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Ashkelon coat of arms
Flag of Ashkelon
Basic data
hebrew : אשקלון
arabic : عسقلان
State : IsraelIsrael Israel
District : south
Coordinates : 31 ° 40 '  N , 34 ° 34'  E Coordinates: 31 ° 39 '57 "  N , 34 ° 33' 59"  E
Height : 36  m
Area : 47.788  km²
Residents : 140,968 (as of 2018)
Population density : 2,950 inhabitants per km²
Community code : 7100
Time zone : UTC + 2
Postal code : 78001-78816
Community type: City administration
Website :
Ashkelon (Israel)

Ashkelon ( Hebrew אשקלון[aʃkɛ'lɔn], Arabic عسقلان, DMG ʿAsqalān , Akkadian Iš-qi-il-lu-nu, Latin Ascalon ) is a city in the southern district of Israel . It is located north of Gaza City on the south-eastern Mediterranean coast .


The center of today's Ashkelon is the Afridar district . The city has an extensive sandy beach. On the southern outskirts of the city there is an archaeological park with the ruins of the ancient settlements by the sea.


Ashkelon was an important trading city and an important fortified place on the traffic routes between Egypt and Palestine from the Middle Bronze Age to the Middle Ages . There are also older finds on site, for example from the Stone Age . After the crusades, the place sank into insignificance. At the end of the Ottoman Empire there was a small Arab settlement here. In order to promote Ashkelon in the State of Israel , it was given the status of a development city .


The Israeli Central Statistical Office gives the following population figures for Ashkelon in the censuses of May 22, 1961, May 19, 1972, June 4, 1983, November 4, 1995 and December 28, 2008:

Year of the census 1961 1972 1983 1995 2008 2016
Number of inhabitants 24,310 43,000 52,894 80,938 110,416 134.454


The largest reverse osmosis system in the world is currently (2006) in Ashkelon . It feeds 370,000 cubic meters of desalinated seawater into the Israeli drinking water network every day . This corresponds to 6 to 7% of the total Israeli fresh water requirement or 15% of the drinking water requirement. A further expansion of the plant is planned.

The Rutenberg coal-fired power station near Ashkelon supplies the region, including the Gaza Strip , with electricity .


The city is connected to the Israel Railways network. Connections to Tel Aviv and Lod lead to the north, the Ashkelon – Be'er Scheva railway line to the south and a route to Kirjat Gat, which is only used by freight trains .


  • Benny Vaknin (until 2013)
  • Itamar Shimoni (2013-2017)
  • Tomer Glam (since 2017)


The Sala stadium holds 10,000 spectators and is home to the Hapoel Ashkelon football club . Ashkelon was planned as the venue for the Israel Grand Prix in November 1970 , an automobile sport event based on Formula 2 criteria. The race had to be canceled due to serious safety deficiencies.

Town twinning

America Europe Africa Asia

CanadaCanada Côte-Saint-Luc , Canada Portland ( Oregon ), USA Baltimore , USA
United StatesUnited States
United StatesUnited States

FranceFrance Aix-en-Provence , France Sopot , Poland Kutaisi , Georgia Pankow district of Berlin, Germany

UgandaUganda Entebbe , Uganda

China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Xinyang , China

sons and daughters of the town

More worth knowing

Ashkelon Archaeological Park

Ashkelon is also home to the Shikma Prison , which was previously named after the city.

Web links

Commons : Ashkelon  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. אוכלוסייה ביישובים 2018 (population of the settlements 2018). (XLSX; 0.13 MB) Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , August 25, 2019, accessed May 11, 2020 .
  2. ^ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. Ashkelon Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plant, Israel . Water Technology.
  4. Israel and Occupied Territories . ( Memento of March 14, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), March 28, 2002; Retrieved March 29, 2011.