Connection Normannia Tübingen

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Connection Normannia Tübingen

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Basic data
University location: Tübingen
University / s: Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen
Founding: August 27, 1841 , (November 30, 1861 )
Corporation association : association-free
Color status : colored
Type of Confederation: Men's association
Position to the scale : not striking
Motto: Vigor - virtus - libertas

The connection between Normannia and Tübingen is a student connection founded in 1841 at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen . The roots of the connection Normannia lie in the Tübingen fraternity movement of 1816. The name "Normannia" is a Latinization of the previous connection name "Nordland", which goes back to the former pub location of the connection, "Nördlingerei". The compound has had its own house since 1905 .

Principles, color

The Normannia is a color-bearing , non- striking (since 1945) and association-free association of male students based on the principle of life union . The colors of the connection are red-gold-white. The colors black-red-gold (originally black-gold-red) are also part of the banner (in the heart shield ). The tape is golden percussion . Her motto is "vigor - virtus - libertas" (life force - virtue - freedom ). The connection is denominational and politically neutral. The connection dispenses with the “Fux-Bursch” relationship . The final admission of the new members takes place after a trial period of 2 semesters. The members practice poetry and riding.



Normannia has its roots in the early years of the Germania Tübingen fraternity. In 1833 Germania was largely supported by students from the Tübingen monastery . Due to the dissolution of the corruption of the Corps towards the fraternity and the resulting intolerable crap ratio for the theology students of the monastery , 15 to 20 donors left Germania in 1832 and founded a society of patriots with other donors in 1833 , the actual forerunner of the Nordland.

The patriots constituted themselves on fraternity principles and wore the colors black-gold-red. Over time, they changed their name to Schmidtei , which was also joined by a fuchsia (black-red-gold, founded on February 14, 1835) in 1837. Since the monastery management did not like the freer life in this group, it was forcibly dissolved by them in 1840.

North country

From the former members of the Patriots, the Nordland Association was founded on August 27, 1841 . In May 1847, the Nordland took part in the corporation's guard in the "Gogen War", in which the Gogen protested against the rise in prices with revolts. The guard was then kept on standby and became the core of the student corps in the 48 revolution . From 1851 onwards, non-donors (so-called city ​​students ), who until then only had the status of pub guests , were accepted as full members. In contrast to the donors, city students were allowed to strike scale lengths.

The revolution of 1848

When the news of the overthrow of the French citizen-king Louis-Philippe I became known in Tübingen, this triggered a wave of enthusiasm. The Nordland pub newspaper edited by Adolf Bacmeister was adorned with the French tricolor , in which Bacmeister called for the struggle for freedom. Finally Bacmeister escaped from the pen to give in to his urge to work in the world for the cause of freedom. He went to Strasbourg and joined the Herwegh'schen Freischar . In a battle in the southern Black Forest , Bacmeister was captured and taken to Bruchsal prison, then to Hohenasperg and released from there.

During this time there was demonstrably a democratic attitude in the Nordland, speakers from the Nordland took part in the citizens' meetings organized by professors and students. There were two political camps: the patriotic associations and the people's associations, inspired by the party system formed in Frankfurt. In a speech, the northerner Heinrich Lang threw the word republic into the audience, which caused a storm of indignation and the split between the two camps. The patriots left the hall, and Lang founded a democratic association with the rest, which was banned but re-established as a people's association. From then on, Lang devoted himself only to politics, giving speeches and writing leaflets. Pursued by the police, he fled to Switzerland and became a pastor there .

In the spring of 1849 the Frankfurt National Assembly failed , whereupon the Democratic Party in the South attempted to enforce the imperial constitution by force. The Tübingen Volksverein declared Prussia an enemy of the Reich and demanded that Württemberg be annexed to the rebellious states of Baden and Palatinate. The Swabian Democrats moved to Stuttgart, but the government and chamber were not intimidated.

On June 9th, the Academic Freikorps decided to make itself available to the Reich Regency appointed by the National Assembly as the higher legal authority. In the end, not all students kept their promise.

