Chomutov railway station
Chomutov railway station (2015)
|Operating point type
|October 8, 1870
|City / municipality
|Height ( SO )
|List of train stations in the Czech Republic
The station Chomutov (until 1945 German: Chomutov ) is a train station ( "Stanice") classified operating location in northern Bohemia County Ústecký kraj in Czech Republic . It is located in the area of the city of Chomutov at the address Nádražní 594, 430 01 Chomutov. Four railway lines meet in the station.
- until 1919: Komotau
- 1919 to 1938: Komotau / Chomutov
- 1938 to 1945: Komotau
- since 1945: Chomutov
1870 to 1918
The Komotau station was opened on October 8, 1870 at the same time as the Dux –Komotau section of the Aussig – Komotau railway, which was operated by the Aussig-Teplitz railway . On December 19, 1872, the Osseg –Komotau section of the Bodenbach – Komotau railway was put into operation, which was operated by the Dux-Bodenbacher Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft .
As early as February 4, 1871, the Buschtěhrad Railway significantly expanded its route network with the double-track connection between Lana via Priesen to Komotau with a length of 83.8 km, thus establishing a direct connection between Prague and Komotau . In Komotau a separate train station was built, which was used together with the Aussig-Teplitz railway. The next two lines opened also belonged to the Buschtěhrad Railway. This was initially the single-track railway line Komotau – Weipert / Reitzenhain , which was inaugurated on August 1, 1872, over 57.7 km on the ridge of the Ore Mountains from Komotau to Weipert, with the connecting line in Krima - Neudorf via Sebastiansberg to the Saxon railway network in Reitzenhain . Next, on March 1, 1873, the 12 km long line from Komotau to Kaaden - Brunnersdorf was put into operation , which represented the last section of the continuous railway line Komotau - Eger . The Potscherad – Wurzmes railway, opened on February 1, 1887, provided a rail link from Komotau to Pilsen . With the five flowing railway lines Prague – Komotau, Komotau – Eger, Komotau – Weipert, Aussig – Komotau and Bodenbach – Komotau, the Komotau station was one of the five most important railway junctions in northern Bohemia. Since all routes originally belonged to three private railway companies, the Aussig-Teplitz Railway, the Dux-Bodenbacher Railway Company and the Buschtěhrad Railway each had their own part of the track system, their own board of directors and their own staff at the Komotau station.
The extensive station area had a length of 1,600 meters, 14 main and 25 secondary tracks, and 140 points. In the Buschtěhrad train station with its beautiful premises there was a large dining room.
1918 to 1945
After the establishment of Czechoslovakia as a result of the First World War , the Komotau railway station was officially given the Czech name "Chomutov". Due to the location in a predominantly German-speaking area, the previous German station name was also retained. From then on, all station signs were bilingual. At the beginning of the 1920s, most of the private railways in Czechoslovakia were nationalized by law and henceforth incorporated into the network of the Czechoslovak State Railways (ČSD). The different parts of the station were merged into one unit and placed under a single board. While the former Buschtěhrad train station became a passenger station with the additional designation Hauptbahnhof , the former station of the Dux – Bodenbacher Bahn was given the function of a marshalling yard. The station of the former Aussig – Teplitz Railway was subordinated to the station board. Regarding the staff, the new political affiliation of the city and the Chomutov / Komotau train station became noticeable. The German-Bohemian station employees were increasingly being replaced by Czechs, even if they had fulfilled the requirement to learn the Czech language.
With the annexation of the Sudetenland to the German Reich on October 1, 1938, the situation changed completely. The station was given the German name Komotau again and, like all Sudeten German railway lines between Karlsbad and Reichenberg, including the railway depots located there, was subordinated to the Reichsbahndirektion Dresden of the Deutsche Reichsbahn on October 10, 1938 . 300 German railway workers were hired again in the early months. On the railway lines to Weipert and Reitzenhain, on which the national border now fell, there was no continuous passenger train service between Chemnitz and Komotau until 1945 . Only in freight traffic there were continuous trains, and locomotives were changed in Weipert . Since with the outbreak of the Second World War many male civil servants and employees were called up for military service, women had to take over the duties as train drivers, conductors and ticket tweaks. In order to counter the increasing danger from Allied air raids in the course of the war, an air raid service was set up in the station. Shortly before the end of the war, an air raid in April 1945 completely destroyed the Komotau main train station, which, due to its importance in rail transport, was an important railway junction in northern Bohemia and is still today.
1945 to the present
After the end of the Second World War in 1945, the station came back to the ČSD . The German station name Komotau has now been replaced by the Czech version Chomutov . Due to the completely changed political conditions, there was no more cross-border traffic on the railway line to Vejprty after 1945. From June 9, 1945, the German-Bohemian population was expelled. In order not to cause a big stir at the Chomutov train station, the evacuation transports took place from the area of the Komotau stainless steel works (Poldi works) south of Chomutov. The transports led via the Cheb train station to Bavaria or via Aš to Saxony.
Large-scale lignite mining in the North Bohemian Basin reached its peak in the decades after 1945. This went hand in hand with the repeated relocation of the railway lines east and west of Chomutov, which means that today only four railway lines flow directly into the Chomutov station. Around Chomutov, a number of lignite processing companies are still connected to the rail network. Since December 9, 2007, the railway line to Vejprty has only been used for tourist-oriented traffic in the summer months (May to September) due to low occupancy.
Locomotive depot at Chomutov station
The locomotive depot of the National Technical Museum in Prague has been located in the former depot of Chomutov station since 2007 , in which the majority of the exhibits are located with around 100 locomotives, railcars, wagons and draisines of various gauges. The exhibits in the two locomotive sheds and an assembly hall thus represent the largest railway collection in the Czech Republic.
- The Komotau Central Railway Station. Chomutov Hometown, December 1967, accessed September 20, 2018 .
- data on www.zelpage.cz
- Law of June 28, 1872, concerning the construction of a railway line branching off the main line of the privileged Buschtěhrad railway near Krima and leading to the Bohemian-Saxon border near Raizenhain. RG Bl. No. 100/1872
- Concessionsurkunde of 12 November 1872 for Locomotiv railway from Krima to the Bohemian-Saxon frontier in Raizenhain. RG sheet no. 1/1873
- The Poldi Hut. Festschrift 50 years of Poldihütte 1889–1939. Komotau Hometown, 1939, accessed September 19, 2018 .
- Website of the locomotive depot at Chomutov station
- Article in the "Freie Presse" from July 4, 2016, accessed on September 16, 2018