Buschtěhrad Railway

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Buschtěhrad railway network

The Buschtěhrad Railway , in short: BEB (Czech: Buštěhradská dráha ; BD) was a private railway company in Austria and its successor state Czechoslovakia . The company operated a route network in northwestern Bohemia from 1855 to 1922. The Ore Mountains and the Egergraben were connected to Prague by the railway company .


Border station of the Buschtěhrad Railway in Weipert ( Vejprty )
Křimov station, disused line to Reitzenhain (2007)
The Krušovice brewery transported its beer in BEB refrigerated vehicles ( Railway Museum Lužná u Rakovníka ; 2008)

The boom in coal mining in the Kladno area in the middle of the 19th century made it necessary to replace the Prague – Lana horse-drawn tram with a modern means of transport for the removal of coal. For this reason, the Buschtěhrad Railway Company (Czech: Buštěhradská železniční společnost ) was constituted in 1852 , and on January 1, 1855 the concession to operate a steam railway was granted. Its name was derived from the socially significant Buštěhrad castle near Buckov, which belonged to the Fürstenberg family at the time.

On November 5, 1855, the company began operating its first line, which ran from Alt-Kladno (Staré Kladno) over 20.5 km northeast to Kralup on the Vltava , from where it was possible to ship on the Vltava and Elbe . At the same time, the old route of the horse-drawn tram between Alt-Kladno and Vejhybka (Kladno – Výhybka) was taken over and expanded. In 1863, the company also received the concession to convert the section of the horse-drawn tram between Prague and Vejhybka to steam operation, which was followed in 1867 for the Vejhybka– Lana section . The route was partially redesigned.

Due to the need for a railway connection to the sugar factories and hop producers in the Saaz and Laun area , as well as the emerging lignite mines in the North Bohemian Basin, the railway developed into a regional transport company that soon opened up the Bohemian Ore Mountains as well. On February 4, 1871, the railway company significantly expanded its route network with the double-track connection between Lana via Priesen to Komotau with a length of 83.8 km and thus established a direct connection between Prague and Komotau. In Komotau a separate train station was built, which was used together with the Aussig-Teplitz railway .

The next stretch of the Buschtiehrad Railway was the single-track connection, inaugurated on August 1, 1872, over 57.7 km on the ridge of the Ore Mountains from Komotau to Weipert ( Chomutov – Vejprty / Reitzenhain railway ) with the connecting line in Krima - Neudorf ( branch or branch line). Wing railway ) via Sebastiansberg to the Saxon railway network in Reitzenhain . The construction of this extremely winding connection is regarded as a technical masterpiece because of the rise in altitude on the steep southern slope of the mountain.

On March 1, 1873, the 12 km long route from Komotau to Kaaden - Brunnersdorf was put into operation .

In the years that followed, the company's route network continued to expand. In 1891 it reached its greatest extent of 465 km.

Nationalization of the BEB was planned even before the First World War. After 1918 the BEB routes were on the territory of the newly founded Czechoslovakia , which favored nationalization of all private railways as quickly as possible.

On January 1, 1923, the Buschtěhrad Railway was nationalized by law and became part of the Czechoslovak State Railways ČSD. The Buschtěhrad train station in Komotau merged with the stations of other former private railways to the Komotau main station and is today's passenger station.

Driving resources

Some locomotives of the Buschtěhrad Railway have been preserved to this day as exhibits in the National Technical Museum in Prague . The KLADNO locomotive from 1855 is the oldest surviving locomotive in the Czech Republic today. The former IIIa 272 (ČSD 324.391) and the Ia 419 (ČSD 300.619) are exhibited as inoperable museum locomotives in the Lužná u Rakovníka Railway Museum .

BEB steam locomotives
line Track no. design type Construction year Manufacturer ČSD no. image
I. 101-105 C2 'n2t 1855-1861 StEG locomotive factory Lokomotiva kladno.jpg
Yes 401-422 C n2t 1890-1906 Wiener Neustadt , Floridsdorf , Bohemian-Moravian machine factory 300.601-623 BEB I a 2013 Luzna.jpg
II 106-112 C n2 1863-1868 StEG locomotive factory
III 113-170 C n2 1870-1873 Locomotive factory of StEG , Floridsdorf 322.201-254
IIIa 180-277 C n2 1887-1907 Wiener Neustadt , StEG locomotive factory 324.301-396 BEB IIIa.jpg
IV 201-203 (to 1887)
D n2 1884, 1890 Wiener Neustadt 412.001-006
IVa 351-355 D n2 1909 Bohemian-Moravian machine factory 413.101-105 BEB IVa 351.jpg
V 1-20 1B n2 1870-1872 Saxon machine factory / Chemnitz 232.201-220 BEB V 10.jpg
Va 501-506 1'E1 'n2t 1918 Bohemian-Moravian machine factory 524.101-106 Locomotive 524.jpg
VI 81-84 1B n2 1873 Kessler / Karlsruhe
VII 90-96 2'B n2 1887-1897 Wiener Neustadt 253.301-307
VIII 51-73 2'C n2 1898-1914 StEG locomotive factory 354.425-447 BEB VIII 67.jpg

Buschtěhrad Railway routes

route Overall length
(in km)
Dubny – Alt Kladno 002,690 November 5, 1855 freight traffic only; Local railway operation
Wejhybka (Kladno) - Kralupp 024.813 February 23, 1856 February 23, 1872  
Prague (Bubna) –Komotau
Komotau – Eger
237.819 November 4, 1863 March 1, 1873  
Lužna-Lischan – Rakonitz 009,394 June 5, 1871 March 5, 1873 Local railway operation
Priesen-Kaaden-Brunnersdorf 010.251 November 9, 1871  
Tirschnitz – Franzensbad 004.129 December 9, 1871  
Prague (Smíchov) –Hostivice 019,334 March 3, 1872 Local railway operation
Komotau – Krima – border (–Reitzenhain) 036.243 May 12, 1872 August 23, 1875 Border – Reitzenhain stretch owned by the Kgl. Saxon. State railways , leased
Krima – Weipert border 035.144 May 12, 1872 Local railway operations; Weipert border to Kgl. Saxon. State railways leased
Falkenau border (-Klingenthal) 027.786 June 1, 1876 October 1, 1886 Local railway operations; The border – Klingenthal section owned by the Kgl. Saxon. State Railways
Krupa – Kolleschowitz 012,311 September 15, 1883 Local railway
Total: 419.914 around 1910 the total operating length including the coal and industrial railways (61.50 km) was ~ 481 km

Routes operated for the owner's account

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Law of June 28, 1872, concerning the construction of a railway line branching off the main line of the privileged Buschtěhrad railway near Krima and leading to the Bohemian-Saxon border near Raizenhain. RG Bl. No. 100/1872
  2. Concessionsurkunde of 12 November 1872 for Locomotiv railway from Krima to the Bohemian-Saxon frontier in Raizenhain. RG sheet no. 1/1873
  3. ^ History of the Railways of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Volume IV, kuk Hofbuchhandlung & kuk Hofbuchdruckerei Karl Prochaska, Vienna-Techen-Leipzig, 1899, pages 331–332