Tübingen royal society Roigel

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coat of arms
Coat of arms of the royal society Roigel.jpg
Basic data
University location: Tubingen , Germany
Founding: October 28, 1838 in Tübingen
Colours: black-gold-red
Motto: Circulus fratum regis vivat
Circle: Circle of the royal society Roigel.jpg
Website: www.roigel.com
The Royal Society of Tübingen Roigel behind the Pflegehof (around 1860)

The Tübingen Royal Society Roigel is a student union founded in 1838 at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen . The name “King's Society” is derived from the establishment that was founded, the “Gasthaus zum König”. From the satirically used French term “Société Royale” the Swabian nickname “Roigel” emerged, which was adopted as part of the name in the 1840s.


The Roigel wears the fraternity colors "black-gold-red". Both boys and temporarily admitted members wear the same ribbon, the fuxen colors "red-gold-red" have not been worn since the abolition of fuxen status in 1969.


1816 to 1838

Based on the founding of the original fraternity, the “Allgemeine Burschenverein Arminia” was founded in Tübingen in 1816, to which numerous students from the Tübingen monastery also belonged. The collegiate students were only able to participate in fraternity to a limited extent because of the strict collegiate rules that applied to them. They therefore had a special position, among other things they were prohibited from academic fencing .

After the murder of August von Kotzebue , the fraternities were banned in 1819 with the Karlovy Vary resolutions . The fraternity movement, however, continued with the tacit tolerance of the university in the so-called “Burschenverein”, of which a third were collegiate students.

However, the dispute over the Germanic or Armenian orientation of the fraternity led to the resignation of many Armenian-minded collegiate students. The initiation of a cramming relationship with the Tübingen Corps in 1832 led to the resignation of almost all other donors from the Tübingen fraternity.

As a result of the Frankfurt Wachensturm in 1833, the fraternities were again banned. The resigned collegiate students were spared this repression and founded a fraternity-minded pub in autumn 1833 called "The Patriots". These saw themselves as placeholders for the fraternity in Tübingen and wore the colors "black-gold-red". They later called themselves "Schmidteigesellschaft" after their new pub.

On October 28, 1838, Franz Friedrich Majer, Ludwig Osiander and Gustav Palm resigned from the society and together with 23 other collegiate students founded the royal society Roigel. Normannia Tübingen later emerged from the remnants of the Schmidtteigesellschaft .

1838 to 1914

The Royal Society of Tübingen Roigel in Kurzisches Garten (June 22, 1857)

According to the will of its founders, the royal society was initially to exist until the students of the monastery could become members of the fraternity .

Around 1844/45, however, the relationship with the fraternity increasingly turned into an inter-corporate one. The Roigel developed a new self-image as an independent fraternity-Armenian-minded fraternity. From 1852 onwards, students who did not study in the monastery could become members of the Roigel.

With the admission of non-penal students, so-called city students, the fencing question arose again. In contrast to the pen students, the city students were allowed to hit scale lengths. From the 1860s onwards, the non-beating Roigel therefore took the standpoint of conditional satisfaction . In the event of a defamation, the convention decided whether contrahage was allowed or not. From 1880, however, the non-theologians of Roigels were subject to unconditional satisfaction.

The Tübinger Lindenallee on the Untere Wöhrd, which once stretched from the Hirschauer Steg, today's avenue bridge, to the Weilheimer Markemarker, was not only a popular promenade, but was also the scene of numerous "nature bars " of the Tübingen fraternity students . Every year on Corpus Christi Day, the Roigel first moved into the avenue. In the shade of the trees they turned a drinking horn filled with beer around and all passers-by were invited to join in the celebration. Today only a few of the old giant trees are still standing. The avenue was destroyed in the 20th century by the construction of two traffic routes, the Ammertalbahn and the bypass.

1914 to 1945

The First World War brought a restriction and partial cessation of university operations and the life of the union. At the end of 1918 the active operation of the Roigels was resumed, at the beginning of 1919 the university resumed its lecture operations.

In the course of the Spartacus uprising , there was also an attempted coup in Stuttgart in 1919. To counter this threat, the state government called among other things the student body to help. The Tübingen connections then formed a student battalion, which also included Active des Roigels. This student battalion was initially deployed in Stuttgart, later also involved in the suppression of the Soviet Republic in Munich .

From 1925 to 1930, the federal government was programmatically radicalized, the stab- in- the-back legend was received intensively and the Weimar Republic was controversial. From 1924 the Roigel as a federation gave unconditional satisfaction , for the active the conditional satisfaction still applied. Determination marks were not fought. On October 1, 1932, the statutes were changed so that the active members had to give unconditional satisfaction.

In 1933 Roigel joined the German Burschenschaft , changed his name to "Burschenschaft Roigel" and became obligatory . Because of the obligation to introduce the Leadership Principle and the aspirations of all connections equal to unlock the Roigel occurred in November 1934 the German fraternity from.

At the beginning of 1935, Roigel joined the old fraternity in the hope of being able to maintain the independence of the Federation in this umbrella organization. The increased pressure on the student associations as a result of the " asparagus affair ", however, led to the Roigels elderly meeting on October 26, 1935 resolving to suspend active operations.

From 1937 onwards, the Roigel's senior citizens' association supported the “Kameradschaft Ludwig Uhland”, which included former members of the Germania Tübingen fraternity and former members of the Roigel club. The comradeship was considered politically unreliable within the National Socialist German Student Union . Under the guise of comradeship, corporate customs continued to be cultivated until the end of the war.

