Georg Mylius (theologian, 1548)

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Painting by Georg Mylius

Georg Mylius , also: Müller, Gering, Göring (* 1548 in Augsburg ; † 28 May 1607 in Wittenberg ) was a Lutheran theologian, professor of theology in Wittenberg and Jena and general superintendent of the Saxon spa districts.


Mylius was born in Augsburg as the son of the carpenter Georg Müller. After his father died early, he went to a great-uncle at his mother's request, where he received private lessons and was made familiar with Lutheran theology. In order to begin studying theology, he enrolled at the University of Tübingen in 1566 and moved on to the University of Marburg and the University of Strasbourg .

After completing his studies, he returned to Augsburg in 1571 and took on his first preaching position there in 1572 as a deacon at the Church of the Holy Cross . In Augsburg he was drawn into the confessional disputes that were shaken by the increasing presence of the Jesuits . On the other hand, Mylius acted conspicuously with polemical sermons that gave him a certain reputation. In order to gain further qualifications, he returned to Tübingen in 1576, where he received his doctorate in theology under Jacob Heerbrand . When he returned to Augsburg, he became a pastor at the Church of St. Anna and thus assumed the highest position of preacher in the city. Quickly and rose to superintendent.

The politically sensitive situation in Augsburg was dramatically shaken in the following years by the well-known calendar dispute. The causes of the dispute lay on the one hand in the legally questionable actions of the city council when the Gregorian calendar was introduced in 1583, on the other hand in the mistrust of the majority Protestant citizens of the council itself, because it was disproportionately occupied by Catholics. This mistrust fueled, among others, Mylius, as some of his writings from the time testify.

The dispute intensified on June 3, 1584 (according to the new calendar), which Protestants still counted as May 24. The day was a Sunday and the evangelical preachers announced that according to the old calendar Ascension Day would be celebrated next Thursday (despite the city council's express prohibition). The next day, at lunchtime, the Augsburg mayor came to Mylius and read him a council resolution. He asked him to leave the city immediately in a car available for this purpose. The dispute did not go unnoticed by the population and aroused a large number of Mylius' supporters. They stormed the car just before the city gate and saved the superintendent. Around the same time, an open uprising broke out in the city and was directed primarily against the Catholic councilors, who were now dependent on the mediation of the evangelical clergy. Mylius himself was able to flee to Ulm on June 5 , where he was waiting for his pregnant wife Barbara. But he did that in vain, because his wife had probably died of a premature birth shortly after his arrest.

Mylius stayed with friends in Ulm for a year, remarried and finally accepted a call to Wittenberg , where he became professor of theology on June 9, 1585. He became a preacher at the castle church and took over the office of chancellor from Johann Schütz at the university. However, he should not come to rest there either, because Elector August died after another year . The former Philippists known as crypto-Calvinists appeared, seized the university political power in Wittenberg and made life of konkordientreuen scholars increasingly. Mylius drew the conclusions from this and left Leucorea on February 12, 1589 to accept a professorship in Jena . After the political paper in Electoral Saxony had changed again after the death of Elector Christian I of Saxony , Mylius took part as electoral commissioner in the Meißner visit of 1592. So he was able to advocate a restoration of the Wittenberg orthodoxy. One had gladly wished to keep Mylius in Wittenberg again. However, the request for this matter failed due to the consent of the electoral administrator Friedrich Wilhelm I of Saxe-Weimar , so that Mylius returned to Jena.

The restoration was carried out, mainly through the recall of his friend Polycarp Leyser the Elder and the new appointment of Aegidius Hunnius the Elder . Mylius, who himself remained on his professorship in Jena, trained a new generation of Wittenberg theologians, including Leonhard Hutter . In 1601 he became a senior pastor in Jena and thus a superintendent. When Hunnius died, Elector Christian II of Saxony asserted that Mylius had once only been loaned to the University of Jena . Then Duke Johann III. of Saxony add Weimar and let him go to Wittenberg. In autumn Mylius became the first professor of theology at the Leucorea, thus taking over the general superintendent of the Saxon spa districts and becoming pastor at the Wittenberg town church, which he remained until his death.

