Auguste Le Prévost

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Auguste Le Prévost bust by Jean-Marie Bonnassieux (1810–1892) in the Bernay Museum.

Auguste Le Prévost (born June 3, 1787 in Bernay , † July 14, 1859 in La Vaupalière , Seine-Maritime ) was a French archaeologist and historian . Le Prévost and Arcisse de Caumont (1801–1873) are considered to be the founding fathers of history in Normandy .


In 1813 Le Prévost joined the Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Rouen ( Academy of Science and Fine Arts ) founded in 1744 . In August 1814 he was appointed sub-prefect of Bernay. However, he retired from this office in November 1815 and devoted himself only to his studies on Normandy. He also learned various historical and modern languages , English , Italian , German , Swedish , Sanskrit , Hebrew , ancient Greek and Latin . He studied classical philology , toponomastics , geology , botany , ancient history and archeology . His knowledge was very extensive, but his particular merit lay in the critical method of his work.

In 1818 the writers Charles Nodier (1780–1844), Isidore Taylor (1789–1879) and Alphonse de Cailleux undertook a two-month trip through Upper Normandy , during which they made material for their book series Voyages pittoresques et romantiques dans l'ancienne France (“ Picturesque and romantic journeys through old France ”). When they arrived in Upper Normandy, Le Prévost was their guide. He showed them around, explained everything to them and even gave Nodier his notes. During this trip, a friendship developed between Nodier and Le Prévost. This was followed by a lively correspondence between Le Prévost and the writers. The first book came out in 1820, the second in 1825, both dealing with Normandy.

Le Prévost presided over the learned society Société centrale d'agriculture de la Seine-inférieure (Society for Agriculture in Seine-inférieure) and the Société libre d'agriculture, sciences, arts et belles-lettres de l'Eure ( Society for Agriculture and Fine Arts in Eure ). In 1825 he published his Discours sur la poésie romantique . In 1830 he went into politics and in 1831 became General Councilor of the Canton of Bernay. From 1834 to 1848 he was a member of the National Assembly . In 1838 he was elected as a "free member" of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres , of which he belonged until his death. From 1838 to 1852 he published the Historiæ ecclesiasticæ libri tredecem by Ordericus Vitalis in five volumes.

Le Prévost was a founding member of the Société des antiquaires de Normandie (Society of Antiquarians of Normandy). Together with Arcisse de Caumont, Charles de Gerville (1769-1853) and Gervais de La Rue (1751-1835), he wrote pioneering writings on architectural studies . Le Prévost divided the post-Roman architecture of Normandy into Romanesque , Gothic , Renaissance and Modern . His system was based on Thomas Rickman's (1776–1841) classification of medieval English architecture.

House on rue Auguste Leprevost

His Mémoires et notes de M. Auguste Le Prevost pour servir à l'histoire du département de l'Eure were published by Louis Passy (1830–1913) and Léopold Delisle (1826–1910) between 1862 and 1869 after his death . A bust of Le Prévost was inaugurated in Bernay in 1883 and is now in the museum there. A street in the city center is named after him, rue Auguste Leprevost .


  • Société des antiquaires de Normandie (ed.): Mémoire sur la collection de vases antiques trouvée, en mars 1830 à Berthouville . T. Chalopin, Caen 1832 (French, text archive - Internet Archive ).
  • Anciennes territoriales de la Normandie . Crapelet, Paris 1839 (French, Gallica ).
  • Dictionnaire des anciens noms de lieu du département de l'Eure . Typographie d'Ancelle fils, Évreux 1839 (French, Google Books ).
  • Notes pour servir à la topographie et à l'histoire des communes du département de l'Eure au moyen age . Impr. De A. Hérissey, Évreux 1849 (French, text archive - Internet Archive ).
  • Léopold Delisle, Louis Paulin Passy (eds.): Mémoires et notes de M. Auguste Le Prevost pour servir à l'histoire du département de l'Eure . tape 1-3 (1862-1869) . Auguste Herissey, Évreux (French, Part 1  - Internet Archive , Part 2  - Internet Archive ).


Web links

Commons : Auguste Le Prévost  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Gilles Rossignol: Your . La Renaissance du Livre, Tournai 2001, ISBN 978-2-8046-0507-0 , pp. 16 f . (French).
  2. A.-A. Porée: Note on Auguste Le Prévost and Charles Nodier.
  3. ^ List of members of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Accessed on May 18, 2010 (French).
  4. Historiæ ecclesiasticæ libri tredecem  - Internet Archive (Latin with French footnotes).
  5. ^ Sociétés savantes de France. Retrieved May 20, 2010 (French).
  6. ^ Matthias Noell: Classement and classification. Order systems for the preservation of monuments in France and Germany. (PDF; 103 kB) April 2, 2005, pp. 2 + 5 , accessed on May 20, 2010 .
  7. ^ Julien Havet: Livres nouveaux . In: Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes . tape 44 , no. 44 , 1883, p. 549 (French, [accessed May 20, 2010] entry 578).