|Residents||28,749 (as of 2001 Census )|
|ZIP code section||WR14|
|Part of the country||England|
|British Parliament||West Worcestershire|
Malvern is a town in the county of Worcestershire in England with the districts of Great Malvern , Malvern Link , Malvern Wells , West Malvern and North Malvern . According to the 2001 census, the entire municipality had 28,749 inhabitants.
General information about the city
The town, which is small in itself for the densely populated Midlands , is known for several facts:
- A Benedictine monastery and a well-known school ( Malvern College ) have been located here since the Middle Ages .
- The city has probably been a spa since the late Middle Ages and has been a well-developed spa since around 1910.
- The decisive steps to develop radar technology were made here in a research laboratory, which enabled England to hold out against Hitler's attacks until the USA entered the war.
- In the 1970s, the English fundamental point of the Western European satellite triangulation WEST was established here and precisely integrated into the first-order surveying network. Malvern East, a highly precise passes trilateration -Dreieckskette that over Bayern until after Graz enough and in 1980 with a then amazing accuracy of 0.5 mm per kilometer measure could be.
The medieval poetry Piers Plowman begins in Malvern. Since around the middle of the 11th century, the place has a Benedictine monastery , which Edward the Confessor equipped. It derives its origin from a hermit . Parts of a second church from 1470 now serve as a local museum.
The second abbot of the monastery, Walcher von Malvern, was an important astronomer and mathematician , which, due to the specific 4th order rule of the Benedictines ( Stabilitas loci ), probably also included the establishment of a small observatory. Walcher's tombstone inside the church indicates his work as a scientist .
The fact that Malvern also became an important spa at the beginning of modern times is indicated by the mineral water that has been bottled since 1622 . In the early 19th century, the doctor James Manby Gully popularized his water cure , similar to Pastor Kneipp in Bavaria , who worked almost at the same time . As a result of the spa operation, several hotels were founded in what is now the Great Malvern district.
During the Second World War had the government of the United Kingdom are repeatedly evacuated from London, as the bomber and V-2 rockets of the Third Reich threatened the capital. The government found suitable replacement quarters in Malvern, about 150 km north-west.
During this time the city also became the seat of the Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE). This institute was able to make a decisive contribution to the development of radar technology (at that time militarily extremely important), in which England was temporarily even ahead of German scientists. Some military historians believe that World War II was won not so much on the battlefields as "in the fields of Malvern". See also the article magnetron about the electron tube developed at that time . The TRE is still present in Malvern - but now under the name QinetiQ - and is a major employer in the city.
Link automobiles have been designed and built by the Morgan Motor Company in the Malvern district since 1910 .
The company Nicholson Organs , a manufacturer of pipe organs , has existed near the Malvern Hills since 1841 .
Malvern is the headquarters of Malvern Instruments Ltd., one of the global market leaders in the field of particle size measurement.
- The historian and poet George Robert Ackworth Conquest (born July 15, 1917 in Malvern, † August 3, 2015 in Palo Alto, California) wrote authoritative standard works on Stalinism.
- The composer Edward Elgar (born June 2, 1857 in Broadheath near Worcester, † February 23, 1934 in Worcester) taught in Great Malvern. He was buried in St. Wulstan's, Little Malvern.
- The famous violinist Nigel Kennedy (born December 28, 1956 in Brighton) lived for a while in (West) Malvern.
- The opera singer Jenny Lind (born October 6, 1820 in Stockholm as Johanna Maria Lind, † November 2, 1887 in Malvern) died in Great Malvern in 1887 and was buried in the local cemetery.
- The singer Cher Lloyd (born July 28, 1993 in Malvern) became known in 2010 through the British TV talent show The X Factor .
- The politician Caroline Lucas (born December 9, 1960 in Malvern) was chairwoman of the Green Party of England and Wales from 2008 to 2012 and has been the only member of her party in the British lower house since May 2010.
- Jenny Lind. Forever Swedish. In: foreverswedish.net. Retrieved June 11, 2014 .
- Reviving the legacy of Jenny Lind 125 years later. (pdf; 0.2 MB) Press release Malvern Civic Society, Malvern, Worcestershire, November 2, 2012. Accessed June 11, 2014 .