Erich Jung (lawyer)

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Grave of Erich Jung in the main cemetery in Mainz

Karl Adolf Valentin Erich Jung (born July 1, 1866 in Mainz , † April 20, 1950 in Marburg ) was a German lawyer, most recently "Professor of Legal Philosophy, German Civil and Roman Law" at the Philipps University of Marburg and a National Socialist legal philosopher .


The son of a Mainz district court counselor and great-grandson of Franz Wilhelm Jung attended grammar school there until 1883, first studied sculpture in Berlin and Munich , from 1886 law in Leipzig, Heidelberg and Giessen . a. Philosophy and art history . During his studies in Gießen in 1889/90 he became a member of the student association Academic Society Das Kloster . He received his doctorate there in 1892 to Dr. iur. and in 1893 during the assessor's time as Dr. phil. via Francis Bacon . In 1897 the habilitation followed and in 1901 the appointment as associate. Prof. at the University of Giessen . In 1904 he was appointed to the University of Greifswald , in 1909 to the Kaiser Wilhelm University of Strasbourg (forcibly terminated by France in 1918 with expropriation of the property). Teaching assignments at the universities of Tübingen and Munich followed . Jung had a chair in Marburg since 1921. In 1934 he retired .

Erich Jung was the son-in-law of the philosopher Johannes Rehmke . With Elisabeth, nee Rehmke, (1890–1918) he had three children: Erica, the mother of Dierk von Drigalski, Gisela and Hans. After Johannes Rehmke retired in Greifswald in 1921 and Erich Jung was called to Marburg in 1921, the Rehmke and Erich Jung couple bought the house at Calvinstrasse. 6 in Marburg. The Rehmkes lived on the first floor, Erich Jung as a widower with his three children lived on the second floor.

Activities during the Weimar Republic

From 1917 Jung was an author and from 1920 co-editor of the völkisch magazine '' Deutschlands Erneuerung '' , which addressed the positions of the Pan-German Association , the German Protection and Defense Association and the NSDAP through the publisher JF Lehmanns to a middle-class readership. In 1920, the group of editors included the following people in addition to Jung: Georg von Below , Houston Stewart Chamberlain , Heinrich Claß , Rudolf Geyer , Max von Gruber , Dietrich Schäfer , Georg Schiele , Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig von Schwerin and Reinhold Seeberg . Until then, Jung was the only new addition to the group of founding editors.

From September 14, 1918 until at least September 28, 1920, Jung was a member of the executive committee of the Pan-German Association.

On October 1, 1919, he was accepted into the management committee of the German National Guard and Defense Association. In the summer of 1919 the advisory board was strengthened by the anti-Semitic writer Artur Dinter and the founder and leader of the German Socialist Party , Alfred Brunner , and soon by three formerly leading party anti- Semites: G. Börner, W. Heins and O. Wittich.

Jung had a völkisch and anti-Semitic orientation. In the January issue of the magazine Deutschlands Renewalung in 1922 he publicly attacked the politician of the Weimar Republic, Philipp Scheidemann, as an “arch traitor to the people and the state”. According to Albrecht (2002), the formal disciplinary proceedings of the Ministry of Science, Art and Education were discontinued after Jung regretfully withdrew the allegations. According to another source, he was banned from lecturing for a year. Since he in the same editorial selection of leaders of the "Germany's renewal," not only Philipp Scheidemann and magazine Friedrich Ebert , but also Wilhelm II. Had characterized as genetic biology inferior, it may well have been a university lecture internal ban.

Jung was also co-editor of the Zeitschrift für Nationalwirtschaft and also dealt with art monuments and Germanic mythology .

Activities and attitude during National Socialism

During the Nazi era he was a member of the committee for legal philosophy of the National Socialist Academy for German Law Hans Franks and in the Association of National Socialist German Jurists . In 1933 he signed the German professors' confession of Adolf Hitler . On his 70th birthday on July 1, 1936, the Oberhessische Zeitung wrote that he was “generally known to teachers and learners as the German legal philosopher of National Socialism.” In 1935, Jung stated the denomination: “ev., Ar.”, D. H. Protestant and Aryan . The German Christians took the position that Christianity was a religion of the "Aryans". He also announced: "FMSS", d. H. Supporting member of the SS .

