Crater (vessel)

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A krater ( ancient Greek κρατήρ kratḗr , meaning long e and emphasis on e ; plural: ancient Greek κρατῆρες kratéres , German  kratére ) is originally a vessel for mixing wine and water, which was used in ancient Greece for festive occasions such as banquets and symposiums . The name comes from the Greek word for "to mix". The crater was used together with a psykter . This was inserted into the crater. It is still unclear whether the chalice or psykter contained the wine or the coolant. Craters could be made from clay or bronze . They were in use until the Hellenistic period. In modern times, craters formed a basic form for vases , which - further developed in varying forms - were set up for decorative and representational purposes, primarily in garden and interior design.

This name gives the constellation Crater (German cup ) and is also used for geological structures that are characterized by a funnel-shaped depression or trough with a pronounced ring-shaped edge.

Type variant comment Redrawing example
Mycenaean crater based on the shape of an amphora Papyrus Painter crater Louvre CA1584.jpg
Geometric foot crater was used as a burial vessel Attic geometric krater 725 BC MET.jpg
Late geometric bow handle crater Argivian late-geometric krater at the Antikensammlung Berlin 1.jpg
Colonette Crater also pole handle crater , originated around 600 BC In Corinth and was called Korinthios in ancient Greece . The colonnette-shaped bow handles carried a protruding square plate Colonette Crater.gif
Corinthian Colonette Crater Crater riders 550 BC Staatliche Antikensammlungen.jpg
Attic red-figure column crater Phineus Boreads Louvre G364.jpg
Chalcidian crater also bow handle craters Lakonian krater Staatliche Antikensammlungen.jpg
Volute crater Was initially used as a bronze vessel in Laconia . The particularly splendid crater, known in ancient Greece as the lakonikos crater, was built in the first half of the 6th century BC. Taken over from an Attic pottery workshop. Volutenkrater.gif
Attic volute crater Crater Actaeon Louvre CA3482.jpg
Lower Italian volute crater Krater by the Underworld Painter Staatliche Antikensammlungen Munich 1.jpg
Calyx crater With him, the handles were placed in the lower third of the vessel. The chalice crater was created in the second half of the 6th century BC. Developed in an Attic pottery workshop. Cup crater.gif Chalice-crater Louvre CA491.jpg
Bell crater originated in the 5th century BC Chr. Bell crater.gif Bell-crater Scylla Louvre CA1341.jpg
Skyphos crater Skyphoskrater.gif NAMA Early black-figure Attic skyphos-krater.JPG
Dinos ( Lebes ) Dinos with stand.gif Dino di produione attica, 575-500 ac approx. JPG
Dinos pool Dinos animals Louvre Cp11243.jpg
Dinos stand Vase support by the Antiphon Painter Antikensammlung Berlin.jpg

See also


  • Wolfgang Schiering : The Greek clay pots. Shape, purpose and change of form (= Gebr.-Mann-Studio-series ). 2nd, significantly changed and expanded edition. Mann, Berlin 1983, ISBN 3-7861-1325-4 .

Web links

Commons : Krater  - Collection of images, videos and audio files