On June 19, a crowd of 50 students and workers left Tübingen to move to Baden. The Nordland provided a considerable contingent, even seven donors went with them. The northerner Wilhelm Rapp (1828–1907), after Lang the new chairman of the Tübinger Volksverein, looked at the small crowd in Gernsbach and called from there to “the unmarried team of Tübingen” to follow them. In Forbach , volunteers from Horb aN joined on June 26th .

The crowd hovered around Baden , but without encountering the Prussians, and was gradually pushed towards the Swiss border. Some crossed the border there on July 11th and found themselves at Heinrich Lang's, the rest went home and faced their prison sentence . After a while the exiles went home, but Rapp stayed in Switzerland and took up an apprenticeship. After a little over a year, he too was drawn to his homeland, among other things to surrender, whereupon he was arrested in Geislingen and imprisoned on the Hohenasperg . Rapp later emigrated to America and was u. a. Editor of German-language newspapers in Cincinnati and Baltimore as well as the " Illinois Staats-Zeitung" ( Chicago ). The revolution finally got lost.


Color card with coat of arms and house of Normans


In 1861 members left the Nordland after a dispute and founded the Normannia Association with the members of the Döblia Society on November 30, 1861 . In 1862 the Nordland disbanded. In 1877, Nordland and Normannia finally recognized each other as a mother and daughter association, the flag of the Nordland passed into the care of Normannia. The founding date was dated back to 1841. The connection house , which is now a listed building, was completed in 1905 . In the 1920s the drinking comment was abolished.

time of the nationalsocialism

As a result of the Nazis' seizure of power in 1933, the Normannia Association joined the German fraternity in 1934 in order to avoid being brought into line in the NSDStB , but which it left in 1935 after the DB threatened to merge with the NSDStB. During this time, Normannia operated as a fraternity. In 1936 Normannia finally had to dissolve and sell the house into which a Reichsbräuteschule moved. After that, Normannia was combined with the Ghibellinia country team until 1945 in the Langemark Comradeship , in which the active life was continued under the hand.


After the Second World War, the Normannia connection was re-established in 1946. The "conditional satisfaction principle" ( mensurfechten / beating ) and batch wicks were abolished. The house was returned in the 1953 summer semester. From the summer semester of 1957, the hat was also no longer worn; on official occasions, the members only wear the ribbon .

In 1969 the Fuxen status was abolished. The Aktivitas solidarity with the former student movement and continued when it adopted the emergency laws in 1968 their flag on half-mast .

Since 1992 the hat (white with gold-red prepuz ) can be worn again to selected events. In the 1990s, Aktivitas campaigned against right-wing extremist tendencies in member federations of the German fraternity . In 1997 the Normannenhaus was placed under monument protection.

In the years 1963–1965, 1967, 1970, 1972–1973, 1976, 1981 and 2004 Normannia won the punt race , and in 1975 and 2002 the costume award.

