Charles Marie Tanneguy Duchâtel

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Charles Marie Tanneguy Duchâtel

Charles Marie Tanneguy, comte Duchâtel (born February 19, 1803 in Paris , † November 5, 1867 ibid) was a French statesman .


Charles Marie Tanneguy, comte Duchâtel was a son of Count Charles Jacques Nicolas Duchâtel (1751–1844), who was greatly encouraged by Napoleon Bonaparte . He studied law , became a lawyer and participated in the journals " Le Globe " and the " Revue francaise " from 1823 under the aegis of the Doctrinaire Party . In his book Traité de la charité dans ses rapports avec l'état moral et le bien-être matériel des classes inférieures de la société (Paris 1829), he showed himself to be a supporter of Malthus' theory .

After the July Revolution of 1830 , Duchâtel became a Councilor of State ( Conseiller d'État ) in the Ministry of Finance under Joseph Dominique Louis , but lost his office due to the cabinet reshuffle on October 11, 1832. As a result, he came on 21 February 1833 as MP for Jonzac in the Charente-Maritime in the Chamber of Deputies and because of his defense of that the American debt laws application on April 4, 1834 Trade Minister ( Ministre de l'Agriculture du et Commerce ) to Government cabinet, from which he resigned in February 1836 with the other doctrinaires. During this time he worked for a thoroughgoing reform of the French customs system, for which he appointed a large commission of experts in September 1834, the results of which he published in 1835.

From September 6, 1836 to April 15, 1837, Duchâtel was Minister of Finance . In this capacity, he presented the Chamber of Deputies with a series of magnificent drafts of public works, the only thing that was hindered from carrying out was the resignation of the doctrinaires on March 7, 1837. In 1838 he was part of the opposition to the government under Louis-Mathieu Molé . After the government crisis and the uprising of 1839, he was appointed as one of the liberal doctrinaire ministers of the interior in the cabinet formed by Nicolas-Jean de Dieu Soult on May 13, 1839 . On January 25, 1840, he resigned his office with the other ministers on the question of the Duke of Nemours' funding , but took his place again on October 29, 1840 as Minister of the Interior in the cabinet of François Pierre Guillaume Guizot .

After the February Revolution of 1848 Dûchatel resigned as Minister of the Interior and went to England , where he tried to work for the interests of the Orléans . After a few months he returned to France and withdrew entirely from the political arena. He died in Paris on November 5, 1867 at the age of 64.



  • Traité de la charité dans ses rapports avec l'état moral le bien-être matériel des classes inférieures de la société , Paris 1829; 2nd edition. 1836 under the title Considérations d'économie politique
  • Documents statistiques sur la France , Paris 1834 (complete statistical history of France, for which work Duchâtel received a sum of money as a reward from the Chamber of Deputies)


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predecessor Office successor
Adrien de Gasparin
Charles, comte de Rémusat
Minister of the Interior of France
May 12, 1839 - March 1, 1840
October 29, 1840 - February 24, 1848
Charles, comte de Rémusat
Alexandre Ledru-Rollin
predecessor Office successor
Antoine, comte d'Argout Finance Minister of France
September 6, 1836 - April 15, 1837
Jean Pierre Joseph Lacave-Laplagne