Hans Leb

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hans Leb (born February 7, 1909 in Knappenberg, a district of Hüttenberg , Carinthia; † September 19, 1961 in Villach ) was a Carinthian architect who stood out as a poet, but also made significant artistic contributions as a prose writer, painter and graphic artist.

Life and work

After school in Villach, where Leb attended what was then the "Federal Trade School" , today the Higher Technical Federal Teaching and Research Institute , he studied architecture with Clemens Holzmeister at the Vienna Art Academy , now the University of Applied Arts , in 1928. 1937 as a guest student with Peter Behrens , Josef Hoffmann , Herbert Boeckl and Anton Kolig .

In 1936 his first volume of poetry, The Calling , was published in Berlin , for which he was awarded the Julius Reich Prize for young painters and writers and which made Hans Leb well known in the German literary scene at one stroke, giving the narrow volume a total of 12,000 Copies reached. He was discovered as a promising poet by the literary historian and Karl Kraus biographer Leopold Liegler (1882–1949) and the dramaturge at the Burgtheater Erhard Buschbeck . The close contact with Josef Weinuchter from that time, who personally promoted Leb, as well as Christine Busta and Franz Tumler , remained noticeable for a long time through his artistic influence in Leb's work, because all three received an essential impetus for their respective characteristic through Weinträger Creative path.

As a husband and with two children, Leb returned to his homeland in Carinthia in 1940, first living in small Föderlach in the municipality of Wernberg near Villach, then in Zauchen , a village that is now part of Villach, worked as a freelance architect, planned and took participated in architecture competitions and wrote, painted, drew. Numerous poems found their way into German newspapers, but only after the end of the war did the next three volumes of poetry appear annually. He also continued to develop in the field of painting and graphics, and recognition followed in the form of his membership in the Vienna Secession, accepted in 1952, and through public galleries, including the Albertina in Vienna.

In 1955 Leb received the Charlie Chaplin International Award for his radio play Der Tag Ypsilon . He published in various prestigious newspapers - the Swiss Confederation in Bern , the "German" Tagespost at that time , the Zeit , the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , the Salzburger Nachrichten - but another six years passed before the next volume of poetry was published: I bind the rice , Villach 1961, was therefore also subtitled Poems from Ten Years . During this time Leb had lost his second wife and three more children had been born to him. 1961 was also the year of the birth of the arch , a unique collection of " documents of new poetry ", which the word "magazine" can only describe in a very inadequate manner. In portfolios of bibliophile equipment, which the graphic artist Leb designed himself including the typography, texts by himself and by some contemporaries are combined, "Poetry to take away - poetry in handy folders" The response at home and abroad was considerable, and Heimito von Doderer Leb paid the greatest appreciation for this: “I will strongly recommend the bow to any art lover.” In the same year, Hans Leb died of the consequences of an unexplained traffic accident. His grave is in the local cemetery of Zauchen.

Of the 1,300 or so poems that Hans Leb created, about 400 have ever been published, of his approx. 200 prose texts only 12. His legacy, which is partly in the literary house of the “ IG authors authors ” in Vienna , partly in the Austrian National Library and has now been brought together in the National Library by the heir's resolution of 2006, also includes around 300 graphics and pictures on various materials in mixed media with oil pastel, lacquer, charcoal, watercolors.


Readings and exhibitions on Leb's work take place regularly on the round of birth and death (Villach 1971, Hüttenberg 1987, 1999, 2009 and 2014 Strasbourg im Gurktal 1981), and newspaper articles appear in Austria's major daily newspapers. In 2001 a website was set up for him, on which his poetry is made accessible again.

On the occasion of his 100th birthday, the literary magazine Fidibus published a special edition with writings from the estate (No. 3–4 / 2009, 37th year), followed by other writings from the estate (Denker. Dichter. Grafiker: No. 4/2010 , 38th year and language images. Memorandum on the 50th anniversary of death: No. 4/2011, 39th year).

