The Arctic Sunrise 2011 in the port of Nassau (Bahamas)
The Arctic Sunrise is a former research ship that has been used by the political non-profit organization Greenpeace since 1995 . It is classified as an icebreaker , was measured at 949 GT and has a lifting capacity of 610 tons. The home port of Arctic Sunrise is Amsterdam .
The ship is operated by a crew of twelve and can accommodate up to 100 people. Due to the large radius of action (theoretically, it would be possible to circumnavigate the world without refueling), the Arctic Sunrise is of enormous importance for Greenpeace.
The Arctic Sunrise was laid on the Vaagen-Verft in Kyrksæterøra in February 1974 and was launched in September of the same year. Under the name Polarbjørn ( Norwegian : " polar bear ") she was brought into service in January 1975 for the owner Stichting Gentu and used in seal hunting.
After the takeover by Greenpeace, the ship was renamed Arctic Sunrise in 1995 . It was rebuilt in 1996 for Greenpeace within four months and extended to a length of 49.62 meters. In the course of this renovation, the radio room was renewed and a lecture room was installed. In order to be able to launch rubber boats faster, the cranes were replaced.
Operations and incidents
The Arctic Sunrise made its first mission for Greenpeace when it attempted to sink the Brent Spar oil tank in the spring of 1995.
In 2012, the ship was sailing off the 531 km long coast of Senegal to document the practices of fishing fleets and factory vessels and to protest against overfishing . On this coast the cool Canary Current , the warm equatorial current and cold upwelling water meet; therefore it offers fish a lot of food.
"Save the Arctic" campaign
On September 19, 2013, the Arctic Sunrise was stormed by armed Russian border guards . The day before, Greenpeace activists tried to occupy the Priraslomnaja oil platform of the Russian state company Gazprom in the Pechora Sea. Two people were arrested. Armed men fired eleven warning shots and ordered the ship to turn back. When the ship was stormed, the crew members were threatened with weapons, according to Greenpeace. According to a Twitter message from a crew member, the gunmen had roped off a helicopter belonging to the FSB domestic intelligence service .
Greenpeace stressed that the ship was in international waters . Greenpeace had protested against oil drilling in the region with the Arctic Sunrise , since it accuses Russia of endangering the ecologically sensitive area. The crew was forced to drive the ship to the port of Murmansk .
Russian and foreign environmentalists have long accused Gazprom and other energy giants of ignoring ecological risks when looking for new sources of extraction ( exploration ).
On November 22, 2013, at the request of the Netherlands , the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea ordered the release of all activists on bail. Russia did not take part in the proceedings because, when it ratified the Convention on the Law of the Sea on March 12, 1997, it made a reservation not to recognize the Court of Justice in matters relating to the law of the sea. The majority of Greenpeace activists, however, were released from custody on bail of 45,000 euros each, including Peter Willcox , the ship's captain. A total of 24 out of 30 crew members have been released.
At the end of July 2014, the Arctic Sunrise was able to leave Russian territorial waters again.
An international arbitration tribunal in The Hague awarded Greenpeace damages in August 2015. However, Russia had already rejected the arbitration proceedings beforehand.
Campaign against oil drilling in the Canary Islands
On November 19, 2014, the Arctic Sunrise was confiscated by the Spanish Navy. According to Greenpeace, Spain is demanding a deposit of 50,000 euros for the release of the ship.
Machine system and drive
The Arctic Sunrise is powered by a 9-cylinder four-stroke diesel engine of the type MaK 9M452AK with an indexed output of 2,495 PSi (corresponds to around 1619 kW), which acts on a controllable pitch propeller via a gearbox and shaft system . The ship can thus reach a speed of 13 knots . A transverse thruster system with 400 HP each is installed in the front and aft . Power is supplied by two Deutz 6BF6M1013 diesel generators with an apparent power of 175 kVA each.
- Information on Arctic Sunrise , Greenpeace
- The Arctic Sunrise , Greenpeace International (English)
- Webcam of the Arctic Sunrise
- Arctic Sunrise. DNV GL, accessed April 16, 2018 .
- Communicationat the International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved May 1, 2012 .
- Greenpeace International: The Arctic Sunrise - History. Retrieved November 23, 2010 .
- Greenpeace ship rammed by whalers ( Memento of August 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive ), Greenpeace, January 8, 2009.
- Greenpeace against overfishing en route in Senegal , communication from Greenpeace, February 16, 2012.
- Russian border guards board Greenpeace ship , Spiegel Online, September 19, 2013.
- tagesschau.de: Apparently Greenpeace ship stormed ( memento from September 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), September 19, 2013.
- Spiegel Online: Violent stop of the "Arctic Sunrise": Russians force Greenpeace ship to Murmansk , September 20, 2013, accessed on September 23, 2013.
- spiegel.de: Polar Sea: Russians tow Greenpeace ship into port , September 24, 2013.
- Spiegel.de: Escalated protest: Russian security forces force Greenpeace ship into port , nine photos, September 24, 2013.
- tagesschau.de: Russia must approve "Arctic Sunrise" ( memento from November 25, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), November 22, 2013.
- n-tv: Arctic Sunrise leaves Murmansk , August 1, 2014.
- Russia has to pay , THB - Deutsche Schiffahrts-Zeitung, August 27, 2015.
- Deutsche Welle: Spain hijacks Greenpeace ship off the Canary Islands , November 19, 2014.