Ballroom dancing is used to describe dances that are "in company", i. H. be danced either privately at celebrations or at corresponding public dance events, such as so-called dance teas or balls, usually by couples.
Classical program of dance schools and dance sports clubs
There has been an increasing number of fashion dances since the early 20th century . The need for a standardization of the dance material soon arose, especially the English dance teachers had this desire: The Standard Ballroom Dances or short standard dances were established. Later the Latin American dances were added.
There is an "international" and an "American" definition of standard dances:
- International Standard: Slow Waltz , Tango , Viennese Waltz , Slowfox , Quickstepp
- American Smooth: Waltz , Tango , Foxtrot , Viennese Waltz
The Latin American dances are also structured differently:
- International Latin: Cha-Cha-Cha , Samba , Rumba , Paso Doble , Jive
- American Rhythm: Cha-Cha-Cha , Rumba , East Coast Swing , Bolero , Mambo
Ballroom dancing in this strongly established form is mainly taught only in the field of dance sport and in dance sport clubs. Dance schools primarily teach simplified forms (see world dance program ) and fashion dances, such as Discofox , in order to have a wide range of current offers. For some years now, the swing dances from the 1930s to 1950s have been attracting attention again, some of them are counted among the ballroom dances .
Several dance styles have been established since the 1980s and developed into their own dance scenes:
- Salsa - A distinction is made between Cuban Salsa and Salsa on Two.
- Tango Argentino Tango Argentino also includes Vals and the cheerful Milonga .
- Bachata (Dominican Republic)
- Forró (Brazil)
- Contango (dance)
The history of ballroom dancing begins with the embedding of court dances in the 14th and 15th centuries. Century. These highly stylized court dances, borrowed from folklore , formed an essential part of the stiff courtly ceremonial. Examples of these dances, often grouped into suites , are:
- Allemande (German, slow 4/4 time)
- Courante (French, faster 3/2 time)
- Sarabande (Spanish step dance, slow 3/2 time)
- Gigue (Irish-Scottish, fast 3/8 time)
- Galliarde (Italian, faster 3/4 time)
- Chaconne (Spanish, slow 3/4 time)
- Saltarello (Italian, fast 6/8 time)
- Pavane (Italian step dance, slow 4/4 time)
- Branle (French, lively 2/2 time)
- Volta (French rotary dance, fast 3/2 time)
- Bourrée (French, fast 2/2 time)
- Gavotte (French, fast 4/4 time)
The most popular was the minuet from France , which, in contrast to the group dances listed above, was danced in pairs for the first time.
After the bourgeois revolutions in England and France, the emerging bourgeoisie increasingly took part in ballroom dancing and in the 18th and 19th centuries, following on from folk traditions, created their own dance forms:
- Herbert Stuber, Ursula Stuber: Dictionary of dance sports. Kastell, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-924592-21-7