Works (selection)

  • The invocation , poems. Poeschel & Trepte, Leipzig 1938 (selection from Warneck 1939)
  • The shame , novella. in: Westermannsmonthshefte 1938
  • The invocation , poems. Martin Warneck, Berlin 1939
  • The mother , novella. Martin Warneck, Berlin 1943 and self-published, Villach 1943
  • A smell of bread wafts through the house , poems. Martin Warneck, Berlin 1944
  • Singing over bread , poems. Berlin 1945, unpublished
  • The landscape of Carinthia In: Heinrich Hermann : Twelve pictures from Joseph Wagner's views of Carinthia from 1844 , ed. by Hans Leb with preface and conclusion. Chwala, Vienna 1944
  • The immortal day , poems. Ferdinand v. Kleinmayr, Klagenfurt 1946
  • Guest under the stars , poems. C. Schmeidel, Vienna 1947
  • The revelation , poems. Exit, Geneva 1948
  • Heartbeat of the earth, novel. 1948
  • Portrait of an old man , Great landscape in March , The slumbering . In: Kärntner Almanach 1948 published by Cultural Office of the Carinthian Provincial Government, Eduard Kaiser-Verlag, Klagenfurt 1948
  • Guest under the stars , poems. Villach 1949
  • Albin Egger-Lienz. Profile of an interpretation. Hans Leb Presse, Villach 1949, new edition: Publishers: Group 508 - Society for the Promotion of New Art, Villach 1962
  • The earthen jar. A calendar for the year 1949 . [Illustr.] Hans Leb-Presse, Villach 1949
  • The day Ypsilon , radio play. 1955
  • Sleep in the flame, contemplations . In: Henz, Rudolf (Ed.): Wort in der Zeit , Austrian literary magazine, 7th year, issue 11, Stiasny Verlag, Graz, Nov. 1961
  • I tie the rice. Poems from ten years (1950–1960) , edited by Franz Schneeweiß , self-published by the Society for the Promotion of New Art, Villach 1961
  • The children's party , manuscript a. Drawings. o. O., o. J.
  • Hymn to the New Year , manuscript. o. O., o. J.
  • Ed .: The bow. Documents of new poetry . Self-published, Villach 1961, No. 1–4; continued by Heinz Pototschnig , Kleinmayr-Verlag, Klagenfurt 1961–1965, ISSN  0523-8269
  • Numerous graphics , e.g. B. a cycle of life for an exhibition in the Vienna Secession 1953 ("Lovers", "Mother", "The Age" etc.)
  • Numerous mixed media paintings


About Hans Leb

  • Tilly, Heimo: Subject of poetry in Hans Leb , Diss.Graz 1951
  • Fackelmann, Christoph: The art of language Josef Weinheber and its readers: Approaches to the work form in a historical perspective , rev. Version of the dissertation Vienna 2004, LIT Verlag, Berlin-Hamburg-Münster 2005, pp. 833–836, 877–885, 1025–1033; ISBN 3-8258-8620-4
  • Elke Fertschey: Bold flapping of wings in the worldwide network , Kleine Zeitung, Klagenfurt, from September 19, 2001
  • Galerie Modena Art , Vienna: Hans Leb 1909–1961. The word was love. Love was the name of the word , catalog of the Christmas memorial exhibition, Vienna 1982
  • Karner, Stefan, Andreas Moritsch, Peter Fritz: Carinthia and the national question , Heyn, Klagenfurt 2005, pp. 320-325
  • Kindermann, Heinz: Guide through modern literature in Austria , Österr. Verlagsanstalt, Innsbruck 1954, p. 109
  • Lattmann, Dieter et al .: Kindler's literary history of the present: authors, works, topics, tendencies since 1945 , Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt 1980, p. 104
  • Nussbaumer, Erich: Geistiges Kärnten , Ferdinand Kleinmayr, Klagenfurt 1956, pp. 553–557
  • Schmidt, Adalbert: Austrian poetry and poets in the 19th and 20th centuries , Bergland-Buch, Salzburg 1964, p. 44ff.
  • Spiel, Hilde: The contemporary literature of Austria , Kindler, 1976
  • Teichl, Robert: Austrians of the present: Lexicon of creative and creative contemporaries , Österreich-Institut, Verlag der Österr. Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1951, p. 173
  • Gero von Wilpert : German poet lexicon. Biographical-bibliographical dictionary on German literary history (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 288). Kröner, Stuttgart 1963, DNB 455687773 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Website of his school
  2. Christoph Fackelmann: Josef Weinheber - An introduction . Weinträger-Gesellschaft  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. as well as Weinträger-Gesellschaft  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.weinträger.at  @1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.weinträger.at  
  3. ^ The immortal day , (Klagenfurt 1946), Guest under the stars (Vienna 1947), The unveiling (Geneva 1948)
  4. The bow. Documents of new poetry. Poetry to take away. Self-published by Hans Leb, Villach 1961ff.
  5. quoted from the Hans Leb website
  6. Literaturhaus: Hans Leb
  7. ORF report on the reading in Hüttenberg by Leb's granddaughter Gudrun Maria Leb  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / kaernten.orf.at  
  8. ^ Hans-Leb website

Web links