Aemilius Wagler

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Aemilius Theodor Wagler (born February 23, 1817 in Preschen , Sorau district , † September 7, 1883 in Guben ) was a German classical philologist and high school teacher.


Aemilius Wagler was born as the son of the pastor in the Lower Lusatian village of Preschen near Forst (Lausitz) . A few years later the family moved to Guben, where the father took over the pastoral position at the monastery church. From 1828 Wagler attended grammar school here, the teachers of which influenced his choice of profession, as can be seen from his dissertation. After graduating, he went to study classical philology at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin in 1836 , where August Boeckh , Johann Gustav Droysen and Karl Gottlob Zumpt taught at the time . Wagler also attended theological lectures with August Neander and August Twesten . In 1839, after completing his studies, he went to Hamburg , where he worked as a tutor for two and a half years and did his military service.

In March 1843 he passed his teaching examination and began his probationary year at the Knight's Academy in Brandenburg Cathedral at Easter , which he continued from Christmas to Easter 1844 at the pedagogy in Charlottenburg . At the same time he worked as an assistant teacher at the Saldernschen Gymnasium in Brandenburg (Havel) in the summer semester of 1843 and in the winter semester of 1843/44 at the Pädagogium Charlottenburg. Here he was also employed as an alumni inspector in October 1844 , until he moved to the Brandenburg Knight Academy as an adjunct in October 1845 . In the same year he was awarded a doctorate in Marburg with a Latin treatise on the Trojans by Euripides , which appeared in print in 1845. phil. PhD.

As early as Easter 1846, Wagler switched to the Realschule in Colberg as vice-principal , which had emerged from the local council school shortly before and was officially recognized in 1848. Here he taught Latin, Hebrew, English, religion, history and geography and, from 1857 onwards, was involved in the conversion of the Realschule into a grammar school with realistic secondary classes , which was completed with the first high school diploma in 1861. Wagler was entrusted with the second senior teaching position and appointed high school professor in 1862. In addition to his school activities, he published a Latin Elementary Book (1847, 2nd edition 1861), which was used for a long time at the school, as well as a program treatise on the German language societies of the 17th century (1857).

At the beginning of 1862 Wagler received an offer to take over the directorate of the Guben high school. On May 2, 1862 he followed him and returned to his hometown, where he lived and worked until his death. During his tenure, the Guben grammar school took off: In 1864 Wagler re-established the real classes that had been abolished years earlier, and in 1868 he moved the school to the new building in Guben Neustadt. In the years of its effectiveness, the number of students and teachers tripled. Wagler's own teaching focused on Latin and English. In addition to school administration and teaching, he published a manuscript from the school library on the life of Duke Bogislaw X the Great in the school program in 1864/1865 . His activity was recognized in 1879 by the award of the Red Eagle Order IV class.

In the last two years of his life, his strength slowly declined. He died at the beginning of the new school year in 1883 after his second trip to the cure.


  • HI: Nekrolog, in: Biographisches Jahrbuch für Alterthumskunde , 6th year (1883), pp. 26–28

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