City of Witzenhausen
|Height :||206 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||19.35 km²|
|Residents :||1065 (Dec. 2015)|
|Population density :||55 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st October 1971|
|Postal code :||37215|
|Area code :||05542|
View of the northern part of Hundelshausen
Hundelshausen is located on the eastern edge of the Kaufunger Wald in the geo-nature park Frau-Holle-Land (Werratal.Meißner.Kaufunger Wald) , 5.5 km south of the core town of Witzenhausen and 3 km north-northeast of Trubenhausen, which belongs to Großalmerode . It is located northeast of the Langenberg ( ) at about altitude in the valley of the lower reaches of the Gelster and on the federal road 451 . The Rückerode estate , located 1.3 km northeast of the village, is an exclave in the Hundelshausen district .
In 1111 Hundelshausen was mentioned for the first time in the register of possessions of the imperial abbey of Fulda under the name "Hunolteshusen". In 1297 Hundelshausen is mentioned as a village in the Landgraviate of Hesse under its current name "Hundelshausen" by the Cornberg monastery , a subsidiary of the Hersfeld abbey . The place belonged to the Hessian office Ludwigstein / Witzenhausen until 1821 and then to the district of Witzenhausen . During the French occupation Hundelshausen belonged to the canton of Witzenhausen in the Kingdom of Westphalia (1807-1813).
In the 19th century, gypsum was discovered on the eastern edge of the village . Since 1921 the gypsum has been mined by the Kurhessische Gipswerke Peter Orth, which, after the merger with the United Gipswerke Stadtoldendorf in 2004, is the largest local employer under the name VG-Orth GmbH & Co. KG. The green lake , a natural swimming lake , was created through the gypsum mining .
On October 1, 1971 Hundelshausen was incorporated into the city of Witzenhausen, because Hundelshausen, Kleinalmerode, Ellingerode, Dohrenbach and Roßbach could not agree in which village the town hall of their jointly planned "municipality of Vierbach" should be.
In 2011 the 900 year celebration took place: In addition to the fair, a Festkommers was held on Thursday evening. Several thousand visitors came to Hundelshausen for the historic pageant on Sunday. The 900 year celebration was held by the "900 years Hundelshausen GbR", whose shareholders are the five associations leading the fair and the Gelstertal cultural association. In 2011 the GbR organized numerous other events on the occasion of the village anniversary, such as B. an anniversary shooting, and she took part in numerous parades in the region. For this purpose the GbR u. a. an honorary award from the Witzenhausen harvest festival committee.
Chronology of historical events
- 1111 The Fulda monastery receives land and a mill in Hundelshausen.
- 1327 The village of Hundelshausen is obliged to deliver to Rusteberg Castle.
- 1357 Landgrave Heinrich von Hessen enfeoffed Hermann von dem Berge with the estate of Hundelshausen.
- 1359 Landgrave's permission to sell a piece of land in Hundelshausen.
- 1365 Landgrave Hermann transfers the village of Hundelshausen to Werner von Hanstein.
- 1366 The von Berlepsch family sell their landgrave fief in Hundelshausen to the von Halle family.
- 1374 The Lords of Hundelshausen appear for the first time in local history, but at that time they were already holding interest goods in the village.
- 1374 The von Berlepsch exchange the village of Hundelshausen for Gertenbach with the Hessian landgrave.
- 1378 Landgrave Hermann transfers his part of the village of Hundelshausen to Werner von Hanstein.
- 1382 Landgrave Hermann transferred the entire village of Hundelshausen to Werner von Hanstein.
- End of the 14th century: Hermann von dem Berge owns 2 hooves in Hundelshausen from Landgrave Hermann zu Lehen.
- 1423 Hartrad von Hundelshausen is a feudal lord of the Kaufungen Monastery in Hundelshausen.
- 1452 Gottschalk von Plesse enfeoffs Philipp von Hundelshausen with all justice to Hundelshausen; following enfeoffments until 1521.
- 1538 The von Hundelshausen exchange their village Hundelshausen with Landgrave Philipp without a parish and tithes.
- 1545 Rights and interest are awarded to Christoph Hülsing by Landgrave Philipp.
- 1575/85 interest and goods at Hundelshausen are a Hessian fiefdom of the lords of the mountains.
Culture and sights
- Every year the fair is celebrated on the fairground on the Bleiche. It always takes place on the second weekend in September and is organized alternately by the five largest Hundelshausen clubs.
- On the Whitsun weekend, since 1981, young people from Hundelshausen and the surrounding area have been meeting for a multi-day party at the Old Court. In 2011 the 30th annual meeting was celebrated with more than 100 participants.
- The "Cherry Blossom Run" of the LG Gelstertal, which has since been dissolved, took place regularly on May 1st until 2012.
- The rifle club's royal shooting took place regularly on October 3rd at the KK booth on Heiligenberg. Since active shooting at the KK stand has ceased, it has now taken place on the same date in the LG stand in the community center.
- On the grounds of Langenberg hut on the "Heuer" will take place on an annual Holy Saturday , the Easter fire place. Usually it is the biggest Easter bonfire in Witzenhausen. In 2003 arsonists lit the Easter fire early on Maundy Thursday morning, but the Hundelshausen volunteer fire brigade was still able to “save” the big Easter fire.
- The church, built 1863–67, neo-Gothic building with a stone steeple, design: Georg Gottlob Ungewitter
- VG Orth Tower
- Old court, former place of execution above Hundelshausen, rebuilt in 2007
- Green lake , former open-cast mine and current swimming lake near Hundelshausen
- The route of the Bilstein-Bike-Marathon runs as a signposted and public mountain bike circular route through Hundelshausen
- Langenberghütte: A barbecue hut, built by the clubs, on a large leisure area. There is a Kneipp bath below the site.
- Peter Zindel (1841–1902), architect
- Hundelshausen, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of December 10, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Hundelshausen district on the city of Witzenhausen's website, accessed in October 2018.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 410 .