Detlev von Einsiedel
Detlev, who came from the von Einsiedel noble family in Wolkenburg on the Zwickauer Mulde , was the third son and the seventh of 13 children of the Minister Detlev Carl Graf von Einsiedel (1737-1810). His mother, Sidonie Albertine b. Countess von Schönburg-Lichtenstein, died in 1787.
Einsiedel attended the Kreuzschule in Dresden before enrolling at the University of Wittenberg in 1790 . There he was friends with Novalis , among others . After completing his studies, he entered the Saxon state service and in 1794 was Supernumerar-Amtshauptmann (ie "surplus" civil servant candidates without income) of the Meißnischer Kreis , in 1795 Supernumerar chief tax collector and in 1797 chamberlain (also a title without income). Not until 1801 did he get a paid job in the civil service through his appointment to the secret finance council. 1809 followed the post of District Chief of Meissen circle. In this role von Einsiedel set up the Saxon gendarmerie .
In 1794 his father left him the rule of Saathain , which he sold two years later.
After taking a leading role in the preparations for a new tax system in 1811/1812, he became cabinet minister, State Secretary for the Interior in Dresden on May 14, 1813, and on May 18, he also assumed the office of State Secretary for Foreign Affairs. In this function he accompanied King Friedrich August I of Saxony after the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig into captivity and took part in the Congress of Vienna as his representative . From 1825 he was one of the three administrators of the Fletcher teachers' seminar in Dresden. Einsiedel's influence increased even more under King Anton of Saxony , but he was forced to resign in 1830 because he was opposed to all state reforms.
As an entrepreneur, Detlev Graf Einsiedel was closely connected with the Saxon iron and steel industry. His father, Detlev Carl Graf von Einsiedel, was already considered a leading figure in the German iron industry at the end of the 18th century. He ran the ironworks in Lauchhammer and Gröditz , which he purposefully expanded and which gave rise to the reputation of the Electoral Saxon iron art casting . In 1804, Detlev Graf von Einsiedel took over the management of the ironworks, for which he became more involved after his retirement from political offices. Between 1833 and 1836 he expanded his company to include a newly built ironworks in Berggießhübel , in 1849 he bought the ironworks in Riesa and the existing plants in Lauchhammer and Gröditz were constantly expanded to reflect the state of ironworks technology. In 1840 Einsiedel founded the "Union of the Counts of Einsiedelschen Eisenhütten" and thus included the widely ramified family in the management of his companies. Despite all efforts, the management of the ironworks became increasingly difficult after 1850, as all locations were too far away from the corresponding ore and hard coal deposits and, in particular, the main location in Lauchhammer was difficult to reach in terms of transport. After the death of Detlev Graf von Einsiedel, the steelworks union was forced to sell the parts of the company in 1871/1872 due to excessive indebtedness.
Detlev von Einsiedel died in Dresden and was buried next to his wife Johanna Friederike Luise (born von der Schulenburg, 1773-1832) at the church in Prietitz . The graves have been preserved to this day. The information contained for the first time in the New German Biography (NDB) that Detlev von Einsiedel died at his place of birth in Wolkenburg ("ibid.") Is likely to be incorrect. The couple had two children. Georg Albert (1803–1805) died as a small child. Her daughter Johanna Auguste (1805–1871) was married to Karl Heinrich August Sahrer von Sahr (1805–1874) for the third time . All of the daughter's marriages were childless.
- Heinrich Theodor Flathe : Einsiedel, Detlev Graf von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 760 f.
- Walter Döhring, Gerhard Schmidt: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , p. 400 f. ( ). In:
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : EINSIEDEL, Detlev Graf von. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2nd, unchanged edition Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1 , Sp. 1480-1481.
- anonymous: Detlev Graf v. Einsiedel , in: Landtagskurier Freistaat Sachsen, Issue 6/2007, Dresden 2007, S. 18/19 Digital copy of the complete edition (pdf, 2.3 MB)
- Eduard Johnson : On the life story of the Cabinet Minister Detlev Grafen Einsiedel , in: New Archive for Saxon History 12, 1891, pp. 175–177
- Karl von Weber : Detlev Graf von Einsiedel, Royal Saxon Cabinet Minister , in: Wilhelm Wachsmuth (ed.): Archives for the Saxon History, Vol. 1 Issue 1, Leipzig 1862, pp. 58–116 and pp. 129– 193
- Michael Wetzel : Detlev Graf von Einsiedel (1773–1861) . In: Institute for Saxon History and Folklore (Ed.): Saxon Biography .
- Literature by and about Detlev von Einsiedel in the Saxon Bibliography
|SURNAME||Einsiedel, Detlev von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Einsiedel, Detlev Graf von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Saxon statesman|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 12, 1773|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wolkenburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 20, 1861|
|Place of death||Dresden|