Elizabeth (New Jersey)
|Nickname : Eastwick|
|Location in county and state|
|State :||United States|
|State :||New Jersey|
|County :||Union County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||128,640 (as of 2016)|
|Population density :||4,070.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||35.4 km 2 (approx. 14 mi 2 ) of
which 31.6 km 2 (approx. 12 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||5 m|
|Postcodes :||07201, 07202, 07206-07208|
|Area code :||+1 908|
|GNIS ID :||0876147|
|Mayor :||J. Christian Bollwage (since 1992)|
The city's geographic coordinates are 40 ° 39'44 "north latitude and 74 ° 12'33" west longitude.
Elizabeth was founded in 1665 and is named for Sir George Carteret's wife, not Queen Elizabeth I as people tend to assume.
Elizabeth developed parallel to the neighboring city of Newark for many years , but was spared the unrest of the 1960s.
With World War II, Newark and Elizabeth's port facilities grew and are among the busiest seaports in the world.
As of the 2000 census, there are 120,568 people, 40,482 households and 28,175 families in the city. The population density is 3809.5 inhabitants per km². 55.78% of the population are White, 19.98% African American , 0.48% Native American , 2.35% Asian , 0.05% Pacific Islander , 15.51% from other races, and 5.86% mixed race . 49.46% are Latinos of any race .
Of the 40,482 households, 36.6% have children under the age of 18. 42.9% of these are married couples living together, 19.1% are single mothers, 30.4% are not families, 24.6% are single households and 8.4% are people over 65. The average household size is 2 , 91, the average family size 3.45.
26.3% of the population are under 18 years old, 10.8% between 18 and 24, 33.7% between 25 and 44, 19.3% between 45 and 64, 10.0% older than 65. The average age is 33 years. The ratio of women to men is 100: 98.0, for people older than 18 the ratio is 100: 96.1.
The median income for a household in the city is $ 35,175 and the median income for a family is $ 38,370. Males have a median income of $ 30,757 versus $ 23,931 women. The per capita income for the city is $ 15,114. 17.8% of the population and 15.6% of families live below the poverty line, of which 22.2% are children or adolescents younger than 18 years and 17.2% of the people are older than 65 years.
¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
The New Jersey Turnpike ( Interstate 95 ) connects Elizabeth directly to the trunk road network. Interstate 278 connects Elizabeth over the Goethals Bridge with the New York borough of Staten Island . The Garden State Parkway runs a few miles west of the city.
The regional trains of the Northeast Corridor Line and the North Jersey Coast Line from New Jersey Transit to and from New York City ( Penn Station ) stop at Elizabeth (Broad Street) and North Elizabeth stations . There are also bus routes to New York City ( Port Authority Bus Terminal ), Newark Airport and Newark Penn Station .
sons and daughters of the town
- Louis Abell (1884–1962), rower
- Matthias William Baldwin (1795–1866), industrialist
- Rick Barry (born 1944), basketball player
- Hubie Brown (born 1933), basketball coach
- Michael Chertoff (* 1953), US Secretary of Homeland Security
- Abraham Clark (1725–1794), politician
- John Hopkins Clarke (1789-1870), politician
- Freddie Cochrane (1915-1993), boxer
- Ichabod Crane (1787-1857), officer
- Valerie Cruz (born 1976), actress
- Elias Dayton (1737–1807), 18th century commanding officer, father of Jonathan Dayton
- Jonathan Dayton (1760-1824), politician
- William Aloysius Griffin (1885–1950), Bishop of Trenton
- William F. Halsey (1882–1959), Admiral of World War II
- Daniel Hugh-Kelly (born 1952), actor
- Paul LaMastra (* 1941), film editor
- Samuel L. Leonard (1905-2007), zoologist
- Emilie Martin (1869–1936), mathematician and university professor
- Thomas Mitchell (1892–1962), Oscar-winning actor and author
- John Morris (1926-2018), composer
- Aaron Ogden (1756–1839), politician
- Elizabeth Peña (1959-2014), actress
- Debralee Scott (1953-2005), actress
- Mike Swain (* 1960), judoka
- Philip Taaffe (* 1955), painter
- Tony Williams (1928–1992), singer in the group The Platters