Baden State Museum

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Baden State Museum
The Badisches Landesmuseum in Karlsruhe
place Karlsruhe, Germany
Culture, art and regional history museum
opening 1921 (first opening)
1959 (reopening)
ISIL DE-MUS-072119

The Badisches Landesmuseum in Karlsruhe is the largest museum of culture, art and regional history in the Baden region of Baden-Württemberg . With its globally significant collections, which represent more than 50,000 years of international cultural history , it conveys history and historical living environments. Its collections range from prehistory and early history through the Middle Ages to the 21st century. The museum was founded in 1919 and opened in 1921 in the rooms of the Karlsruhe Palace .


In 1873, Friedrich I had a collection building built on Friedrichsplatz for his library and extensive collections . Here they were open to the public as the Grand Ducal Collection for Antiquity and Ethnology in Karlsruhe . After the abdication of the Grand Duke Friedrich II of Baden , the Karlsruhe Palace, located in the center of the baroque city complex, was taken over by the Baden state in 1918 and designated as the seat of a newly founded museum of cultural history.

The museum was founded in 1919 and was created through the merger of the "Antiquities Collection" with the Baden Museum of Applied Arts. It was opened on July 24, 1921 in the rooms of the castle. Hans Rott was the first director until 1938. In 1936 the Badisches Münzkabinett was incorporated into the museum. Friedrich Wielandt was its director until 1971 . Karlsruhe Palace was destroyed in 1944 during the Second World War . Most of the museum's holdings were saved. From 1955 the burnt out castle was rebuilt. The exterior was faithfully reconstructed, while the interior was designed in accordance with the requirements of a modern museum. The Badisches Landesmuseum was reopened in 1959, and the castle café opened in 1965. With Jürgen Thimme was from 1959 to 1982 for the first time an archaeologist head of the antiquities department. In the 1990s, the refurbishment of the collections began with the integration of the museum's extensive new acquisitions. In 2009 the Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe had around 300,000 visitors.

The diadem of the Grand Duchess Hilda von Baden

End of April 2017 was a manufactured from the Baden court jeweler Schmidt dust circa 1907 gold and platinum, set with 367 diamonds Diadem of Grand Duchess Hilda von Baden stolen worth 1.2 million euros from a display case in the throne room in the First floor of the museum. As it became known in June 2017, there was already a theft in October 2016. It was an ivory sculpture from 1620 worth 500,000 euros by the sculptor Leonhard Kern . It shows the Roman woman Fulvia with the severed head of Cicero. The prosecutor saw no connection between the two incidents.

In 2019 the museum celebrated its 100th anniversary with a large museum festival.


The collection exhibitions

The different collections can be seen partly in Karlsruhe Palace, partly in several branch offices and branch museums.

Karlsruhe Castle

Gaius Caesar in the Baden State Museum
Karl Friedrich von Baden in the Baden State Museum

The museum's collections are presented on four floors in Karlsruhe Palace. The most important collection of antiquities in Baden-Württemberg and the booty from the Turks , most of which Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden brought back from the Turkish Wars in 1691, are well known . For the 100th anniversary of the founding, the latest collection exhibition Archeology in Baden - Expothek¹ was opened in July 2019 .

The departments in the castle include:

In the basement

Archeology in Baden - Expothek¹: vessels, weapons, tools, jewelry from the early cultural history in Baden from the Paleolithic Age (approx. 650,000 BC) to the Carolingians (8th century AD). The exhibition is a pilot project for the new museum concept of the Badisches Landesmuseum and offers digital research tools and virtual reality. The expotheque in the center of the exhibition is like a research laboratory. Here, registered users can have original objects presented to them by trained employees after placing an order.

History of the Romans on the Upper Rhine: Roman culture and way of life on the Upper Rhine. Mithras relief and cellar of a Roman villa.

On the ground floor

Ancient cultures of the Mediterranean I and II: exhibits of the ancient, Greek and Roman cultures. Etruscans, Lower Italy and Sicily. Furnishings from Roman villas. Early Christian-Byzantine objects.

Special exhibitions

On the first floor

Late Middle Ages: Estates in the Middle Ages (nobles, citizens and farmers).

Renaissance and Early Baroque: From the Reformation to the Wars of Succession. Sculptures.

Karlsruhe Palace and Courtyard: building history of the palace, street system. Portraits of the princes of the House of Baden who ruled from 1715 to 1918 . Insignia. Presents to the House of Baden.

Armory: cut , stabbing and firearms are on display in the armory.

“So-called Turkish booty”: equipment from the time of the Turkish wars . Weapons, riding gear and armor.

On the second floor

Weltkultur / Global Culture: The topic is the mutual influence of European and non-European cultures and the role of mediating cultures. Cooperations exist with museums in Tunisia , Algeria , Turkey , Greece , Italy and France .

Baden and Europe (1789 to today): The permanent exhibition shows exhibits on the history of Baden from 1789 to the present day, including Napoleon, Grand Duke Karl Friedrich and revolutionary Friedrich Hecker .

Service facilities

The museum has a reference library on the exhibition topics, a museum shop and the castle café with Baden specialties.

Branch offices and branch museums

In addition to the castle, the Badisches Landesmuseum has eight branch offices and branch museums.