Fonts (selection)

  • Positive right. A contribution to the theory of legal source and interpretation , Giessen 1907.
  • Driver selection; in: Deutschlands Renewal , Volume 6, Issue 1, January 1922, pp. 2–8
  • Germanic gods and heroes in Christian times: documents a. Considerations on the German history of faith, legal history, art history, etc. general intellectual history , 2. completely redesigned. Ed., Munich; Berlin: JF Lehmanns Verl. 1939 (first 1922, last 2010).
  • Parentage and upbringing. Political-anthropological considerations of a Hessian relatives , Leipzig 1927 (with biographical information).
  • German legal philosophy , central publishing house of the NSDAP, Munich 1935.
  • National, ethnic, social. Political essays from 1918 to 1927 , Berlin 1936.
  • Judaism in jurisprudence , Volume 8: Legal Sources and Judaism. Positivism, free law school , new doctrine of legal sources , Berlin 1937


  • Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich . Who was what before and after 1945 . 2nd Edition. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 . , P. 291
  • Gustav Radbruch : Briefe I, in: Gesamtausgabe, Vol. 17, Heidelberg 1991, p. 335 (= Biographical information of the editor of the Radbruch letters about Erich Jung, who is praised in a letter to Hermann Kantorowicz dated October 19, 1905.)
  • Dierk von Drigalski: Al andar se hace camino: Stations of a Long Road 1954–2002 , 2011.
  • Uwe Lohalm: Völkischer Radikalismus. The history of the German National Protection and Defense Association 1919–1923 , Hamburg: Leibniz-Verlag 1970

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Herrmann AL Degener: Degeners Who's it? 1935. X edition. A collection of around 18,000 biographies with information about origin, family, curriculum vitae, publications and works, favorite occupation, membership in societies, address and other notices of general interest. Resolution of approx. 5000 pseudonyms. Berlin: Verlag Hermann Degener, 1935, article "Erich Jung", pp. 767–68
  2. ^ Glaubrecht, Martin: "Jung, Franz Wilhelm" in: Neue Deutsche Biographie 10 (1974), pp. 672-674
  3. The Black Ring. Membership directory. Darmstadt 1930, p. 23.
  4. a b c Dierk von Drigalski: Al andar se hace camino: Stations of a long way 1954–2002 , 2011, p. 248 ff.
  5. ^ Address book of Marburg 1938/39
  6. Josef Stolzing: Das unredeste Deutschland (after a lecture given in the Schutz- und Trutzbund zu Munich), in: Deutschlands Renewerung, March 1921, pp. 145–155.
  7. ^ Title page of the fourth volume of the magazine Deutschlands Erneuerung . See also the article “Deutschlands Erneuerung (1917–1943)” by Johannes Leicht in Volume 6 “Publications” of the Handbook of Antisemitism. Anti-Semitism in the past and present , Berlin: de Gruyter and Sauer 2013, pp. 145 f. Screenshot of page 145
  8. ^ Cover pages of the first three volumes of the magazine Deutschlands Erneuerung .
  9. Otto Bonhard: history of the Pan-German League , Berlin and Leipzig: Theodor Soft 1920, Annex 12, pp 271-273
  10. Uwe Lohalm: Völkischer Radikalismus. The history of the Deutschvölkischer Schutz- und Trutz-Bund 1919–1923 , Hamburg: Leibniz-Verlag 1970, p. 98
  11. ^ A b Niels HM Albrecht: The power of a smear campaign. Anti-democratic agitation by the press and the judiciary against the Weimar Republic , dissertation, University of Bremen 2002, p. 214 f.
  12. ^ Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich . Who was what before and after 1945 . 2nd Edition. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 . , P. 291
  13. cit. n. Drigalski, p. 251