Karl Friedrich Reinhard
Karl Friedrich Reinhard , French Charles Frédéric, comte Reinhard , (born October 2, 1761 in Schorndorf , Württemberg , † December 25, 1837 in Paris ) was a French diplomat, statesman and writer of German origin. Talleyrand called it "The gift of Tübingen to France".
Reinhard attended the Protestant monastery schools in Denkendorf and Maulbronn from 1774 to 1778 , then studied theology and philology in Tübingen , became an educator in a trading house in Bordeaux in 1787 , received a secretary's position in Paris through Sieyès in the Foreign Office in 1792 and went to London and 1792 as the first secretary of the legation 1793 to Naples .
Under the reign of terror, he held the position of head of division in the Foreign Ministry, became French envoy to the Hanseatic cities in 1795 and in Florence in 1798 . In 1799 he was Minister for Foreign Affairs for a few months, then envoy in Switzerland , 1801 in Milan , 1802 again in Hamburg and finally in 1805 French consul general and resident in Jassy , where he and his family were arrested when the Russians marched in 1806, but on the orders of Tsar Alexander was released again. In 1809 he was elected a foreign member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .
After returning to France, he lived on his Falkenlust estate on the Rhine until Napoleon I appointed him envoy to the Westphalian court in Kassel in 1808 . After the first restoration, he became the office director in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and State Councilor, from Louis XVIII. Appointed count in 1815 and, after the second restoration, envoy to the Bundestag of the German Confederation in Frankfurt am Main . In 1829 he was retired, but after the July Revolution he was again envoy to the Saxon court in Dresden until 1832. He was made a peer in 1832 and naturalized as a French.
He died in Paris on December 25, 1837 and was buried in the Montmartre cemetery. His “Correspondence with Goethe” appeared in Stuttgart in 1850.
Reinhard had been married to Christine Reimarus , daughter of Sophie Reimarus , since 1796 .
- Ina Ulrike Paul: Karl Friedrich Reinhard - Charles-Frédéric Comte de Reinhard. French constitutional patriot and citizen of the world . In: Francia , vol. 43 (2016), pp. 367-390.
- Hans-Werner Engels : The Franco-German minister - Germany was his home, France his fate, Weimar his world: The amazing life of Karl Friedrich Reinhard, who even headed the Paris Foreign Office for a short time. In: The time of January 7, 2010 (web resource) .
- Ina Ulrike Paul: Reinhard, Karl Friedrich Graf von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , pp. 355-357 ( digitized version ).
- Theodor Heuss : Count Reinhard. In: Ders .: Shadow conjuring. Figures on the margins of history. Wunderlich, Stuttgart et al. 1947; Klöpfer and Meyer, Tübingen, 1999, ISBN 3-931402-52-5 .
- Hermann Uhrig: Karl Friedrich Reinhard. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 7, Bautz, Herzberg 1994, ISBN 3-88309-048-4 , Sp. 1543-1555.
- Jean Delinière: A German Enlightenment Officer in the Service of France (1761-1837). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-17-009960-4 .
- Else R. Gross (Ed.): Karl Friedrich Reinhard 1761–1837. A life for France and Germany. Commemorative publication for the 200th birthday. Stuttgart 1961.
- Wilhelm Lang: Count Reinhard: A Franco-German life picture 1761-1837. Buchner, Bamberg 1896, digitized versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dbub_gb_8OJ5AAAAIAAJ~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn9~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Wilhelm Lang: Reinhard, Karl Friedrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 28, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, pp. 44-63.
- Adolf Wohlwill : Reinhard as the French envoy in Hamburg and the efforts of the Hanseatic cities to be neutral in the years 1795–1797. In: Hansische Geschichtsblätter 2 (1875), pp. 53–121. ( Digitized version )
- Gottschalk Eduard Guhrauer : Count Karl Friedrich Reinhard. In: Historical paperback. 7. Vol. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1846, pp. 187–275, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DBHI-AQAAMAAJ~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPA187~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Literature by and about Karl Friedrich Reinhard in the catalog of the German National Library
- ↑ Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 199.
- ↑ Hans-Werner Engels: The Franco-German Minister - Germany was his homeland, France his fate, Weimar his world: The astonishing life of Karl Friedrich Reinhard, who even led the Paris Foreign Office for a short time, DIE ZEIT No. 2, 7 January 2010
- ^ Franklin Kopitzsch , Daniel Tilgner (ed.): Hamburg Lexikon. 4th, updated and expanded special edition. Ellert & Richter, Hamburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-8319-0373-3 , p. 574.
Louis-Grégoire Le Hoc
Jean Benedict Lemaître (Gt)
French envoy to the Hanseatic cities
1795 to 1798
1802 to 1805
|Jean Benedict Lemaître (Gt)
Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne
|French envoy to Tuscany
1798 to 1799
|Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand||
French Foreign Minister
July 20, 1799 to November 22, 1799
|Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand|
French envoy to the German Confederation from
1818 to 1830
|Jean Baptiste de Alleye de Ciprey|
|Louis Charles Victor de Riquet de Caraman||French ambassador to Saxony from
1830 to 1832
|Paul-Charles-Amable de Bourgoing|
|SURNAME||Reinhard, Karl Friedrich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Reinhard, Charles Frédéric comte|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Diplomat, statesman and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 2, 1761|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Schorndorf , Württemberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 25, 1837|
|Place of death||Paris|