Martin Robbe

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Martin Robbe around 1953

Martin Robbe (born September 22, 1932 in Bensheim-Auerbach ) is a German philosopher and historian specializing in developing countries and especially the Middle East .


Robbe is the son of a businessman and the linguist Gertrud Pätsch , with whom he moved to the Soviet occupation zone in East Berlin in 1948 .

He visited u. a. the Paulinum high school in Münster and passed the Abitur in 1950 at the workers and farmers faculty of the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena.

From 1950 to 1955 he studied history at the University of Jena and then philosophy at the Humboldt University in Berlin , with a. a. Walter Hollitscher , with him he was an assistant in the field of formal logic, Wolfgang Harich , Karl Schröter, Hermann Scheler , Robert Naumann and Wolfgang Heise . He then worked as an assistant at the Berlin School of Economics , where he taught dialectical materialism , and from 1958 to 1962 he was an aspirant at the Humboldt University. His dissertation Myth, Religion and Society. A criticism of the remythization of bourgeois religious studies and theory in the epoch of the fall of capitalism and the rise of socialism dealt with problems of the history of Islam and Christianity; it was supervised by Heinrich Junker and Wolfgang Heise.

From 1962 until its dissolution in 1992 he worked at the German Academy of Sciences . In 1963 he received his doctorate as Dr. phil. In 1968 he completed additional studies in Cairo. Until 1969 he was head of the working group "Middle East" at the Institute for Orient Research. In 1970 he became head of the History Department of the Developing Countries at the Central History Institute. In 1986 he became deputy director of the Institute for General History of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR. In 1980 he received his habilitation and in 1983 he was appointed professor.

Robbe was president of the GDR-Arab Republic of Egypt friendship committee and a member of various scientific committees. Until the end of its publication in 2002, he was co-editor and editor-in-chief of the magazine Asia Africa Latin America , prior to that he was editor of the notices of the Institute for Orient Research . Articles published by him a. in: German foreign policy , unity , German journal for philosophy , horizon , journal for historical science , Asia Africa Latin America, Berlin Debate Initial , Marxist sheets .

Robbe also wrote popular science books and did translations.

He is u. a. was married to the economist Waltraud Falk .


  • Lessons on "The Dialectical-Materialistic Doctrine of Matter". Berlin School of Economics, 1957. DNB 560713673
  • Myth, Religion, and Society: A Critique of the Remythization of bourgeois religious science and theory in the epoch of the fall of capitalism and the rise of socialism. Dissertation, HU Berlin, 1963.
  • ed. with Gertrud Pätsch: ( transl .) Alfaric, Prosper : The social origins of Christianity . Progress, Darmstadt 1963, also Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin 1963.
  • The origin of Christianity. Urania, Leipzig / Jena / Berlin 1967.
  • Revolutions and Revolutionaries Today. New Life, Berlin 1972 / 2nd edition also Weltkreis, Dortmund 1975, ISBN 3-88142-153-X .
  • Third world, asylum for the poor? Comments on the understanding and self-image of the national liberation movement. Union, Berlin 1977.
  • No peace in the Middle East? The Arabs, their liberation struggle and Israel. New life, Berlin 1978.
  • Islam: religion, society, state. Dietz, Berlin 1981 / The European Book, West Berlin 1981, ISBN 3-88436-124-4 .
  • Lure of violence: left radicalism, anarchism, terrorism. New life, Berlin 1981.
  • The Palestinians: Their Struggle for National Identity and Statehood. Dietz, Berlin 1982.
  • Crossroads in the Middle East: The Middle East Conflict Past and Present. Military publishing house of the German Democratic Republic, Berlin 1982.
  • with Holger Preißler as editor and co-author: Islamic Studies in the German Democratic Republic. Tradition - Position - Findings. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1982.
  • (with Gerhard Höpp ) Spiritual disputes in Asia and Africa: Non-proletarian ideology in the struggle for national and social liberation. Dietz, Berlin 1983.
  • The mute in the world have their say: Developing countries - balance sheet and perspective. New life, Berlin 1984.
  • The man who shot Sadat: revolution and counterrevolution in Egypt. New Life, Berlin 1986, ISBN 3-355-00013-2 .
  • Terror: backgrounds, perpetrators, victims. Dietz, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-320-00983-4 .
  • The world of Islam. Urania, Leipzig / Jena / Berlin 1988 / Verlag Pahl-Rugenstein, Cologne 1988, ISBN 3760911862 .
  • Jihad - holy war: Islam in present-day conflict situations. Military publishing house of the German Democratic Republic, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-327-00678-4 .
  • ed. with Dieter Senghaas : The world after the East-West conflict. History and forecasts. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1990.
  • The Palestinians: Surrender or Statehood? On the history and problems of a conflict (= Marxist sheets, pamphlets. 08). Neue Impulse Verlag, Essen 2001 ( online ; PDF file; 533 kB).


  • Kai Hafez : Orient Studies in the GDR between Dogma and Adaptation 1969–1989 . Writings of the German Orient Institute, Hamburg 1995

Web links

Commons : Martin Robbe  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Vademecum of the historical sciences. F. Steiner, Stuttgart 2000, p. 530.
  2. a b c Short biography ( memento of July 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (p. 2; PDF file; 533 kB).
  3. ^ Kai Hafez: Orient Studies in the GDR between dogma and adaptation. 1969-1989 . Writings of the German Orient Institute, Hamburg 1995, p. 548.
  4. a b c Gabriele Baumgartner, Dieter Hebig (ed.): Biographisches Handbuch der SBZ / DDR. 1945–1990. Volume 2: Maassen - Zylla. KG Saur, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-598-11177-0 , p. 723.