Franz Ignaz Schwerdt

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Franz Ignaz Schwerdt (born November 17, 1830 in Kirchworbis , † November 29, 1916 in Bad Homburg in front of the height ) was a German classical philologist .


Franz Ignaz Schwerdt attended grammar school in Heiligenstadt and then studied classical philology at the universities of Munich and Bonn (1854–1855, with Friedrich Ritschl , Otto Jahn and Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker ) and at the Münster Academy , where he was influenced in particular by the Graecist Franz Winiewski . With him Schwerdt was on March 12, 1856 with a dissertation on Aeschylus ' tragedies to the Dr. phil. PhD ( magna cum laude ). After passing the teaching qualification examination shortly afterwards, Schwerdt went to Berlin, where he was trained for a year and a half at the seminar for learned schools under the direction of August Boeckh .

At Easter 1858 Schwerdt accepted a provisional teaching position at the Catholic high school in Cologne . In 1859 he switched to the Royal High School in Koblenz as a full teacher . At Easter 1861 he went to the Münster Academy as an associate professor of classical philology, to which he submitted a habilitation thesis on the metrics of the Attic tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides for this purpose . Schwerdt held lectures on Greek and Latin poets and historians as well as on Greek grammar, metrics and topography.

After the death of Ferdinand Deycks , Schwerdt was on the list of proposals for the full professorship in Latin Philology. However, the external candidate Peter Langen was preferred to him. After this resignation, Schwerdt resigned his professorship and moved with his family to Bonn , where he has lived as a private scholar ever since.

Schwerdt died very old in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe . He found his final resting place, like his wife two years after him, in the family crypt of Franz Dominicus Brentano in the Frankfurt main cemetery .

Scientific work

Schwerdt's main research areas were the Greek tragedies, especially of Aeschylus, and the odes of Horace. In his predominantly text-critical studies as well as in an edition of the tragedy Die Schutzflehenden (1858) he showed a strong tendency towards conjectural criticism . Both its working principle and its individual conjectures have been heavily criticized by experts and largely rejected.


From January 10, 1861, Schwerdt was married to Marie Agnes Brentano (1837–1918), the eldest daughter of the Frankfurt merchant Georg Brentano (1801–1852) and the merchant's daughter Lilla Brentano nee. Pfeifer (1813-1868). The marriage resulted in four children, including their daughter Lilla Beata (1863-1948), who married the lawyer and later Hessian member of the state parliament Otto von Brentano di Tremezzo (1855-1927) in 1884 .

Fonts (selection)

  • Quaestiones Aeschyleae criticae . Münster 1856 (dissertation, digitized version )
  • Aeschyli Supplices / Αἰσχύλου Ἱκέτιδες. Ex recensione Godofredi Hermanni passim emendata scholarum in usum edidit et notis instruxit . 2 parts, Berlin 1858
  • De nova Aeschyli Agamemnonis recensione . Koblenz 1860 (school program)
  • De metris Aeschyli, Sophoclis, Euripidis specimen I . Bonn 1861 (habilitation thesis)
  • Sample of a new Horace review. With an appendix: Emendations on Tacitus and Velleius Paterculus . Munster 1863
  • About the inner form of the Horatian Odes. A contribution to the correct understanding of the poet . Munster 1868
  • Methodological contributions to the restoration of the Greek tragedians . Leipzig 1886
  • Pope Leo XIII. A look at his youth and his poetry . Augsburg 1887


  • Ernst Raßmann: News of the life and writings of Münsterland writers of the 18th and 19th centuries . Münster 1866, p. 312.
  • Friedrich August Eckstein : Nomenclator philologorum . Leipzig 1871, p. 528.
  • Wilhelm Pökel : Philological writer's lexicon . Leipzig 1882, p. 254.
  • German literary newspaper No. 52/53, December 23, 1916, column 2085.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Maria Stirtz: Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo. His origin, his life and work for Europe . Darmstadt 1970, p. 18. See also Eugene Francis Saber: A History of the Schwerdt and Related Families . Private print, Publishers Press 1975.
  2. ^ Report of the Philosophical Faculty to the curator of March 9, 1868, published in: Uwe Meves (Ed.): German Philology at the Prussian Universities in the 19th Century. Documents on the institutionalization process . Part I: Introduction, Part I: Universities. Berlin / New York 2011, pp. 710–713 No. 763.