  • Museum near the market , Karlsruhe
    The museum near the market houses the extensive collections of applied arts since 1900. Works from the most important centers of European Art Nouveau, from the German Werkbund and the Bauhaus as well as from the twenties and thirties are on display . Modern design testimonies are represented by artists such as Jasper Morrison and many others.
  • Museum in der Majolika , Karlsruhe
    The Museum in der Majolika documents the history of the important Karlsruhe majolica manufacture from its foundation in 1901 to the recent past. During its existence, this production facility has reacted to almost all art-historical trends and cultural-historical events. The artistic and cultural-historical changes of the past century are therefore reflected in the exhibited products.
  • German Music Automat-Museum , Bruchsal
    Around 500 exhibits of the German Music Automat-Museum in Bruchsal Castle show the development of the music automatons from the handicraft production in the 17th and 18th centuries through the heyday in the late 19th century to the swan song in the time of the Great Depression in the 1920s.
  • Ceramics Museum , Staufen im Breisgau
    The museum was set up in the former house with a pottery workshop, whichprovides an insight into the everyday work processes of the pottery tradewith a clay pit, pottery wheel , glaze mill and two wood kilns. In addition to the collection of works by the previous owners and Elisabeth Winter-Bonn, the museum offers several temporary exhibitions a year, including a. with contemporary ceramics.
  • South Baden branch , Staufen im Breisgau
    The southern Baden branch is also located in Staufen, a
    branch that emerged from the former regional office for folklore. She is responsible for the interests of the BLM in South Baden, for the Staufen Ceramics Museum and maintains a public library and a photo archive on the subject of folklore.
  • Neuenbürg Castle
    The museum in Neuenbürg Castle shows on the one hand the fairy tale The Cold Heart by Wilhelm Hauff in a walk-through staging , on the other hand the past of the castle and its immediate surroundings is presented. The castle cellar is reserved for exhibitions of contemporary art.
  • Monastery Museum , Calw-Hirsau
    The Hirsau Monastery Museum near Calw is located next to the ruins of the Hirsau Monastery , one of the most important monasteries of the Middle Ages . The exhibition provides a good insight into the Hirsau monastery culture, which dates back more than 1100 years, the life of the monks and the local and social history of the Hirsau health resort in the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • Monastery Museum Salem (Baden) in the Reichsabbey Salem : Exhibition of masterpieces of the Reichsabbey with altarpieces and sculptures.

Special exhibitions

Female Cycladic idol 75/49 in the Badisches Landesmuseum, which was restituted in 2014

In addition to its collection exhibitions, the Badisches Landesmuseum shows several special exhibitions each year, some of which are major national exhibitions .

  • In 1980, the same fund, unique in Germany, was followed by the exhibition “Art and Culture of Sardinia”.
  • In 2009/2010 the museum showed the exhibition Heirs of the Empire in North Africa. The Kingdom of the Vandals .
  • In 2016/2017 the museum showed the exhibition Ramses - Divine Ruler on the Nile.
  • In 2017/2018 the exhibition The Etruscans - World Culture in Ancient Italy was shown.
  • In 2018/2029 the exhibition Mycenae - The legendary world of Agamemnon was on view.
  • In 2019/2020 the museum showed the exhibition Kaiser and Sultan - Neighbors in Central Europe 1600–1700 .

Actions in public

  • Museum festival
  • long museum nights for special exhibitions
  • Events in the museum outside of opening hours
  • Karlsruhe Museum Night ( KAMUNA )
  • International Museum Day
  • Participation in the biennial city birthday
  • Museum educational events and projects

Collections on the Internet

With the digital catalog, the Badisches Landesmuseum enables new access to its collections. The offer is constantly expanding, more and more properties can be researched.

See also


Web links

Commons : Badisches Landesmuseum  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Harald Siebenmorgen: The Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe introduces itself. In: Südkurier of April 25, 2014, supplement 600 years of the Konstanz Council, p. 6.
  2. ^ Entry on the homepage of the Numismatic Commission of the States in the Federal Republic of Germany ; accessed on June 30, 2015
  3. ^ History of the Badisches Landesmuseum , accessed on April 16, 2020.
  4. dpa: Southwest: Hilda's diadem stolen. Badische Zeitung, May 9, 2017, accessed on May 9, 2017 .
  5. Anika Maldacker and dpa: Südwest: Sicherheit: Badisches Landesmuseum after the second theft in the criticism. Badische Zeitung, June 28, 2017, accessed on June 29, 2017 .
  6. Badische Latest News from March 20, 2020: Director for 22 years: Harald Siebenmorgen is dead - he shaped the Badisches Landesmuseum in Karlsruhe , accessed on March 24, 2020
  7. Harald Siebenmorgen: The Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe introduces itself. In: Südkurier of April 25, 2014, supplement 600 years of the Konstanz Council, p. 6.
  8. Collection exhibitions of the Badisches Landesmuseum in the castle. , accessed on April 16, 2020.
  9. ^ Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe (ed.): Baden in history. Brochure from around 2014.
  10. Harald Siebenmorgen: The Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe introduces itself. In: Südkurier of April 25, 2014, supplement 600 years of the Konstanz Council, p. 6.
  11. ^ Museum> Other locations> Staufen Ceramic Museum. Retrieved April 16, 2020 .
  12. Press release: Return of looted grave art to the Greek Ministry of Science, Research and Art, Baden-Württemberg, June 6, 2014

Coordinates: 49 ° 0 ′ 49 ″  N , 8 ° 24 ′ 16 ″  E