Works (selection)

  • Send and Trostbrieff… Wittenberg 1586
  • Augsburg trade ... Wittenberg 1586
  • Synopsis analytica Libri DM Lutheri contra coelestes Prophetas. Jena 1590
  • In Lutherum, quod verba Christi: Hoc est corpus meum, adhuc stent inconcussa. Jena 1590
  • Eleven sermons . Erfurt 1590
  • Prodomus Disputationum ex Epist. ad Rome. Jena 1590
  • De abrogatione Exorcismi in baptismo. Jena 1591
  • Lutheri versus Sacramentarios. Jena 1591
  • Doctrina sancta de Justificatione ex ipso Pauli Tractatu Rome. III. et IV. Cap. excerpta. Jena 1591
  • Spongia abstersoria per Augustana Confess. Jena 1592
  • Seven sermons against the Calvinists. Wittenberg 1592
  • Sermon of the Paschal Lamb in the Old Testament. Jena 1592
  • Kurtze: Apparent draft of the Calvinist Comedy in Meissen. Jena 1593
  • Disputationes II. Pro Articulis Visitationis Misnaie. Jena 1593
  • Disp. 4 Praedestin pro defensione Articuli V in Visit. Misnica, contra Tossanum. Jena 1593
  • Homiliae in Epist. Domin. Witteb.
  • Harmonia Patrum et Lutheri cum SS Thorough proof that D. Mert. Luther believed in all points at issue with the papacy, which was believed straight after the apostolic times. Leipzig 1595, Wittenberg 1606
  • Treasure of souls, the report from God's Word of living Christian life and dying in bliss. Lauingen 1595
  • Send letter to the Evangelicals in Lieffland, Poland, Prussia, Litthauen, Churland. Leipzig 1597
  • Carolstadius rediuiuus in Ecclesia Anhaltina deformanda etc. Wittenberg 1597, Jena 1604
  • Positiones de vero Deo, uno et trino. Jena 1598
  • Volume. Disputationum Theol. de iis locis, qui Luteranis cum Caluinianis controversi sunt. Jena 1598
  • Ten sermons from the Turkish. Jena 1598, Frankfurt 1655
  • Explicatio in I. Epist. Pauli ad Corinth. continens Politiae Ecclesiasticae et praxeos Theol. Apparatum una cum textu bilingui et indice. Jena 1600, 1602
  • Sermon of the person of Christ. Wittenberg 1602
  • Explicatio August. Confessionis. Jena 1604
  • Tractatus de Sacramento Eucharistiae. Wittenberg 1604
  • Disquisitiones Theologicae de Ecclesia militante contra Lib. III et Tom. I. controvers. Bellarm. Wittenberg 1604
  • De Vocatione Ecclesiastica ad Ministry. Extat Vol. Disp. eiusdem. Jena 1604
  • Evangelical Churches Brotherships, conta Palatinos. Wittenberg 1607
  • Positiones de Pace Ecclesiae Evangelica. Wittenberg 1607
  • 3 Christmas sermons about the birth of Jesus Christ. 1610
  • Funeral sermon by Hertzog Friderici Wilhelmi of Saxony. Magdeburg 1612
  • Disputatio in Gal. IV de Persona Christi. 1619
  • Commentarius in Evangelium Johannis. Frankfurt 1624


Georg Mylius was married twice. His first marriage was in 1572 with Barbara Gründler (Grundler; † May 28, 1584 in Augsburg). From this marriage there were three sons and three daughters. His second marriage was on March 16, 1585 in Ulm with Veronica Weiß (* 1563 in Augsburg; † n. 1607 in Bautzen?), Daughter of the patrician August Weise (Anton Weiß). From this marriage there were six sons and five daughters. His second wife married the lawyer in Magdeburg and later cathedral provost in Bautzen, Dr. jur. Martin Jonius of the children is known:

