Bachern (Friedberg)

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Bachern (Friedberg)
City of Friedberg
Coordinates: 48 ° 18 ′ 40 ″  N , 11 ° 2 ′ 45 ″  E
Height : 496 m
Residents : 670  (December 31, 2016)
Incorporation : July 1, 1972
Incorporated into: Ottmaring
Postal code : 86316
Area code : 08208
Church of St. Georg in Bachern from the south

Bachern has been part of Friedberg since the municipal reform of 1978 and currently has around 700 inhabitants.

From 1972 to 1978 Bachern was part of the Ottmaring community . Ottmaring is now also a district of Friedberg.

Geographical location

Bachern is located around seven kilometers southeast of Friedberg and is connected to the road network of the Free State of Bavaria via State Road 2379 . The Eisbach flows through the village and later flows into the Paar . This is how the name is derived from "Bach".


Early days

Based on some finds that have been made in the vicinity of Bachern, settlement activity in the area of ​​this district of Friedberg is assumed as early as Roman times. In Heilachwald between Kissing and Bachem, however, look for cairns , probably by Celts .

middle Ages

Bachern was first mentioned in a document in 763 as "Pahhara". Around 1120, Count Palatine Otto V. von Wittelsbach took over the guardianship of the estates of the St. Ulrich and Afra Abbey in Augsburg on the other side of the Lech . The document also lists “leases” under the farmsteads (curtilia) whose bailiff is determined to him . A Gotfridus de Pacharn is attested for 1135, an Arnoldus de Pacharn for 1140, and a Gelwart von Bachen for 1171. A few years later, in the papal bull of August 6, 1177 (Venice Rialto), among many other goods from the Meierhof to “Pacche”, Pope Alexander III. (1159–1181) secured the St. Ulrich monastery. Haidenricus de Bachern and his wife Mechthilde donated a large part of the property to the monastery in the 12th century. In 1270 belonged in addition to goods u. a. in Ottmaring and Rederzhausen also the court in Bachern to the Wittelsbach office, ducal district court Aichach. The oldest sage book of Ortisei from the 13th century speaks of ten barely worthy lifts to "Bachen", the one from 1404 of only six landholders with donations to money and chickens.

Outside the village stood on a hill, the so-called Burgstall Bachern , in the early Middle Ages the Bachern Castle. According to legend, it sank into the ground. In fact, traces of settlement on the castle stables were found during excavations. Today there is only the so-called “hunter's house” in the center of the village, which used to house the hunters of the castle lords.

Modern times

Outbuilding of the (largely) disappeared castle

In the course of the expansion of the Friedberg City Court to a district court by Duke Ludwig the Gebarteten around 1415, the part of Bachern on the right bank of the Hagel or Eisenbach belonged to the Mering court. In the 15th century, the Hofmark Bachern was temporarily owned by Georg Kaib von Hohenstein, who owned three farms in the village of Bachern in 1432 to the St. Ulrich monastery in Augsburg and on November 24, 1433 the castle stables with other goods from Bachern to the widow Dorothea von Haldenberg, b. from chamber, sold. Later the place came to the von Közz zu Egenhofen. In 1457 then at the same time to Ernst von Welden and Fritz von Pienzenau, who however sold his share to Ernst von Welden on August 7, 1465. The place then remained in the hands of the Welden family for almost 130 years, until Michael von Welden took over the Hofmark Bachern on September 22, 1594 with the right of patronage and jurisdiction. He sold wooden stamps and everything that went with them for 20,500 guilders to the Heilig Kreuz monastery in Augsburg. The following year, the monastery had a small castle with four corner towers built in the village (demolished after the secularization of 1803). In a land survey carried out in 1818, the current boundaries were roughly established. Documents from this period reported from 55 families or 234 residents. The old parish church, consecrated in 1463, stood on the mountain southeast of the village. In 1831 the tower and nave were demolished; the choir room still serves as a cemetery chapel. In the same year construction of the new church began. In 1850 the altars from Augsburg Cathedral were put up.

The two world wars also claimed victims in Bachern. In her memory there is a war memorial near the parish church of St. George. For Bachern, the Second World War came to an end on April 28, 1945 . On this day Bachern was captured by the US Army after tough fighting with the SS, which was moving in the direction of Munich . After the Second World War, new ones were purchased in 1947 to replace the church bells that had been melted down during the war. The land consolidation was carried out and the municipal road network expanded. In 1979 the sports and rifle home was built, which was expanded in 2000. Until 1970 Bachern was an independent municipality. It was attached to the municipality of Ottmaring on July 1, 1972, and to the city of Friedberg in 1978 . In 1995 a separate kindergarten, St. Hedwig, was built.

Architectural monuments

See also: List of architectural monuments in Bachern


  • Bartholomäus Öberl (* 1660); Baroque sculptor born in Bachern
  • Ludwig Schneider (* around 1645); born in Bachern; Goldschmid and member of the Great Council in Augsburg


Bachern has a fitness trail in the mixed forest near the village. The landscape is suitable for hiking and cycling.


  • Sport-Freunde Bachern e. V.
  • Schützengemeinschaft Bachern e. V.
  • Citizens' Initiative Tailwind for Erlauholz e. V.
  • Volunteer fire brigade Bachern e. V.
  • Fruit and horticultural association Bachern e. V.
  • CSU local association Bachern-Rohrbach
  • SPD local association Bachern-Ottmaring
  • Bachern Hunting Association
  • Warrior and Soldier Association Bachern e. V.
  • Landjugend Bachern e. V.

Web links


  • Hubert Raab: Experience Friedberg [with all parts of the city]. Kulturverlag Holzheu, Mering 2010, ISBN 978-3-938330-10-4 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ City of Friedberg in Bavaria - data and facts. In: Retrieved June 24, 2017 .
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 465 .
  3. ^ Hubert Raab: Experience Friedberg: [with all parts of the city] . Kulturverlag Holzheu, Mering 2010, ISBN 978-3-938330-10-4 .