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Community Neisse Malxetal
Coordinates: 51 ° 38 ′ 52 "  N , 14 ° 39 ′ 29"  E
Height : 114 m above sea level NHN
Area : 23.97 km²
Residents : 276  (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 12 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 2001
Postal code : 03159
Area code : 035600
Preschen (Brandenburg)

Location of Preschen in Brandenburg

Preschen ( Rjašćany in Lower Sorbian ) is a district of the municipality of Neisse-Malxetal in the district of Spree-Neisse in the southeast of the state of Brandenburg . The place belongs to the Office Döbern-Land and was an independent municipality until December 30, 2001.


Preschen is located in Niederlausitz , about six kilometers as the crow flies northeast of Döbern and six kilometers from the border with Poland . The district borders on Groß Schacksdorf and Groß Bademeusel in the north, on Klein Bademeusel in the northeast , on Jerischke in the east and southeast , on Jämlitz in the south, on Döbern in the south-west, on Groß Kölzig in the west and on Jocksdorf in the north-west . In addition to the village of Preschen, the district also includes the districts of Gosda II and Raden .

Preschen is at the end of the district road 7116 to Döbern, which also crosses the suburb of Gosda II. A local road leads to the suburb of Raden, and there is also a local road to the neighboring village of Jerischke. To the northwest of Preschen is the former Preschen military airfield .


Preschen was first mentioned in a document in 1346 as Bresen . The meaning of the place name is unclear, possibly it is derived from the Lower Sorbian term "wrjos" for heather . The spelling Preschen was first handed down in 1592 . The village church of Preschen was built in the 14th or 15th century. Preschen used to be a vassal village of the Forst rule . The place thus belonged to the Electorate of Saxony , which was elevated to a kingdom in 1806 . As a result of the partition of Saxony decided at the Congress of Vienna , the entire Lower Lusatia came to the Kingdom of Prussia .

In the local government reform in 1816, Dash was the district Sorau in the administrative district of Frankfurt of the province of Brandenburg assigned. At the beginning of the 1840s, the place had 27 residential buildings and 181 residents. The estate included a Dash Vorwerk and a water mill . In 1864 Preschen had 203 inhabitants. In the census of December 1, 1871, the rural community Preschen had 184 inhabitants, who were distributed over 36 households. Of the population, 82 were male and 102 were female. 46 residents were children under ten years of age and all residents were of the Evangelical Lutheran denomination. At the same time, the Vorwerk Preschen manor district had 35 inhabitants - 16 men and 19 women - in five households. Four residents were younger than ten years.

1874, the rural community and the Gutsbezirk Preschen and rural communities large Bademeusel, small Bademeusel concluded Jerischke, Raden and Zschorno and Gutsbezirke United Bademeusel and Jerischke to District together Preschen. According to Arnošt Muka , only eleven inhabitants of Preschen were Sorbs in 1884/85 . On December 1, 1910, the rural community Preschen had 191 and the manor district 26 inhabitants; the manor district was dissolved in 1928 and incorporated into the rural community. On April 1, 1939, the municipality of Raden was compulsorily incorporated into Preschen. After the end of the Second World War , the Preschen district and the Sorau district were dissolved, and Raden was spun off from Preschen and became an independent municipality again.

Preschen initially belonged to the Spremberg district in the Soviet occupation zone and from 1949 in the GDR. During the district reform of July 25, 1952, Preschen was assigned to the Forst district in the Cottbus district . On December 1, 1966, Raden was again incorporated into Preschen, and on May 1, 1973 the municipality of Gosda II was incorporated into the municipality of Preschen. After reunification , the community of Preschen initially belonged to the district of Forst in Brandenburg. In 1992 Preschen merged with other municipalities to form the Döbern-Land office . On December 6, 1993, the district of Forst became part of the new Spree-Neisse district. On December 31, 2001, the communities of Preschen, Groß Kölzig, Jerischke, Jocksdorf and Klein Kölzig merged to form the new community of Neisse-Malxetal . The previous districts of Gosda II and Raden were downgraded to parts of the municipality.

Population development

year Residents
1875 208
1890 194
1910 217
year Residents
1925 253
1933 267
1939 274
year Residents
1946 266
1950 316
1964 279
year Residents
1971 288
1981 359
1985 327
year Residents
1989 313
1995 292
2000 319

Territory of the respective year; 1939 and 1971 with Raden, from 1981 with Raden and Gosda II


Individual evidence

  1. Facts and Figures. In: amt-doebern-land.de. Office Döbern-Land , accessed on February 22, 2019 .
  2. Entry "Rjašćany" in the Lower Sorbian place name database on dolnoserbski.de
  3. Johann George Schreiber : Geographical description of the Lower Lusatia and its neighboring Oerter in Silesia . 1748. p. 25
  4. Topographical-statistical overview of the government district of Frankfurt ad O. Gustav Harnecker's bookstore, Frankfurt a. Cit. 1844, p. 200 .
  5. Royal Statistical Bureau: The communities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . Part II: Province of Brandenburg , Berlin 1873, p. 228f., No. 113 ( online ), and p. 234f., No. 224 ( online ).
  6. ^ Municipal directory 1900. District Sorau (Province of Brandenburg). In: gemeindeververzeichnis.de , accessed on August 21, 2020.
  7. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. (PDF; 331 KB) District Spree-Neisse. State Office for Data Processing and Statistics State of Brandenburg, December 2006, accessed on August 21, 2020 .

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