Well-known Normans

Sorted by year of birth

  • Eduard von Faber (1822–1907), Kgl. Württ. Minister of Justice
  • Immanuel Faißt (1823–1894), organist and composer, first director of the Stuttgart University of Music (1859–1894)
  • Heinrich Lang (1826–1876), leading exponent of theological liberalism and popular speaker in the revolution of 1848
  • Adolf Bacmeister (1827–1873), writer
  • Wilhelm Georg Rapp (1827–1907), German-American journalist and author
  • Rudolf von Schmid (1828–1907), prelate and court preacher in Stuttgart
  • Adolf Friedrich von Walcker (1830–1896), general superintendent of Schwäbisch Hall and member of the Württemberg state parliament
  • Wilhelm Lauser (1836–1902), publicist and historian
  • Christoph Blumhardt (1842–1919), theologian, founder of Christian Socialism
  • Ernst Johann Eitel (1838–1908), Protestant missionary in China and professor at Adelaide University
  • Ernst Engels (1845–1899), lawyer, Bergrat; Member of the German Reichstag
  • Karl Hahn (1846–1899), Lord Mayor of Bochum, member of the Prussian manor house and the Provincial Parliament of Westphalia
  • Paul Lang (1846–1898), pastor and writer
  • Erwin von Seckendorff-Gudent (1848–1923), member of the Württemberg state parliament
  • Hermann von Zeller (1849–1937), lawyer, consistorial president of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg (1913–1924)
  • Paul Heinrich Wilhelm Albert Mezger (1851–1913), theologian, Rector of the University of Basel (1908/09)
  • Heinrich von Planck (1851–1932), prelate and general superintendent of Ulm
  • Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter (1852–1912), lawyer, Foreign State Secretary (Foreign Minister) of the German Empire (1910–1912)
  • Hermann von Soden (1852–1914), theologian, New Testament scholar and church theorist
  • Karl von Fleischhauer (1852–1921), lawyer, Kgl. Württ. Education Minister (1906–1912) and Interior Minister (1912–1918)
  • Karl Müller (1852–1940), church historian
  • Otto Georg Bogislaf von Glasenapp (1853–1928), lawyer, Vice President of the Reichsbank
  • Karl von Haffner (1855–1944), lawyer, President of the Royal State Statistical Office in Württemberg
  • Johannes von Merz (1857–1929), theologian, church president of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg (1924–1929)
  • Karl Ludwig Schmitthenner (1858–1932), prelate of the Evangelical Church in Baden (1909–1924)
  • Otto Kirn (1857–1911), systematic theologian
  • Carl Cranz (1858–1945), mathematician and physicist, founder of modern ballistics
  • Otto Hölder (1859–1937), mathematician ( Hölder inequality )
  • Eduard Lamparter (1860–1945), member of the Landtag in the People's State of Württemberg, theologian
  • Felician Geß (1861–1938), historian and librarian
  • Camillo Hailer (1862–1931), senior magistrate and district administrator of Oberndorf am Neckar
  • Johannes von Hieber (1862–1951), theologian, 2nd State President of Württemberg (1920–1924), Minister of Culture of Württemberg (1918–1920) and since 1898 a member of the Reichstag and the Württemberg State Parliament
  • Friedrich Kauffmann (1863–1941), medievalist and linguist
  • Wilhelm Lattmann (1864–1935), German national politician
  • Paul Sakmann (1864–1936), theologian and politician (SPD), member of the Württemberg state parliament
  • Karl Holl (1866–1926), church historian; Member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences
  • Georg Schmidgall (1867–1953), leading student historian
  • Karl Knapp (1870–1955), senior administrator and district administrator in Württemberg
  • Eugen Eisele (1871–1940), member of the Württemberg state parliament
  • Emil Schmid (1873–1938), senior administrator in Württemberg
  • Otto Keinath (1879–1948), member of the Reichstag (1920–1924 DDP ; 1924–1928, 1930–1932 DVP )
  • Eugen Fischer-Baling (1881–1964), librarian, historian, political scientist, Protestant theologian and writer
  • Wilhelm Lempp (1882–1970), Oberamtmann of Württemberg and administrative lawyer
  • Edmund Mezger (1883–1962), lawyer, teacher of criminal law
  • Ernst Hohl (1886–1957), ancient historian
  • Ernst Kretschmer (1888–1964), psychiatrist ( constitutional typology )
  • Friedrich Geißler (1889–1971), District Administrator in Mergentheim, Tübingen and Calw
  • Paul Kirn (1890–1965), historian
  • Helmuth Maier (1892–1976), District Administrator in Nürtingen
  • Walter Hieber (1895–1976), chemist, founder of metal carbonyl chemistry (son of Johannes von Hieber )
  • Martin Haug (1895–1983), regional bishop of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg (1948–1962)
  • Paul Wanner (1895–1990), writer
  • Siegfried Gmelin (1897–1976), lawyer, founder of the Austrian building society society
  • Ludwig Schlaich (1899–1977), pastor, founder of curative education
  • Walter Bertsch (1900–1952), politician (NSDAP)
  • Hans Häcker (1901–1986), District Administrator in Gaildorf and Esslingen, President of the Württemberg Savings Banks and Giro Association
  • Wilhelm Hoffmann (1901–1986), Director of the Württemberg State Library (1945–1970), President of the German Schiller Society (1954–1979)
  • August Reuss (1902–1986), District Administrator in Backnang and Ministerial Director
  • Helmut Ensslin (1909–1984), pastor, member of the Confessing Church (father of Gudrun Ensslin )
  • Eugen Steimle (1909–1987), study assessor, SS standard leader of the security service (SD)
  • Hans Gmelin (1911–1991), lawyer, Lord Mayor of Tübingen (1954–1974) (father of Herta Däubler-Gmelin )
  • Reinhold Bäßler (1913–1969), lawyer, functionary of the NSDStB , SS-Hauptsturmführer and insurance manager
  • Kurt Rebmann (1924–2005), Attorney General (1977–1990)
  • Gert Hummel (1933–2004), theologian, bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Georgia
  • Hans-Martin Gauger (* 1935), Romance scholar, linguist and author, Professor of Romance Philology, Vice Rector of the University of Freiburg
  • Horst Köhler (* 1943), Federal President (temporary member of Normannia)
  • Hans Jochen Henke (* 1945), lawyer, General Secretary of the CDU Economic Council (since 2004), Lord Mayor of Ludwigsburg (1984–1995), State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Transport (1995–1998) and member of the German Bundestag (1998–2002)