  • Hieronymus Mylius (born March 11, 1574 in Augsburg; † March 4, 1575 ibid)
  • Georgius Mylius (born February 19, 1575 in Augsburg; † 20 (21) February 1575 ibid)
  • Barbara Mylius (born July 1, 1578 in Augsburg, † May 15, 1637 in Jena) married. October 20, 1595 with the Professor of Law in Jena Ortolph Fomann the Elder (born January 23, 1560 in Schleusingen; † May 19, 1634 in Jena)
  • Dorothea Mylius (* February 6, 1580 in Augsburg; † July 31, 1580 ibid)
  • Gabriel Mylius (born November 26, 1581 in Augsburg, † March 11, 1601 in Wittenberg)
  • Catharina Mylius (born January 18, 1583 in Augsburg; † August 26, 1635) married. 1600 with town clerk, notary and town syndic in Herzberg M. Georgius Müller (Mylius; * Erfurt; † 1627)
  • Georg Mylius (born February 1, 1586 in Wittenberg, † June 7, 1637 in Jena) married. on August 28, 1609 with Anna Magaretha Hofmann (* November 14, 1591 in Jena; † December 16, 1612 ibid), the daughter of the Jena professor of law Liborius Hofmann (* Friedrichroda; † April 5, 1599 in Düsseldorf) and his wife Sibylla Mirus, the daughter of the Dresden theologian Martin Mirus . 2. Marriage on May 10, 1614 in Zeitz with Dorothea Timaeus (born September 1, 1595 in Leipzig, † July 4, 1630 in Halle (Saale)), the daughter of the electoral Saxon secret and appellate council, and chancellor in Zeitz Johann Timaeus ( * February 13, 1569; † February 2, 1627 in Dresden) and his wife Elisabeth Schilter. 3. Marriage on June 4, 1632 in Jena with Catharina Maria Denhard (* 1609 in Naumburg; † July 10, 1643 in Gotha), the daughter of the lawyer, privy councilor and chancellor in Eisenach Johannes Denhart and his wife Catharina († 1617), the daughter of the mayor of Naumburg Sixtus Braun. His widow married the second marriage on November 16, 1640 in Gotha, the professor of theology at the University of Jena and later general superintendent of Saxony Gotha Dr. theol. Salomon Glass (born May 21, 1593 in Sondershausen; † July 27, 1656 in Gotha)
  • Salome Mylius (* March 8, 1587 in Wittenberg; † March 29, 1587 ibid)
  • Polycarp I Mylius (* May 2, 1588 in Wittenberg, † 1589 in Jena)
  • Polycarp II Mylius (born October 29, 1589 in Jena, † March 21, 1626 in Regensburg) pharmacist Regensburg, m. November 15, 1613 in Regensburg with Walpurgis Sponfelder (born September 13, 1585 in Regensburg; † May 25, 1649 ibid), the daughter of the inner privy councilor and alms director Andreas Sponfelder.
  • Judith Mylius (born December 22, 1591 in Jena, † 1636 in Kranichfeld) married. October 24, 1608 in Magdeburg with lawyer Dr. jur. Simon Wiprecht († February 18, 1653 in Jena)
  • Antonius Mylius (called Göring; born March 3, 1593 in Jena; † February 10, 1655 in Kranichfeld) became a theologian, was superintendent in Rudolstadt and court preacher, as well as superintendent in Kranichfeld; 1. Marriage on February 14, 1632 in Gera with Regina Gebhard (called: Wesener, * August 21, 1610 - † June 5, 1640 in Kranichfeld, the daughter of the Chancellor in Altenburg Heinrich Gebhard (called: Wesener) and the Blandina Lindener) . 2. Marriage on September 13, 1648 in Arnstadt with Anna Sabina Gerhard (* around 1630; born January 9, 1681 in Arnstadt), the daughter of the princely Saxon councilor and Countess of Schwarzburg's privy councilor Dr. jur. Andreas Gerhard.
  • Regina (Sybilla) Mylius (born March 15, 1596 in Jena (Zörbig); † September 15, 1633 in Merseburg) married. 1623 with court preacher in Coswig and monastery superintendent in Merseburg Laurentius (Lorenz) Andreae (born August 10, 1594 in Halle (Saale); † September 17, 1633 in Merseburg)
  • Veronica Mylius (born September 16, 1597 in Jena, † 1633 in Merseburg (Pest))
  • Ludovicus (Ludwig) Mylius (born September 8, 1599 in Jena, † 1601 in Jena)
  • Emanuel (Immanuel) Mylius (born December 25, 1601 in Jena), Dr. med. in Würzburg
  • Euphrosina Mylius (born September 14, 1604 in Wittenberg; † May 7, 1605 ibid)


Web links

Commons : Georg Mylius  - Collection of images, videos and audio files