The Consistoire Nancy , like the Consistoire central israélite and another twelve regional consistories, was created by Napoleon by an imperial decree of March 15, 1808. The Consistoire was based in the French city of Nancy and the associated Jewish communities had a total of 4,166 members in 1808.
The consistories, which were given semi-state status, were supposed to regulate the internal affairs of the Jewish religious community based on the Protestant model . At the top of the three-tier hierarchical structure was the Consistoire central israélite (Central Consistory) in Paris , to which the regional consistories (Consistoires regionaux) were subordinate, to which the individual Jewish communities (communautés juives) were subordinate. The consistories had the task of supervising the practice of religion within the state laws and of setting and collecting taxes so that the organs of the Jewish denomination could meet their expenses.
With the law separating church and state , which came into force in 1905 , the period of consistories ended. The Jewish communities now had to constitute themselves as associations and get along without government grants.
Each regional consistory had a chief rabbi and four lay members elected by the Jewish notables of the affiliated communities.
After the Annuaire israélite for 1855/56, the consistory of Nancy was responsible for the following departments : Doubs , Haute-Marne , Meurthe , Meuse and Vosges . The affiliated Jewish communities had a total of 8,000 members in 1855.
The affiliated Jewish communities and their number of members in 1855 (probably approximate values and no exact information according to Annuaire).
- Nancy Jewish Community , 1,400 people
- Besançon Jewish community , 550 people
- Jewish community of Blâmont , 140 people
- Jewish community of Épinal , 200 people
- Lixheim Jewish community , 210 people
- Lunéville Jewish community , 415 people
- Phalsbourg Jewish community , 340 people
- Jewish community Pont-à-Mousson , 210 people
- Remiremont Jewish community , 203 people
- Sarrebourg Jewish community , 270 people
- Toul Jewish community , 600 people
- Jewish community of Verdun , 160 people
1872 to 1905
After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 and the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by the German Empire , the division of the regional consistories was changed with the decree of September 12, 1872. The areas remaining with France were redistributed and at the same time the Consistoire Lille and the Consistoire Vesoul were newly created.
In 1872 the following Jewish communities belonged to the Nancy Consistory:
In the Meurthe-et-Moselle department :
- Nancy Jewish Community
- Baccarat Jewish Community
- Blâmont Jewish Community
- Einville Jewish Community
- Jewish community of Héberviller
- Lunéville Jewish Community
- Parroy Jewish Community
- Pont-à-Mousson Jewish community
- Jewish community of Rosières-aux-Salines
- Toul Jewish Community
- Thiaucourt Jewish Community
In the Meuse department :
- Bar-le-Duc Jewish community
- Commercy Jewish Community
- Danvillers Jewish Community
- Jewish community of Étain
- Saint-Mihiel Jewish community
- Vaucouleurs Jewish community
- Verdun Jewish community
In the Aube department :
In the Yonne department :
- Annuaire pour l'an du monde 5616 from 13 septembre 1855 to 29 septembre 1856 à l'usage des israélites , 6th year, Paris (Librairie israélite) 1855
- Calendar à l'usage des israélites pour l'année 5636 de la création du monde (1875/76), Paris 1875
- Les Juifs et la Lorraine. Un millénaire d'histoire partagée , Paris 2009, ISBN 978-2-7572-0257-9 [not evaluated]