Heinrich Ludolph Wendland

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Commemorative plaque for the Wendland families, attached to the library pavilion in front of the Berggarten in 1948
Wendlandia in flower

Heinrich Ludolph Wendland (born April 29, 1791 in Herrenhausen ; † July 15, 1869 in Teplitz ) was a German botanist and horticulturist. Its official botanical author's abbreviation is " HL Wendl. "


Wendland was the son of the garden inspector Johann Christoph Wendland in Herrenhausen.

Wendland first did a botanical apprenticeship in Vienna from 1811 to 1814 and then went to Kew Gardens in London from 1815 to 1816 , before studying biology at the Georg August University of Göttingen and becoming a member from 1816 to 1819 of the Corps Hannovera Göttingen was. Shortly before his father's death in 1827, he became garden master of the Herrenhausen Gardens . In 1850 he took over the management position of the royal court garden inspector under the chief court marshal Carl Ernst von Malortie .

On the occasion of the construction of by Georg Ludwig Friedrich Laves and Hofbauinspektor Georg Heinrich Schuster created Welfenmausoleums Wendland was responsible for the development of mountain garden in its final dimensions and the Georgen Gardens , the Palm House as well as the oak grove around the mausoleum.

Scientifically, he described some acacia species such as the willow leaf acacia .

The mansion herbarium , which he laid out taking into account the descriptions of his father, is owned by the Georg August University of Göttingen at the instigation of Prince Ernst August IV of Hanover as a gift from the House of Hanover .

His son Hermann Wendland also became court gardener in Herrenhausen in the third generation. The archival estate of the Wendland family of court gardeners is in the Herrenhausen Royal Garden Library .


The genus Wendlandia Bartl was named in honor of him and possibly his father . ex DC. the plant family of the red family (Rubiaceae) named.


  • Travel report 1820 handwriting (digitized version)
  • Commentatio de Acacias aphyllii , 1820.
  • with Friedrich Gottlieb Bartling : Contributions to botany . First issue, Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1824 ( archive )
  • with Friedrich Gottlieb Bartling: Contributions to botany . Second issue, Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1825 ( archive )
  • Expenses and work of the new facility near the mausoleum , diary
  • Report on the new facility near the mausoleum


  • Dieter Lange: The mausoleum in the mountain garden. In: Günther Kokkelink , Harold Hammer-Schenk (ed.): Laves and Hannover. Lower Saxony architecture in the nineteenth century , ed. by Harold Hammer-Schenk and Günther Kokkelink (revised new edition of the publication Vom Schloss zum Bahnhof ... ), Ed. Libri Artis Schäfer, 1989, ISBN 3-88746-236-X (582 pages), pp. 186-188
  • Gerhard Wagenitz : : The mansions herbarium (excerpt)
  • Heinrich Curschmann: Blue Book of the Corps Hannovera (1809-1899) , Göttingen 2002, p. 81, No. 211
  • Festschrift Herrenhausen 1666 - 1966
  • KH Meyer: Royal Gardens. Three hundred years of Herrenhausen , 1966, pp. 236–257
  • Rainer Schomann (Ed.), Urs Boeck : Historical Gardens in Lower Saxony , catalog for the state exhibition, opening on June 9, 2000 in the foyer of the Lower Saxony State Parliament, on the occasion of the state exhibition "Historical Gardens in Lower Saxony". Hanover, 2000.
  • Helmut Knocke : Wendland, (1) Heinrich Ludolph. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen : Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 383.
  • Helmut Knocke: Wendland, (1) Heinrich Ludolph. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 670.
  • Hubertus Fischer , Georg Ruppelt , Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn (eds.): A trip to Switzerland. The travel diary of the Hanoverian court gardener Heinrich Ludolph Wendland from 1820 (= CGL studies , vol. 23, edited by the Center for Garden Art and Landscape Architecture at Leibniz University Hanover), Munich; AVM - Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft München, 2015, ISBN 978-3-95477-053-3

Web links

Commons : Heinrich Ludolph Wendland  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Editor of the work Botanical Observations along with some new genera and species
  2. Dieter Lange: The mausoleum in the Berggarten (see literature)
  3. Gerhard Wagenitz: The Herbarium Mansion (see literature)
  4. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names - Extended Edition. Part I and II. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5 doi: 10.3372 / epolist2018 .
  5. a b After Dieter Lange (see literature) preserved to the Garden of the City of Hannover [Grünflächenamt] diary and report ... on