition of patrimonial Czechs / Čechýň formed a community in the district administration Wischau from 1850 . Czechs together with Gundrum formed the southern part of the Wischau language island . Since the end of the 19th century, the proportion of the German ethnic group in Czechs has declined. This trend intensified after the founding of Czechoslovakia , whereby in the census of 1921 residents with Czech-sounding names were declared Czechs without their will or knowledge. In 1920 a gymnastics club was established in the Czech Republic. The Czech place name Čechyně has been in use since 1924 . During the Second World War, 22 residents died or were considered missing. On September 15, 1945 there were still 216 Germans living in Čechyně. These were expelled between April 30 and September 22, 1946 and the place was repopulated with Czechs from the Drahaner Bergland, whose houses had become uninhabitable due to the Wischau military training area. On August 1, 1976, Čechyně was incorporated into Rousínov .
- Chapel of the Virgin Mary, on the village green, built in the 18th century
- baroque statue of St. John of Nepomuk, created in the second third of the 18th century
- Stepní stráň u Komořan nature reserve on the western slope of the Malé Strany
- Mechovkový útes or Štogrunty natural monument on the Malé Strany
- Natural monument Hřebenatkový útes, south of the village near Kroužek
Sons and daughters of the place
- Kristýna Taušová: The history of the Wischau language island and its inhabitants yesterday and today. (Diploma thesis) 2008, ( MS Word ; 445 kB).
- http://www.hvezdlice.cz/files/zpravodaj/zpravodaj0401.pdf ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.