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Mosque in Andijon

Mosque in Andijon

Basic data
State : UzbekistanUzbekistan Uzbekistan
Province: Andijon
Coordinates : 40 ° 46 '  N , 72 ° 20'  E Coordinates: 40 ° 46 '15 "  N , 72 ° 20' 1"  E
Andijon (Uzbekistan)
Height : 461  m
Residents : 318,439 (2005)
Agglomeration : 542,617 (2005)
Telephone code : (+998) 74
Climate diagram of Andijon

Andijon or Andischon (Uzbek-Cyrillic Андижон [ andiʤɒn ]; Russian Андижан Andischan , also transcribed as Andizhan ) is a city in eastern Uzbekistan with 318,439 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2005). It is located 475 kilometers east of Tashkent in the Fergana Valley and is the capital and cultural center of the Andijon province .


Earlier time

The city was founded in the 9th century. Andijon developed into an important trading hub on the Silk Road over time . In the second half of the 14th century it belonged to the Timurid Empire , in 1375 Timur appointed a governor here . In the 15th century it was declared the provincial capital.

In the 18th and 19th centuries it was part of the Kokand Khanate .

In 1876 Russian forces took the city. The Andijon uprising against the rule of Tsar Nicholas II was brutally suppressed in 1898.

Modern times

An earthquake on December 13, 1902 caused severe damage in Andijon. More than 4,000 people died.

The city is the birthplace of the founder of the Mughal Empire, Mohammed Babur Khan (1483-1530). The museum opened in his honor in 1989 is considered a sight .

The artist Peter Cheban , a painter of romantic realism , was also born in Andijon in 1952 .

On the evening of May 13, 2005, Islom Karimov , the dictatorial ruler of Uzbekistan since 1989, had demonstrations by military units and special units of the Ministry of the Interior put down. Several hundred people died in the process. There are contradicting and no independent accounts of what happened.

The night before a prison was stormed by a group of people who freed many of the approximately 730 prisoners held there. The unrest was triggered by an upcoming trial against 23 people suspected of terrorism or radical Islamism . They were accused of having contacts with the banned Hizb ut-Tahrir .


Andijon is an industrial center (electronics, textile, food industry). Nearby is cotton grown and petroleum and natural gas promoted.

Satellite photo of Andijon

sons and daughters of the town

See also

Web links

Commons : Andijon  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Paul : Central Asia. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2012 ( Neue Fischer Weltgeschichte , Volume 10), p. 264
  2. ^ The Andijan Massacre. BBC World Service, May 13, 2015, accessed May 13, 2015 .
  3. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: For the first time the works of Abdulkhamid Chulpon are published in Russian language )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /