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community Mücka
Coordinates: 51 ° 17 ′ 30 ″  N , 14 ° 40 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 150 m above sea level NN
Area : 10.07 km²
Residents : 99  (Jun 30, 2014)
Population density : 10 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : April 1, 1938
Incorporated into: Förstgen
Postal code : 02906
Area code : 035893

Förstgen-Ost , Dołha Boršć-Wuchod in Upper Sorbian (actually Upper and Lower Oelsa , Hornja / Delnja Wolšina ; between 1936 and 1947 Kreuzschenke ) is a district of the Saxon community of Mücka in the district of Görlitz . The place is in the Sorbian settlement area of Upper Lusatia .


Location of Ober- and Nieder-Oelsa on a map from 1759
Location of Oelsa, Leipgen and the Kreuzschenke on a measuring table from 1886

Förstgen-Ost is located southeast of Förstgen and north of Leipgen on the southeastern edge of the Upper Lusatian Heath and Pond Landscape Biosphere Reserve in the northern hill country of the Hohen Dubrau . The Weigersdorfer Fließ flows through the village .


The ostracism of a Nicz Hoveknecht de Olsin in 1359 in a Görlitz city register is the earliest known mention of the place. King Wenzel of Bohemia enfeoffed the von Temnitz family in 1419 with the villages of Oelsa, Steinölsa , Förstgen and Leipgen belonging to the Baruth rule . The manors of Oelsa and Steinölsa initially formed a single manor with the secondary estates Förstgen and Leipgen and the Dubrau suburb , from which the aforementioned goods emerged only later. Since 1640 at the latest, the two estates of Ober-Oelsa and Nieder-Oelsa existed in Oelsa.

As a result of the division of the estate in 1695, the Nieder-Oelsa estate and the Ober-Oelsa estate and village came to different owners. Johanna von Temnitz, heiress of Ober-Oelsa and Leipgen, sold the estate to Johann Christian von Heldreich as early as 1700, who in turn sold it again in 1708. Eight other changes of ownership followed by 1802 alone.

Although a church was built in nearby Förstgen around 1500, Ober- and Nieder-Oelsa remained in the parish of Baruth for another three centuries . After Upper Lusatia was divided between the kingdoms of Saxony and Prussia as part of the Congress of Vienna in 1815 , in the twenties of that century Prussia forced the clearing of what was now Prussian places from the parishes that remained in Saxony, so that Oelsa, located just a little east of the border, moved to Förstgen in 1829 was rescheduled.

Also known as Upper Lower Oelsa referenced country community of the circle Rothenburg was on 30 November 1936 at the scope of the Nazi Germanization of Sorbian place names in cross tavern renamed, this time the eponymous tavern Cross was for some time out of service. Two years later it was incorporated into Förstgen.

Towards the end of the Second World War , the manor house in Nieder-Oelsa and several residential buildings were badly damaged. After the war, the mansion was demolished, but its park with its old groups of trees was preserved. Oelsa initially withheld its original place name.

With the incorporation of Förstgen into Mücka, Oelsa, officially designated as Förstgen-Ost since 1963 , has been part of this municipality since 1994.

Population development

year Residents
1825 140
1871 336
1885 302
1905 265
1925 263
2008 110
italics: Oelsa with Leipgen

In 1777 five possessed men , six gardeners , eight cottagers and two desolate farms were transferred to the Saxon royal court for Oelsa .

In 1825 140 inhabitants were determined for Oelsa and 84 inhabitants for Leipgen, a total of 224 inhabitants. In the later surveys, the population figures for both places were collected together, in 1871 there were 336, in 1905 still 265. As a result of the incorporation, from 1938 onwards no official population figures were collected for Oelsa alone.

For his statistics on the Sorbs in Upper Lusatia, Muka determined 259 Sorbs and 69 Germans among the 328 inhabitants of Oelsa and Leipgen around 1880, which corresponds to a Sorbian population of 79%.

As of December 31, 2008, 110 people had their main residence in Förstgen-Ost, twice as many as in Leipgen (55).

Place name

The German place name is documented as Olsin in 1359 . This is followed by Oelsen (1410), long Olsin (1413), Olße (1508), first Oelsa and Oelßa in 1571 , Grosse Ellsse around 1590 and Ölsa in 1719 . In 1936 the name was changed to Kreuzschenke , the incorporation no longer resulted in a formal re-naming, as was the case with most other places with changed names in the Rothenburg district in 1947. However, the name Kreuzschenke was not used and can be considered invalid due to the official name Förstgen-Ost, introduced in 1963 .

Documented mentions of the Sorbian place name are 1800 Delna Wolschina (Nieder-Oelsa) and Horna Wolschina (Ober-Oelsa), the sorbian forms Delna and Horna Wolšina (1835), Delna and Horna Wólšinka (1843) and Wólšina (1885). The official Sorbian name Dołha Boršć-Wuchod for Förstgen-Ost is derived from the Sorbian name Förstgens and wuchod 'Ost (en)'.

As with Oelsa in Löbau, Klein-Oelsa and Steinölsa, the name comes from the Old Sorbian word Ol'šina (Upper Sorbian wólšina ) 'alder forest'.


  • From the Muskauer Heide to the Rotstein. Home book of the Lower Silesian Upper Lusatia District . Lusatia Verlag, Bautzen 2006, ISBN 3-929091-96-8 , p. 286 .


  1. ^ Robert Pohl : Heimatbuch des Kreis Rothenburg O.-L. for school and home . Buchdruckerei Emil Hampel, Weißwasser O.-L. 1924, p. 242 .
  2. ^ Förstgen-Ost in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  3. Details of the registration office of the Diehsa administrative association
  4. Jump up ↑ Ernst Eichler , Hans Walther : Ortnamesbuch der Oberlausitz: Studies on the toponymy of the districts of Bautzen, Bischofswerda, Görlitz, Hoyerswerda, Kamenz, Löbau, Niesky, Senftenberg, Weißwasser and Zittau. I name book (=  German-Slavic research on naming and settlement history . Volume 28 ). Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1975, p. 213 .

Web links

Commons : Förstgen-Ost  - Collection of images, videos and audio files