Mosque in Andijon
|Residents :||318,439 (2005)|
|Agglomeration :||542,617 (2005)|
|Telephone code :||(+998) 74|
Andijon or Andischon (Uzbek-Cyrillic Андижон [ andiʤɒn ]; Russian Андижан Andischan , also transcribed as Andizhan ) is a city in eastern Uzbekistan with 318,439 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2005). It is located 475 kilometers east of Tashkent in the Fergana Valley and is the capital and cultural center of the Andijon province .
The city was founded in the 9th century. Andijon developed into an important trading hub on the Silk Road over time . In the second half of the 14th century it belonged to the Timurid Empire , in 1375 Timur appointed a governor here . In the 15th century it was declared the provincial capital.
In the 18th and 19th centuries it was part of the Kokand Khanate .
An earthquake on December 13, 1902 caused severe damage in Andijon. More than 4,000 people died.
The artist Peter Cheban , a painter of romantic realism , was also born in Andijon in 1952 .
On the evening of May 13, 2005, Islom Karimov , the dictatorial ruler of Uzbekistan since 1989, had demonstrations by military units and special units of the Ministry of the Interior put down. Several hundred people died in the process. There are contradicting and no independent accounts of what happened.
The night before a prison was stormed by a group of people who freed many of the approximately 730 prisoners held there. The unrest was triggered by an upcoming trial against 23 people suspected of terrorism or radical Islamism . They were accused of having contacts with the banned Hizb ut-Tahrir .
sons and daughters of the town
- Bahodirjon Sultanow (* 1985), Uzbek Olympic champion in boxing
- Ruslan Chagayev (* 1978), Uzbek world boxing champion of the WBA
- Sevara Nazarxon (Sevara Nazarkhan; * 1978), Uzbek musician, singer and songwriter
- Muhammadqodir Abdullayev (* 1973), Uzbek Olympic champion in boxing
- Abdulhamid Choʻlpon (1893–1938), poet and writer.
- Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (1483–1530), founder of the Mughal Empire in India, see also: Babur Memorial Park .
- Hasanboy Doʻsmatov (* 1993), Uzbek Olympic champion in boxing
- Jürgen Paul : Central Asia. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2012 ( Neue Fischer Weltgeschichte , Volume 10), p. 264
- The Andijan Massacre. BBC World Service, May 13, 2015, accessed May 13, 2015 .
- ferghana.ru: ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: For the first time the works of Abdulkhamid Chulpon are published in Russian language )