Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson , also called Alfred Lord Tennyson (born August 6, 1809 in Somersby , Lincolnshire , † October 6, 1892 in Aldworth near Reading ) was a British poet of the Victorian Age .
Tennyson was the third of eleven children of clergyman and teacher George Tennyson . In addition to four years in elementary school, Tennyson was tutored by his father. In 1827, at the age of 18, a wealthy aunt made it possible for Tennyson to study at Trinity College , Cambridge . This noble gesture and the liberal world at the university made a big impression on shy Tennyson.
Tennyson had been writing poetry since he was a student and was able to publish the anthology Poems of two brothers in 1826 with his brothers Frederick Tennyson and Charles Tennyson . As a student, Tennyson was awarded the Chancellor's medal for English verse for a poem .
In the summer of 1830 Tennyson traveled with Arthur Henry Hallam through France to the Pyrenees. They wanted to deliver an amount of money raised in the United Kingdom to revolutionaries who rose against the Spanish monarchy.
When his father died in March 1831, Tennyson immediately left the university to help his mother. A year later, his friend Hallam got engaged to his sister Emily.
Hallam died unexpectedly on September 15, 1833. Tennyson was so shaken that he retired completely for the next four years. It was only when the family moved from Somersby to High Beech , Epping (near London) in late 1837 that Tennyson seemed to recover.
In early 1838, Tennyson and Emily Sellwood , his sister-in-law's sister , became engaged . Since Tennyson could still not make a living from his literary work after two years, the Sellwood family broke off the engagement.
On June 1, 1850, Tennyson published In Memoriam , an elegiac lament that he had worked on for 17 years over the death of his friend Arthur Hallam. With this poem he made the breakthrough; the criticism was overwhelming. On June 13, he and Emily Sellwood married and on November 19 appointed him Queen Victoria for Poet Laureate .
In 1854 he published the famous poem The Charge of the Light Brigade in memory of the brave but bloody and costly attack of the British light cavalry brigade on a Russian artillery position in the Crimean War during the Battle of Balaklava that year. This episode, made famous by the poem, was later filmed twice - in 1936 by Michael Curtiz with the title The Betrayal of Surat Khan and in 1968 by Tony Richardson with the title The attack of the light brigade .
In 1864 he became an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and in 1865 a member ( Fellow ) of the Royal Society of London . In 1876, Tennyson was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . In 1884 he was a Baron Tennyson , of Aldworth in the County of Sussex and of Freshwater in the Isle of Wight to peer collected, and it was also a seat in the House of Lords to. In the winter of 1888/89 he contracted rheumatic ailments from which he could no longer recover. A poll during this period found that Tennyson was the most famous Briton alongside Queen Victoria and Prime Minister William Gladstone .
A flu he caught in the spring of 1892 proved very persistent. Alfred Tennyson died of her, along with rheumatic attacks, early that morning on October 6, 1892, at his home in Aldworth. His eldest son Hallam, who later became Governor General of Australia , inherited his title .
His poems often dealt with English mythology (e.g. the Arthurian legend in Idylls of the King 1859) and history (e.g. The charge of the Light Brigade ) and thus offered a wide variety of templates for the Victorian art movements of the 19th century, like the Aesthetic Movement , the Arts and Craft Movement, which later ended in Art Nouveau , and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood , which The Lady of Shalott in particular repeatedly addresses.
In 1869 the East Westphalian doctor, politician and poet Friedrich Wilhelm Weber translated several poems by A. Tennyson's Enoch Arden and Aylmers Field , and in 1874 Maud into German. Tennyson's best-known works include:
- The Kraken (1830)
- The Lady of Shalott
- The Charge of the Light Brigade (1854)
- Maud (1855)
- Alymers Field
- The Death of Œnone and Other Poems (1892)
- Enoch Arden (1864)
- Idylls of the King (1859)
- In Memoriam AHH (1850)
- The Charge of the Heavy Brigade (1882)
- Edward Lear : Poems and Songs by Alfred Tennyson, set to music and inscribed to Mrs Alfred Tennyson , Neun Lieder (1853/1859)
- John Frederick Bridge : Crossing the Bar , composition for the funeral service for Tennyson in Westminster Abbey (1892)
- Richard Strauss : Enoch Arden op.38, melodrama for recitation and piano (1897)
Charles Villiers Stanford :
- Wellington Ode (1907)
- The City Child (ca.1908)
- Ottmar Gerster : Enoch Arden or Der Möwenschrei (1935/36), opera, libretto by Karl Michael Freiherr von Levetzow based on Tennyson.
- Loreena McKennitt : The Lady of Shalott (1991)
- Elinor Remick Warren (1900–1991) : The Legend of King Arthur (1939) - for tenor, baritone, orchestra and choir; Extract from the royal idylls - Idylls of the King
- Arthur Sullivan : The Foresters. Robin Hood and Maid Marian , incidental music (1892)
- Klaus Miehling : Three Poems by Alfred Tennyson for four-part mixed choir, op.145 (2008)
The Cape Tennyson in Antarctica was named after him.
Allusions and quotes from Tennyson's works are still common, even in popular culture. In the feature film The Dead Poets Club , a few verses are recited by Alfred Lord Tennyson: "Come on, my friends, it is not too late to look for a new world ..." from Ulysses . The secret service chief M quotes other verses from the same poem during a parliamentary hearing in the James Bond film Skyfall , when an attempted murder was made against her, which failed because Bond successfully stood in the way of the attacker - alluding to old ones , indomitable virtues, as described in the poem: "... One equal temper of heroic hearts, / Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will / To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield ."
- Friedrich Brie: Tennyson's "Ulysses" . In: Anglia , Vol. 59 (1935), pp. 441-447
- Roman Dyboski: Tennyson's Language and Style . Johnson, New York 1964 (reprint of the Vienna 1907 edition).
- Christian Enzensberger : Victorian poetry. Tennyson and Swinburne in the History of Alienation . Carl Hanser, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-446-11226-X (plus habilitation thesis, University of Munich 1969).
- Philip Henderson: Tennyson: poet and prophet , London [u. a.]: Routledge Kegan, 1978, ISBN 0-7100-8776-4
- Robert Bernard Martin: Tennyson: the unquiet heart; [a biography] . Clarendon Pr., Oxford [u. a.] 1980, ISBN 0-19-812072-9
- Elaine Jordan: Alfred Tennyson . CUP, Cambridge 1988, ISBN 978-0-521-30822-9 .
- James R. Kincaid: Tennyson's Major Poems. The Comic and Ironic Patterns . YUP Yale University Press, New Haven CT 1975, ISBN 0-300-01875-4 .
- Leonee Ormond: Alfred Tennyson. A literally life . Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1994, ISBN 0-333-43833-7 .
- James Richardson: The pre-eminent Victorian. A study of Tennyson . Greenwood Books, Westport, Conn. 1973, ISBN 0-8371-6596-2 (reprinted from London 1962 edition).
- Christopher R. Ricks (Ed.): The Poems . Penguin Books, London 2008, ISBN 978-0-14-042443-0 (3 volumes)
- Ernst T. Sehrt: Alfred Tennyson "Ulysses" . In: Karl Heinz Göller (Hrsg.): The English poetry. From the renaissance to the present . Verlag Bagel, Düsseldorf 1968 (2 volumes)
- William D. Shaw: Tennyson's Style . University Press, Ithaca NY 1976, ISBN 0-8014-1021-5 .
- Alan Sinfield: Alfred Tennyson . Blackwell, Oxford 1986, ISBN 0-631-13582-0 .
- Charles Tennyson, Christine Case: Alfred Tennyson. An Annotated Bibliography . University Press, Athens GA 1967.
- Hallam Tennyson (Ed.): The Works ("Eversley Edition"). AMS Press, New York 1970 (9 volumes, reprint of London 1907/08 edition).
- Thomas J. Wise: A Bibliography of the Writings of Alfred Lord Tennyson . Dawsons, London 1967 (2 volumes, reprinted London 1908).
- John Batchelor: Tennyson: to strive, to seek, to find . Chatto & Windus, London 2012, ISBN 978-0-7011-8058-4
- Works by and about Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson in the German Digital Library
- Works by Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson at Zeno.org .
- Project Gutenberg Works Tennyson in full text (English)
- Works by Alfred Tennyson in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Alfred Tennyson on the Internet Archive
- The Tennyson Page ( Memento from January 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Alfred Lord Tennyson: A Brief Biography on the Victorianweb
- Christopher Ricks: Tennyson, Alfred, first Baron Tennyson. In: Henry Colin Gray Matthew, Brian Harrison (Eds.): Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , from the earliest times to the year 2000 (ODNB). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2004, ISBN 0-19-861411-X , ( oxforddnb.com license required ), as of 2004, accessed August 9, 2019.
- Telling Trails, Twickenham ( English ) Terri McCargar. September 14, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. (PDF file) Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed April 15, 2020 .
- Entry on Tennyson, Alfred, (1809 - 1891), 1st Baron Tennyson in the Archives of the Royal Society , London
- The London Gazette : 25308, 25308 , January 15, 1884.
- George Somes Layard: Tennyson and his pre-Raphaelite illustrators. A book about a book . Elliot Stock, London 1894, Text Archive - Internet Archive
|New title created||
|SURNAME||Tennyson, Alfred, 1st Baron Tennyson|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Tennyson, Alfred|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British poet|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 6, 1809|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Somersby , Lincolnshire|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 6, 1892|
|Place of death||Aldworth at Reading|