1949 until today

In 1949, remnants of the "Kameradschaft Ludwig Uhland" formed first the new Aktivitas of Germania and a little later the new Aktivitas des Roigel. Some former active members of the "Kameradschaft Ludwig Uhland" became double members in Roigel and Germania.

When it was re-established, an extensive reform of the Roigel was carried out, among other things the beer comment was largely abolished, the hat and the Chargenwichs abolished and academic fencing made a private matter.

In the late 1960s the influence of the student movement in Roigel was felt. The Fuxen status was abolished, as were the last remnants of the beer comment . At times, Aktivitas was involved in university politics.

After a few years of stagnation in personnel, corporate traditions and symbols were revived in the Roigel in the 1990s, for example the hat was reintroduced on an optional basis in 1995 .

Gazette system

Drawing Gazette for the 50th Foundation Festival

A unique feature of the royal society Roigel is the gazette system. The roots of this tradition lie in the Tübingen monastery. Often satirical drawings, poems and texts were in the form of a newspaper of pen office passed to pin exchange, and later passed around as so-called Kneip newspapers in the Kneip bars.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Gazette changed from a multi-page newspaper more and more to a poem, song or prose work that was performed in the Roigel pub. The gazette system continues to be maintained in this form today.

The Roigel Gazettes are collected by the “Gazettier du Roi” (GdR) and archived in Gazette volumes. The Gazette Archive is a unique collection of student culture from 1838 to the present day. The collection is therefore a listed building and has already been used several times as a historical source.

Punt racing

At the annual punt race , the royal society attaches particular importance to the costume price. The following placements have been achieved over the years:

  • 1972: Costume Award
  • 1973: Costume Award
  • 1974: Costume Award
  • 1976: Costume Award
  • 1977: Costume Award
  • 1980: costume award
  • 1988: Costume Award (Laetitia / Roigel)
  • 1989: Costume Award (Laetitia / Roigel)
  • 1991: Costume Award
  • 1994: Costume Award
  • 1995: Costume Award
  • 1997: Costume Award
  • 1998: Costume Award
  • 1999: Costume Award
  • 2000: costume award
  • 2001: Costume Award
  • 2005: Costume Prize ( Pope with Swiss Guard )


Castle cooperage (drawing by Carl Baumann , 1850)

The Roigelhaus was built in 1904 on the foundations of the old Tübingen castle cooperage . The Stuttgart architects Paul Schmohl and Georg Stähelin oriented themselves to the old cooperage with the use of half-timbered and crooked roofs, their architecture thus taking into account the surroundings and the traditional cityscape - completely in line with the ideas of respectful building in the existing building, as it was at that time was propagated by Theodor Fischer .

At the same time, there are also influences from contemporary Art Nouveau architecture in the details . The wooden console supports on the gable of the building carry 4 animal sculptures by the sculptor Emil Kiemlen depicting a sow drinking beer, a hissing cat with fish, an owl and a fox with 2 wriggling frogs.

The building is with this combination as a fraternity house unique, especially compared to the other fraternity houses of that time, which are primarily the vogue of the educated middle class historicism ( neo-Renaissance , neo-baroque , respectively).

Another special feature is a bowling alley in the garden of the house, right next to the wall of Hohentübingen Castle . According to the Baden-Württemberg State Monuments Office, this is the only open-air bowling alley from before 1800 in southern Germany. Occasionally the bowling alley is also referred to as the "Mörike bowling alley", on the one hand because Eduard Mörike often accompanied him during his studies at the Tübingen monastery Fellow students were there, on the other hand, because his ballad “Des Schloßküpers Geister zu Tübingen” is about and on this bowling alley. Mörike's bowling alley was named " Monument of the Month July 2004" by the Monument Foundation Baden-Württemberg .

Known members

Membership directory :

  • Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. Directory of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. pp. 1098-1099.


  • Hans-Georg Balder: The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, p. 385.
  • Martin Biastoch: Tübingen students in the German Empire. A socio-historical investigation. Sigmaringen 1996 (Contubernium - Tübingen Contributions to the History of University and Science, Vol. 44) ISBN 3-515-08022-8 .
  • Hans-Jörg Dietsche: Tübingen royal society Roigel: Compendium of history and tradition. Tübingen 1999.
  • Max Fischer: History of Roigels 1838/1938. 1st chapter. Urach 1938.
  • Annette Roth: The Tübingen royal society Roigel in the Weimar Republic. Tubingen 1990.
  • Sabine Kraume-Probst: Mörikes bowling alley . In: Preservation of monuments in Baden-Württemberg , 20th year 1991, issue 4, p. 182ff. ( PDF )
  • Michael Ruhland: seat of a royal society. The Roigelhaus in Tübingen . In: Preservation of monuments in Baden-Württemberg , 31st year 2002, issue 2, p. 101f. ( PDF )

Individual evidence

  1. ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 111.
  2. ^ Wilfried Setzler: The dispute over the Tübinger Alleen and the homeland security movement with painting by Reinhold Julius Hartmann.
  3. Michael Ruhland: Seat of a royal society. The Roigelhaus in Tübingen. In: Preservation of monuments in Baden-Württemberg , 31st year 2002, issue 2, p. 101.
  4. Monument Foundation subsidizes repair , Tagblatt.de, accessed on July 14, 2015

See also

Web links

Commons : Tübinger Königsgesellschaft Roigel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files