Membership directory :

  • Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. Directory of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. pp. 1096-1098.


  • Hans-Georg Balder : The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, pp. 383-384.
  • Martin Biastoch: Tübingen students in the German Empire. A socio-historical investigation. Sigmaringen 1996 (Contubernium - Tübingen Contributions to the History of University and Science, Vol. 44) ISBN 3-51508-022-8 .
  • Wilhelm von Camerer: The founding of Normannia and the time until autumn 1863. Stuttgart 1899.
  • Wilhelm Lang: The history of the connection north country to Tübingen 1841-1861. Cannstatt 1914.
  • Wilhelm Lang: The Tübingen Fire Riders 1828–1833. In: Sources and representations on the history of the fraternity and the German unity movement. 1912, Vol. 3, pp. 84-87.
  • Georg Schmidgall : The historic room of the Tübingen Normannia. 1924.
  • Georg Schmidgall: The old Tübingen fraternity 1816–1828. In: Sources and representations on the history of the fraternity and the German unity movement. 1940, vol. 17, pp. 1-187.
  • Georg Schmidgall: The Tübingen Normannia as a fraternity connection. Tuttlingen 1905.
  • Georg Schmidgall: The Tübingen donors and their connections at the time of the Wars of Liberation. In: Contributions to Tübingen student history. 2nd episode, issue 3, February 1939.
  • Georg Schmidgall: On the prehistory of the Tübingen Normannia, its colors and its coat of arms. Stuttgart 1919.
  • Association of Old Tübingen Normans: Memorial book of the Tübingen Normannia for their fallen. Stuttgart 1921.
  • Paul Wanner for the Association of Alter Tübingen Normans White hat, colored ribbon. Memory and legacy. Stuttgart 1941.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 111.
  2. Hans-Georg Balder: Die Deutsche (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your presentation in individual chronicles, p. 383
  3. ^ Matthias Wolfes:  Mezger, Paul Heinrich Wilhelm Albert. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 17, Bautz, Herzberg 2000, ISBN 3-88309-080-8 , Sp. 969-976.
  4. ^ Klaus-Gunther Wesseling:  Kirn, Otto. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 3, Bautz, Herzberg 1992, ISBN 3-88309-035-2 , Sp. 1529-1530.

Web links

Commons : Connection Normannia Tübingen  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files