Cervantes Prize

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Cervantes Prize

The Cervantes Prize, Spanish Premio Miguel de Cervantes or Premio Cervantes, is the most important literary prize in the Spanish- speaking world and has a similar reputation there as the international Nobel Prize for Literature . The award is named after Miguel de Cervantes , the author of Don Quixote . The winner will be announced towards the end of the year; the prize will then be awarded the following year on the anniversary of Cervantes' death, April 23, in his birthplace Alcalá de Henares .

The award does not refer to a single work, but to the life's work of the honored author.

The candidates are nominated by the national language academies of the Spanish-speaking countries ( Academias de la Lengua de los países de habla hispana ); The prize is awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Culture. The prize was first advertised in 1976, during the transition period (the change from dictatorship to democracy in Spain). Traditionally, a Spaniard and a Hispanic-American are named alternately as the award winner; since 1996, this unwritten rule has only been deviated from by the 2018 award winner. In total, only five women received the Cervantes Prize (as of 2018).

The Cervantes Prize was originally endowed with 90,000 euros; In 2008 the prize money was increased to 125,000 euros.

Award winners

year Award winners country
1976 Jorge Guillén Spain
1977 Alejo Carpentier Cuba
1978 Dámaso Alonso Spain
1979 Jorge Luis Borges Argentina
Gerardo Diego Spain
1980 Juan Carlos Onetti Uruguay
1981 Octavio Paz Mexico
1982 Luis Rosales Spain
1983 Rafael Alberti Spain
1984 Ernesto Sabato Argentina
1985 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester Spain
1986 Antonio Buero Vallejo Spain
1987 Carlos Fuentes Mexico
1988 Maria Zambrano Spain
1989 Augusto Roa Bastos Paraguay
1990 Adolfo Bioy Casares Argentina
1991 Francisco Ayala Spain
1992 Dulce María Loynaz Cuba
1993 Miguel Delibes Spain
1994 Mario Vargas Llosa Peru
1995 Camilo José Cela Spain
1996 José García Nieto Spain
1997 Guillermo Cabrera Infante Cuba
1998 José Hierro Spain
1999 Jorge Edwards Chile
2000 Francisco Umbral Spain
2001 Álvaro Mutis Colombia
2002 José Jiménez Lozano Spain
2003 Gonzalo Rojas Chile
2004 Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio Spain
2005 Sergio Pitol Mexico
2006 Antonio Gamoneda Spain
2007 Juan Gelman Argentina
2008 Juan Marsé Spain
2009 José Emilio Pacheco Mexico
2010 Ana María Matute Spain
2011 Nicanor Parra Chile
2012 José Manuel Caballero Bonald Spain
2013 Elena Poniatowska Mexico
2014 Juan Goytisolo Spain
2015 Fernando del Paso Mexico
2016 Eduardo Mendoza Spain
2017 Sergio Ramírez Nicaragua
2018 Ida Vitale Uruguay
2019 Joan Margarit Spain

Web links

Commons : Cervantes Prize  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Walter Haubrich : Spain's literary enterprise. In: Walther L. Bernecker: Spain today. Vervuert Verlag 2008, ISBN 978-3-86527-418-2 , p. 465 ( on Google Books )
  2. ^ Dpa: Seeing the world like a child: Cervantes Prize for poet Ida Vitale . In: The time . April 23, 2019, ISSN  0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed April 24, 2019]).
  3. Juan Marse receives the 'Cervantes Prize': Catalans awarded the literature prize , article on news.at