Josef Eberle (writer)

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Josef Eberle (born September 8, 1901 in Rottenburg am Neckar , † September 20, 1986 in Samedan , Graubünden ) was a German writer, publisher and philanthropist . Eberle was the founder and long-time publisher of the Stuttgarter Zeitung . He published his works in Swabian dialect under the pseudonym Sebastian Blau , his Latin works under the pseudonym Iosephus Apellus .


Eberle did an apprenticeship as a bookseller at Heckenhauer in Tübingen from 1917 and was then a bookseller in Berlin , Stuttgart , Karlsruhe , Baden-Baden and Leipzig . From 1927 he worked as a lecturer, later as head of the lecture department, for the Süddeutscher Rundfunk. In 1928 he published a volume of poetry with satirical verses for the first time under the pseudonym "Tyll".

On September 3, 1929, he married Else Lemberger, who came from a Jewish family from Rexingen .

After the occupation of the Stuttgart radio house by the National Socialists on March 8, 1933, he was banned from the house and was released on June 30. From May 13th to June 29th 1933 he was imprisoned in the Heuberg concentration camp . After his release he lived with his in-laws in Rexingen. In the absence of other earning potential, he began to publish his first poems in the Swabian dialect under the pseudonym Sebastian Blau . He is also said to have worked for the Nazi satirical magazine Die Brennessel under the pseudonym Peter Squenz . In 1936, however, he was expelled from the Reichsschrifttumskammer , which amounted to a writing ban. From May 1, 1936, however, he was able to work at the American consulate in Stuttgart until it was closed in July 1942. From 1942 he was employed as a librarian at the Württemberg fire insurance in Stuttgart. When his wife was asked by the Gestapo to “work abroad” in January 1945 , they went into hiding. They were temporarily hidden in the granary of the station building at the Wildpark stop in Stuttgart.

After the American troops marched into Stuttgart, he became a program advisor for Radio Stuttgart . On September 17, along with Karl Ackermann and Henry Bernhard, he received a license from the American military government to publish the Stuttgarter Zeitung . The first issue appeared a day later. After several changes in the co-editors, Josef Eberle was the sole managing editor of the newspaper from 1954 to 1971, which he built up and expanded into one of the most prominent liberal newspapers in Germany and the most important newspaper in southwest Germany.

Part of the Eberle collection of the Museum of the University of Tübingen

From 1956 to 1976 he was Vice President of the German Schiller Society, the sponsoring association of the Schiller National Museum in Marbach am Neckar . Through his mediation, the Cotta-Verlag archive was donated to the museum, to which he also bequeathed his own written estate and library. He worked as a patron of the Württemberg Library Society and the Stuttgart Gallery Association. The Archaeological Institute of the University of Tübingen received his collection of antiquities . The city of Rottenburg was able to build the Roman Museum through his legacy .

He was buried in a grave of honor in the Rottenburger Sülchen cemetery. In 1989 his wife died and was buried next to him.

Literary work

Josef Eberle published poems and epigrams regularly since 1928 . Under the pseudonym Sebastian Blau he was able to publish Swabian poems after the professional ban in 1933 and in the series of the Piper Verlag What is not in the dictionary the VI. Edit volume, Schwäbisch , from 1935. He had chosen the alias as a tribute to the founder of Swabian poetry, Sebastian Sailer . The first volume of poetry was published in 1933, “Kugelfuhr”, in 1934 “Feierobed”, 1942 “Rottenburger Bilderbogen”, 1946 “The Swabian Poems of Sebastian Blau” and “Rottenburger Hauspostille”. In his newspaper he published high German poems under the pseudonym Peter Squenz . Since 1954 he has also published poems in Latin under the pseudonym Iosephus Apellus ; "Apellus" is a literal translation of "Eberle". One of his Latin poems welcomes visitors to the Roman lapidarium in front of the New Palace in Stuttgart as an inscription . In 1973 further dialect poems appeared under the title "Swabian Autumn" and 1981 "Sebastian Blau's Schwobespiagel".

Welcome relief at the entrance to the Roman Lapidarium with a two-line by Josef Eberle

Some of his poems were set to music by Hubert Deuringer and recorded on vinyl by various interpreters. The best known of these is probably D'r Gsangverei , sung by Willy Seiler .

In spoken form, the poems by Peter Nagel are recited in the Rottenburg dialect, e.g. B. on the dialect CD Raoteburger Schwäbisch .

Awards and honors

Sebastian Blau Prize for Swabian dialect

The association schwäbische eV has been awarding the Sebastian Blau Prize for Swabian dialect since 2002 . The prize is intended to “ raise and strengthen public awareness of the value of the dialect ”. It is advertised every two years alternately in the categories literature , cabaret , songwriter and filmmaker and is endowed with 2500 € for the first place. Among other things, the songwriter Thomas Felder was honored with it.

Work editions

  • Josef Eberle: Cave canem - be careful! A book of epigrams in Latin and German. Zurich 1962.
  • Josef Eberle: Black Salt. A hundred epigrams in Latin and German. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1964
  • Eckart Frahm (Ed.): The great Josef-Eberle-Sebastian-Blau-Reader . ISBN 3-421-05550-5
  • Eckart Frahm (ed.): Josef Eberle - A youth who calls himself Tyll. ISBN 978-3-9814658-0-8


  • Karlheinz Geppert (Ed.): Josef Eberle, poet and publicist . Deutsche-Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-421-05552-1

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Ursula E. Koch : The stinging nettle (1931-1938). In: Wolfgang Benz (ed.): Handbook of Antisemitism. Hostility to Jews in the past and present . Volume 6: Publications . Edit v. Brigitte Mihok, Berlin: DeGruyter 2013, p. 81. ISBN 978-3-11-025872-1
  2. Stuttgarter Zeitung of September 30, 2019, p. 16
  3. Dialect CD; Peter Nagel: Raoteburg Swabian after Sebastian Blau. Corpus Christi Day and many other poems EL 50900
  4. Website of the Schwäbische eV association (, accessed on August 30, 2015)
  5. List of previous winners of the Sebastian Blau Prize