Bavarian War Academy

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Bavarian War Academy
activity 1867-1914
Sponsorship Flag of Bavaria.png Bavarian Army
inspection of the military educational institutions
place Munich
country Coat of arms of the German Empire - Kingdom of Bavaria (large) .png Kingdom of Bavaria
last director Colonel Arnold von Möhl
Portal of the former military academy

The Bavarian War Academy in Munich was the military academy of the Bavarian Army from 1867 to 1914 for training for use as a staff officer . The building is a historical monument.


The Bavarian War Academy was opened on November 1, 1867. It was based on the organization and objectives of the Prussian War Academy and trained officers of the Bavarian Army. The courses usually lasted nine months and ended with an examination by the commissions appointed for this purpose. Because of the equivalence of the training, the Bavarian army officers were exempt from attending the Prussian War Academy, which was mandatory in the German Empire . A secret service regulation in the army's mobilization plan stipulated that the War Academy should be dissolved if there was a threat of war. The 47th course could therefore no longer be started when the First World War broke out.

From 1867 to 1894 the academy was located together with the artillery and engineering school in the eastern half of the Herzog-Max-Burg . In 1894 the artillery and engineering school was relocated to Pappenheimstrasse 9 (today 14) on Marsfeld .

entry requirements

Anyone who had received the patent as an officer and was approved by a commission after a detailed examination could attend the war academy .


Officers, some of them civilians, including professors from the University of Munich , were employed as teachers and educators , with captains for military subjects and lieutenants serving as inspection and supervisory officers . The officers could be appointed for three to five years.

The lessons took place in three training blocks.

I. Military disciplines
War history
Weapon theory
Fastening art
Fortress war
Military pickup
General Staff Service
Military geography
Military administration
II. Formal disciplines
Higher Mathematics and Geodesy
General story
History of philosophy
General geography
Physical geography
Political economy
Legal studies
Languages ( French / English , from 1873 also Russian )
III. Riding exercises

In addition, sightseeing, exercises and travel, divided into three courses, were part of the training.

  • I. Course: Visiting the artillery exercises and the military shooting school on the Lechfeld . Participation in the autumn weapons exercises by assigning course participants to the infantry regiments stationed in Munich.
  • II. Course: Tactical-fortification journey
  • III. Course: Visit to the fortresses in Ulm and Ingolstadt . Inspection of the exercises of the engineer battalions. General staff trip.


The director of the War Academy was always a staff officer , later a general. The academy was subordinate to the inspection of the military educational institutions of the Bavarian Army.

Rank Surname date
Colonel Karl von Orff June 24, 1867 to January 31, 1870
Lieutenant colonel Maximilian Verri della Bosia 0February 1, 1870 to July 28, 1871
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel / Major General Otto Kleemann July 29, 1871 to February 28, 1889
Colonel / Major General Maximilian von Hartlieb called whale spur 0March 1, 1889 to September 7, 1896
Major general Karl von Landmann 0September 8, 1896 to January 23, 1899
Major general Theodor von Zwehl January 24, 1899 to September 7, 1902
Colonel / Major General Friedrich Deppert 0September 8, 1902 to August 30, 1905
Colonel / Major General Oskar von Xylander September 29, 1905 to December 29, 1907
Lieutenant colonel Paul von Kneussl December 30, 1907 to December 19, 1909
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Karl von Schoch December 20, 1909 to October 14, 1911
Colonel Albert von Schoch October 15, 1911 to April 21, 1912
Colonel / Major General Nicholas of Endres April 22, 1912 to March 26, 1913
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Arnold von Möhl March 27, 1913 to August 1, 1914

Building and current use

The richly structured renaissance - Risalitbau was in the years 1889-90 by Gustav von Schacky built.

In 1949 the building was converted into a municipal hospital by Hermann Leitenstorfer and Karl Delisle ; apart from a company kindergarten, it is now empty. Parts of the building are now used as a cheap hotel.

See also


Web links

Commons : Bavarian War Academy  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation: D-1-62-000-5102
  2. ^ Die Neue Maxburg in Munich (PDF; 668 kB), property description of the Free State of Bavaria ( Memento from November 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  3. ^ Dermot Bradley (ed.), Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Army 1815-1939 Volume 1: The higher command posts 1815-1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1990, ISBN 3-7648-1780-1 , p. 650.
  4. Sebastian Krass: Cheap hotel in a magnificent building . Süddeutsche Zeitung . March 14, 2011. Accessed March 1, 2015.

Coordinates: 48 ° 8 '50.2 "  N , 11 ° 33' 3.7"  E